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Projects and Programs that have been Managed for Results Timor-Leste Experience. Emilia Pires Advisor on Development Planning and External Coordination 05 Feb 04. Background: 1999 crisis. 25 years of occupation Vote for independence August 1999

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Projects and programs that have been managed for results timor leste experience l.jpg

Projects and Programs that have been Managed for ResultsTimor-Leste Experience

Emilia Pires

Advisor on Development Planning and External Coordination

05 Feb 04

Background 1999 crisis l.jpg
Background: 1999 crisis

  • 25 years of occupation

  • Vote for independence August 1999

  • Post-ballot destruction (85% public buildings destroyed, state collapse, two-thirds population displaced)

  • Joint Timorese-international assessment mission

    • Produced sectoral plans and budgets: no results target

    • Division of labour: civil service/judiciary versus economic and social reconstruction

    • A good start but………

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Loss of control of reconstruction process during 2000

  • Fragmented aid delivery mechanisms

  • Reconstruction programs moved faster than civil service establishment - therefore lack of Timorese involvement in design and implementation

  • Results not specified clearly, so expectations too high

  • Results not measured - therefore perception that there were no results

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Reconstruction benchmarks

  • Established in late 2000, driven by need to get back on track: focus efforts and measure progress

  • Criteria:

    • frequent achievable targets and monitoring, to build momentum

    • simple user-friendly format, to encourage cabinet and donor ownership

    • political, institutional, economic and social targets - strong links between sectors

Sample benchmarks l.jpg





Public Finance


Social Reconstruction


üTraining Plans completed

o>85% of DG recruited

oPower billing in place

ü2 rounds of immunization done


üVoter registration complete

o>85% of DG recruited

ü20% capital budget

o>Budget spending at least 60%

üEstablishment of for infrastructure regional offices

ühealth administrators recruited

ü600 schools basic level operation


üConstitutional commissions formed

o40% of training delivered

xPlan for rural power station completed

üSchool mapping study completed


üFinalization of party candidates

üOfficial start of 6 weeks election campaign

oPerformance Mgt Training introduced

ü90% level 1-4 recruited

xStudy of power station completed

xPublic Works Office reconstructed

ü37 pre-school ready to open

oHospital reconstruction plan completed

Sample benchmarks

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  • Successfully accelerated pace of reconstruction

  • Became central to government process - introduced accountability in Cabinet and civil service

  • Helped Timorese leadership manage expectations

  • Helped improve Timorese-donor relationships and secured consistent aid flows

  • Created demand for better targets and more information

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  • Developed by small number of Timorese and international partners, endorsed by cabinet members - lack of wider ownership

  • Only measured government, not donors

  • Targets were generally outputs rather than outcomes, not linked to overall development vision

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Next steps – the National Development Plan

  • Comprehensive bottom-up participatory process on vision and priorities, to meet national expectations (full independence May 2002)

  • Baseline data available

  • Reliant on new (weak) government structures and traditional civil society structures. Acted as capacity-building exercise for government

  • Included outcomes, heavily influenced by MDGs……

  • ………..but a christmas tree, lacked clear prioritisation of results and sequencing

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Operationalisation of NDP

  • Transitional support program - “priorities of priorities”, links results to medium-term expenditure framework

  • Monitors both government and donors (budget support, technical assistance)

  • Still short-term and output-based, but much less than benchmarks

  • Work in progress - adapting MDGs to national context, matching targets to resources

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Results frameworks are relevant for post-conflict reconstruction

  • Prioritisation is a particular problem when everything has been destroyed

    - helps government and donors prioritise efforts

  • Expectations are particularly high after peace agreements and pledging meetings

    - helps government and donors manage expectations

  • Government typically has little experience

    - simple management tool for new leaders and civil servants

  • Easier to introduce good systems, transparency and accountability right at the beginning than later

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But are adjustments needed? reconstruction

  • More need for short-term results to stabilise political situation

  • No baseline data ( and cannot do survey as first reconstruction project!), therefore initial results may need to focus on outputs

  • Needs specific capacity-building efforts, simple formats and frequent monitoring with new governments with little experience

  • Needs very strong information campaign to disseminate expected and actual results