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Surveying the Past: North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database Gary S. Drew and John F. Piatt. Assessing Seabird Abundance and Distribution. Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program - OCSEAP. 1974-1982 273 Surveys Standard Protocols Central Data Repository Limitations

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Surveying the past north pacific pelagic seabird database gary s drew and john f piatt l.jpg

Surveying the Past: North Pacific Pelagic Seabird DatabaseGary S. Drew and John F. Piatt



Outer continental shelf environmental assessment program ocseap l.jpg

Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program - OCSEAP

  • 1974-1982

  • 273 Surveys

  • Standard Protocols

  • Central Data Repository

  • Limitations

    • Data format

    • Surveys not integrated

    • Lack of documentation


Objectives of the nppsd l.jpg
Objectives of the NPPSD OCSEAP

  • Compile databases in native formats

  • Merge datasets using common unit of measure

  • Provide extensive documentation

  • Develop database programs for accessing and querying the database

  • Create web site for disseminating data


Obstacles l.jpg

Lack of documentation OCSEAP

Variable QAQC

Lack of documentation

Variable QAQC

Different formats

Different protocols

Obstacles

OCSEAP

Post OCSEAP


Design l.jpg
Design OCSEAP

  • Comprehensive archiving plan

  • Extensive QAQC

  • Use of relational database

  • Selection of density for units of measure

  • Reclassification of some fields

  • Extensive documentation

    • Metadata database

    • Taxonomic code list

    • Users guide


Archiving l.jpg
Archiving OCSEAP

  • Original Format (Raw)

  • Level 1 - Post QAQC (Access DT)

  • Level 2 - Standardized (Access DT)

  • NPPSD Summary Database (Access DT)


Slide9 l.jpg
QAQC OCSEAP

  • Out of Range

  • Data type mismatch

  • Documentation data mismatch


Calculating density l.jpg
Calculating Density OCSEAP

  • Time x Speed x Transect Width

  • Distance x Transect Width

  • Use Lat Long Start/Stop and Great Circle Distance Formula x Transect Width


Standardization l.jpg
Standardization OCSEAP

  • Survey Type

  • Survey Platform

  • Behavior


Metadata l.jpg

NPPSD Metadata OCSEAP

Metadata

  • FDGC Compliant

  • Access Database



Slide14 l.jpg

Marine Mammals OCSEAP

Data on marine mammals was collected on most seabird surveys


Slide15 l.jpg

Kodiak Surveys OCSEAP

Divoky Surveys

Robert Day Surveys

USFWS Surveys

OCSEAP Surveys

George Hunt Surveys

Data processing queries

NPPSD

Marine Mammal Numbers

Seabird Numbers

Seabird Density

Marine Mammal Density

USFWS Ecological Services

Mapped Data Products

Short-Tailed Albatross

Datasets for Analysis


Slide16 l.jpg

LOCATION OCSEAP

L2

ENVIRONMENT

L1

LOCATION

L1

Make

Location

L2 (4)

Location

L2 (2)

Great Circle XY Distance Calc

Make

Location

L2 (2)

Make

Location

L2 (1)

Export to Excel

Make

Location

L2 (3)

Copy Distance Calculations

ImporttoAccess

Access Table

Location

L2 (2)

Access Select Query

Excel Spreadsheet

Make Table Query


Slide17 l.jpg

Make OCSEAP

Data Birds

L2 (1)

LOCATION

L2

DATA

L1

Make

Data Birds

L2 (2)

Access Table

Access Select Query

Make Table Query

Make Data Birds

L2 (3)

Numbers/Density

Make Data Mammals

L2 (3)

Numbers / Density

Make Data Birds

L2 (4) Number

Make Data Birds

L2 (4) Density

Make Data Mammals

L2 (4) Number

Make Data Mammals

L2 (4) Density


Slide18 l.jpg

Data Table OCSEAP

Number of Surveys

Number of Transects

Seabird Density

377

57,660

Seabird Number

406

61,195

Marine Mammal Density

377

57,660

Marine Mammal Number

406

61,195

NPPSD Data Tables

Version 1.0


Slide19 l.jpg

Data Set OCSEAP

Number of Surveys

Number of Transects

Shuntov (Russia)

8

2900

Piatt (USGS)

12

1356

Irons (USFWS)

19

5088

Byrd/Piatt (USFWS/USGS)

9

225

Day

8

653

Acquired Datasets


Acquired data sets will fill data gaps l.jpg
Acquired data sets OCSEAPwill fill data gaps

  • Russia

  • Prince William Sound

  • Glacier Bay


Products and collaborations l.jpg
Products and Collaborations OCSEAP

  • Distribution of Black-Footed and Laysan Albatrosses - USFWS and NMFS



Products and collaborations23 l.jpg
Products and Collaborations North Pacific.

  • Distribution of Black-Footed and Laysan Albatrosses - USFWS and NMFS

  • Distribution and density data for Kittlitz’s Murrelet - USFWS for “Petition for Listing”

  • Distribution maps for Kittlitz’s Murrelets - USGS inventory plans for this species



Products and collaborations25 l.jpg
Products and Collaborations North Pacific.

  • Distribution of Black-Footed and Laysan Albatrosses - USFWS and NMFS

  • Distribution and density data for Kittlitz’s Murrelet - USFWS for “Petition for Listing”

  • Distribution maps for Kittlitz’s Murrelets - USGS inventory plans for this species

  • Broad-scale map of Alaskan seabird distribution – MMS to assess environmental risk



Products and collaborations27 l.jpg
Products and Collaborations 1974-1982.

  • Distribution of Black-Footed and Laysan Albatrosses - USFWS and NMFS

  • Distribution and density data for Kittlitz’s Murrelet - USFWS for “Petition for Listing”

  • Distribution maps for Kittlitz’s Murrelets - USGS inventory plans for this species

  • Broad-scale map of Alaskan seabird distribution – MMS to assess environmental risk

  • Developed a database for Short-tailed Albatross (STAL) - USFWS ESO


Products and collaborations29 l.jpg
Products and Collaborations 1974-1982.

  • Distribution of Black-Footed and Laysan Albatrosses - USFWS and NMFS

  • Distribution and density data for Kittlitz’s Murrelet - USFWS for “Petition for Listing”

  • Distribution maps for Kittlitz’s Murrelets - USGS inventory plans for this species

  • Broad-scale map of Alaskan seabird distribution – MMS to assess environmental risk

  • Developed a database for Short-tailed Albatross (STAL) - USFWS ESO

  • Collaborated with George Hunt and Jaime Jahncke (UC Irving) on a presentation at PICES

  • Coauthored the paper “Prey Consumption and Energy Transfer by Seabirds in the Gulf of Alaska” Deep Sea Research II (in press) with George Hunt and Jaime Jahncke of UC Irving


Slide30 l.jpg

Prey Consumption and Energy Transfer by Marine Birds in the Gulf of Alaska

PICES Presentation – Hunt, G.S. et al. 2004

Deep Sea Research II Publication in press 2005


Products and collaborations31 l.jpg
Products and Collaborations Gulf of Alaska

  • Distribution of Black-Footed and Laysan Albatrosses - USFWS and NMFS

  • Distribution and density data for Kittlitz’s Murrelet - USFWS for “Petition for Listing”

  • Distribution maps for Kittlitz’s Murrelets - USGS inventory plans for this species

  • Broad-scale map of Alaskan seabird distribution – MMS to assess environmental risk

  • Developed a database for Short-tailed Albatross (STAL) - USFWS ESO

  • Collaborated with George Hunt and Jaime Jahncke (UC Irving) on a presentation at PICES

  • Coauthored the paper “Prey Consumption and Energy Transfer by Seabirds in the Gulf of Alaska” Deep Sea Research II (in press) with George Hunt and Jaime Jahncke of UC Irving

  • Distribution of pink-footed shearwater for the “North American Conservation Action Plan” prepared by the Commission for Environmental Cooperation


Products and collaborations32 l.jpg
Products and Collaborations Gulf of Alaska

  • Distribution of Black-Footed and Laysan Albatrosses - USFWS and NMFS

  • Distribution and density data for Kittlitz’s Murrelet - USFWS for “Petition for Listing”

  • Distribution maps for Kittlitz’s Murrelets - USGS inventory plans for this species

  • Broad-scale map of Alaskan seabird distribution – MMS to assess environmental risk

  • Developed a database for Short-tailed Albatross (STAL) - USFWS ESO

  • Collaborated with George Hunt and Jaime Jahncke (UC Irving) on a presentation at PICES

  • Coauthored the paper “Prey Consumption and Energy Transfer by Seabirds in the Gulf of Alaska” Deep Sea Research II (in press) with George Hunt and Jaime Jahncke of UC Irving

  • Distribution of pink-footed shearwater for the “North American Conservation Action Plan” prepared by the Commission for Environmental Cooperation

  • Collaborated with Bruce Robson (World Wildlife Fund) on the planned Pribilof Islands Habitat Conservation Area.


Products and collaborations34 l.jpg
Products and Collaborations Gulf of Alaska

  • Distribution of Black-Footed and Laysan Albatrosses - USFWS and NMFS

  • Distribution and density data for Kittlitz’s Murrelet - USFWS for “Petition for Listing”

  • Distribution maps for Kittlitz’s Murrelets - USGS inventory plans for this species

  • Broad-scale map of Alaskan seabird distribution – MMS to assess environmental risk

  • Developed a database for Short-tailed Albatross (STAL) - USFWS ESO

  • Collaborated with George Hunt and Jaime Jahncke (UC Irving) on a presentation at PICES

  • Coauthored the paper “Prey Consumption and Energy Transfer by Seabirds in the Gulf of Alaska” Deep Sea Research II (in press) with George Hunt and Jaime Jahncke of UC Irving

  • Distribution of pink-footed shearwater for the “North American Conservation Action Plan” prepared by the Commission for Environmental Cooperation

  • Collaborated with Bruce Robson (World Wildlife Fund) on the planned Pribilof Islands Habitat Conservation Area.

  • Preliminary assessment of marine bird abundance and species composition in the vicinity of the Selendang Ayu grounding


Slide35 l.jpg

M/V Selendang Ayu Gulf of Alaska

Grounding


Conclusions l.jpg
Conclusions Gulf of Alaska

  • Integration of seabird surveys is a complex process.

  • Retention of original data and format is critical

  • Documentation is a critical aspect

  • The utility of integrated datasets is manifold and unpredictable


What next l.jpg
What Next? Gulf of Alaska

  • Complete integration of acquired data

  • Develop more user friendly interface

  • Identify a host to serve the data

  • Develop a web based GIS interface

  • Hard Copy Atlas


Acknowledgements l.jpg
Acknowledgements Gulf of Alaska

We are grateful to NPRB and NPMRI as well as the USFWS and USGS for funding this research. We thank Shiway Wang, Michelle St. Peters, and Jennifer Wetzal for their tedious work on data entry, proofing, and documentation. Dave Irons, Jay Johnson, Kathy Kulitz, and Shawn Stevenson provide valuable guidance as part of a “NPPSD Working Group”. Dave and Shawn were also invaluable in finding hard copy data sheets and cruise reports for many of the historical USFWS surveys. We also want to thank Bob Day and George Hunt who have been strong supporters of this work and have provided considerable data to the effort.


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