Surveying the past north pacific pelagic seabird database gary s drew and john f piatt
Download
1 / 39

Surveying the Past: North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database Gary S. Drew and John F. Piatt - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 211 Views
  • Updated On :
  • Presentation posted in: Pets / Animals

Surveying the Past: North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database Gary S. Drew and John F. Piatt. Assessing Seabird Abundance and Distribution. Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program - OCSEAP. 1974-1982 273 Surveys Standard Protocols Central Data Repository Limitations

Related searches for Surveying the Past: North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database Gary S. Drew and John F. Piatt

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha

Download Presentation

Surveying the Past: North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database Gary S. Drew and John F. Piatt

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Surveying the Past: North Pacific Pelagic Seabird DatabaseGary S. Drew and John F. Piatt


Assessing Seabird Abundance and Distribution


Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program - OCSEAP

  • 1974-1982

  • 273 Surveys

  • Standard Protocols

  • Central Data Repository

  • Limitations

    • Data format

    • Surveys not integrated

    • Lack of documentation


Objectives of the NPPSD

  • Compile databases in native formats

  • Merge datasets using common unit of measure

  • Provide extensive documentation

  • Develop database programs for accessing and querying the database

  • Create web site for disseminating data


Lack of documentation

Variable QAQC

Lack of documentation

Variable QAQC

Different formats

Different protocols

Obstacles

OCSEAP

Post OCSEAP


Design

  • Comprehensive archiving plan

  • Extensive QAQC

  • Use of relational database

  • Selection of density for units of measure

  • Reclassification of some fields

  • Extensive documentation

    • Metadata database

    • Taxonomic code list

    • Users guide


Archiving

  • Original Format (Raw)

  • Level 1 - Post QAQC (Access DT)

  • Level 2 - Standardized (Access DT)

  • NPPSD Summary Database (Access DT)


QAQC

  • Out of Range

  • Data type mismatch

  • Documentation data mismatch


Calculating Density

  • Time x Speed x Transect Width

  • Distance x Transect Width

  • Use Lat Long Start/Stop and Great Circle Distance Formula x Transect Width


Standardization

  • Survey Type

  • Survey Platform

  • Behavior


NPPSD Metadata

Metadata

  • FDGC Compliant

  • Access Database


Taxonomic Code List


Marine Mammals

Data on marine mammals was collected on most seabird surveys


Kodiak Surveys

Divoky Surveys

Robert Day Surveys

USFWS Surveys

OCSEAP Surveys

George Hunt Surveys

Data processing queries

NPPSD

Marine Mammal Numbers

Seabird Numbers

Seabird Density

Marine Mammal Density

USFWS Ecological Services

Mapped Data Products

Short-Tailed Albatross

Datasets for Analysis


LOCATION

L2

ENVIRONMENT

L1

LOCATION

L1

Make

Location

L2 (4)

Location

L2 (2)

Great Circle XY Distance Calc

Make

Location

L2 (2)

Make

Location

L2 (1)

Export to Excel

Make

Location

L2 (3)

Copy Distance Calculations

ImporttoAccess

Access Table

Location

L2 (2)

Access Select Query

Excel Spreadsheet

Make Table Query


Make

Data Birds

L2 (1)

LOCATION

L2

DATA

L1

Make

Data Birds

L2 (2)

Access Table

Access Select Query

Make Table Query

Make Data Birds

L2 (3)

Numbers/Density

Make Data Mammals

L2 (3)

Numbers / Density

Make Data Birds

L2 (4) Number

Make Data Birds

L2 (4) Density

Make Data Mammals

L2 (4) Number

Make Data Mammals

L2 (4) Density


Data Table

Number of Surveys

Number of Transects

Seabird Density

377

57,660

Seabird Number

406

61,195

Marine Mammal Density

377

57,660

Marine Mammal Number

406

61,195

NPPSD Data Tables

Version 1.0


Data Set

Number of Surveys

Number of Transects

Shuntov (Russia)

8

2900

Piatt (USGS)

12

1356

Irons (USFWS)

19

5088

Byrd/Piatt (USFWS/USGS)

9

225

Day

8

653

Acquired Datasets


Acquired data setswill fill data gaps

  • Russia

  • Prince William Sound

  • Glacier Bay


Products and Collaborations

  • Distribution of Black-Footed and Laysan Albatrosses - USFWS and NMFS


Distribution of Laysan and Black-Footed Albatross in the North Pacific.


Products and Collaborations

  • Distribution of Black-Footed and Laysan Albatrosses - USFWS and NMFS

  • Distribution and density data for Kittlitz’s Murrelet - USFWS for “Petition for Listing”

  • Distribution maps for Kittlitz’s Murrelets - USGS inventory plans for this species


Kittlitz’s Murrelet Distribution


Products and Collaborations

  • Distribution of Black-Footed and Laysan Albatrosses - USFWS and NMFS

  • Distribution and density data for Kittlitz’s Murrelet - USFWS for “Petition for Listing”

  • Distribution maps for Kittlitz’s Murrelets - USGS inventory plans for this species

  • Broad-scale map of Alaskan seabird distribution – MMS to assess environmental risk


Seabird Density Map Based On Surveys Conducted Between 1974-1982.


Products and Collaborations

  • Distribution of Black-Footed and Laysan Albatrosses - USFWS and NMFS

  • Distribution and density data for Kittlitz’s Murrelet - USFWS for “Petition for Listing”

  • Distribution maps for Kittlitz’s Murrelets - USGS inventory plans for this species

  • Broad-scale map of Alaskan seabird distribution – MMS to assess environmental risk

  • Developed a database for Short-tailed Albatross (STAL) - USFWS ESO


Products and Collaborations

  • Distribution of Black-Footed and Laysan Albatrosses - USFWS and NMFS

  • Distribution and density data for Kittlitz’s Murrelet - USFWS for “Petition for Listing”

  • Distribution maps for Kittlitz’s Murrelets - USGS inventory plans for this species

  • Broad-scale map of Alaskan seabird distribution – MMS to assess environmental risk

  • Developed a database for Short-tailed Albatross (STAL) - USFWS ESO

  • Collaborated with George Hunt and Jaime Jahncke (UC Irving) on a presentation at PICES

  • Coauthored the paper “Prey Consumption and Energy Transfer by Seabirds in the Gulf of Alaska” Deep Sea Research II (in press) with George Hunt and Jaime Jahncke of UC Irving


Prey Consumption and Energy Transfer by Marine Birds in the Gulf of Alaska

PICES Presentation – Hunt, G.S. et al. 2004

Deep Sea Research II Publication in press 2005


Products and Collaborations

  • Distribution of Black-Footed and Laysan Albatrosses - USFWS and NMFS

  • Distribution and density data for Kittlitz’s Murrelet - USFWS for “Petition for Listing”

  • Distribution maps for Kittlitz’s Murrelets - USGS inventory plans for this species

  • Broad-scale map of Alaskan seabird distribution – MMS to assess environmental risk

  • Developed a database for Short-tailed Albatross (STAL) - USFWS ESO

  • Collaborated with George Hunt and Jaime Jahncke (UC Irving) on a presentation at PICES

  • Coauthored the paper “Prey Consumption and Energy Transfer by Seabirds in the Gulf of Alaska” Deep Sea Research II (in press) with George Hunt and Jaime Jahncke of UC Irving

  • Distribution of pink-footed shearwater for the “North American Conservation Action Plan” prepared by the Commission for Environmental Cooperation


Products and Collaborations

  • Distribution of Black-Footed and Laysan Albatrosses - USFWS and NMFS

  • Distribution and density data for Kittlitz’s Murrelet - USFWS for “Petition for Listing”

  • Distribution maps for Kittlitz’s Murrelets - USGS inventory plans for this species

  • Broad-scale map of Alaskan seabird distribution – MMS to assess environmental risk

  • Developed a database for Short-tailed Albatross (STAL) - USFWS ESO

  • Collaborated with George Hunt and Jaime Jahncke (UC Irving) on a presentation at PICES

  • Coauthored the paper “Prey Consumption and Energy Transfer by Seabirds in the Gulf of Alaska” Deep Sea Research II (in press) with George Hunt and Jaime Jahncke of UC Irving

  • Distribution of pink-footed shearwater for the “North American Conservation Action Plan” prepared by the Commission for Environmental Cooperation

  • Collaborated with Bruce Robson (World Wildlife Fund) on the planned Pribilof Islands Habitat Conservation Area.


Products and Collaborations

  • Distribution of Black-Footed and Laysan Albatrosses - USFWS and NMFS

  • Distribution and density data for Kittlitz’s Murrelet - USFWS for “Petition for Listing”

  • Distribution maps for Kittlitz’s Murrelets - USGS inventory plans for this species

  • Broad-scale map of Alaskan seabird distribution – MMS to assess environmental risk

  • Developed a database for Short-tailed Albatross (STAL) - USFWS ESO

  • Collaborated with George Hunt and Jaime Jahncke (UC Irving) on a presentation at PICES

  • Coauthored the paper “Prey Consumption and Energy Transfer by Seabirds in the Gulf of Alaska” Deep Sea Research II (in press) with George Hunt and Jaime Jahncke of UC Irving

  • Distribution of pink-footed shearwater for the “North American Conservation Action Plan” prepared by the Commission for Environmental Cooperation

  • Collaborated with Bruce Robson (World Wildlife Fund) on the planned Pribilof Islands Habitat Conservation Area.

  • Preliminary assessment of marine bird abundance and species composition in the vicinity of the Selendang Ayu grounding


M/V Selendang Ayu

Grounding


Conclusions

  • Integration of seabird surveys is a complex process.

  • Retention of original data and format is critical

  • Documentation is a critical aspect

  • The utility of integrated datasets is manifold and unpredictable


What Next?

  • Complete integration of acquired data

  • Develop more user friendly interface

  • Identify a host to serve the data

  • Develop a web based GIS interface

  • Hard Copy Atlas


Acknowledgements

We are grateful to NPRB and NPMRI as well as the USFWS and USGS for funding this research. We thank Shiway Wang, Michelle St. Peters, and Jennifer Wetzal for their tedious work on data entry, proofing, and documentation. Dave Irons, Jay Johnson, Kathy Kulitz, and Shawn Stevenson provide valuable guidance as part of a “NPPSD Working Group”. Dave and Shawn were also invaluable in finding hard copy data sheets and cruise reports for many of the historical USFWS surveys. We also want to thank Bob Day and George Hunt who have been strong supporters of this work and have provided considerable data to the effort.


ad
  • Login