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Limited Slip Differentials. Greg Reale. Differentials. What Are They Used For?. Open Slip Differentials: Same amount of torque between each wheel Amount of torque applied is limited Problem Scenarios Slipping on ice Off roading Limited Slip Differentials:

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What are they used for l.jpg
What Are They Used For?

Open Slip Differentials:

  • Same amount of torque between each wheel

  • Amount of torque applied is limited

  • Problem Scenarios

    • Slipping on ice

    • Off roading

      Limited Slip Differentials:

  • Allow different amounts of torque to be applied to each wheel


Types of limited slip differentials l.jpg
Types of Limited Slip Differentials

  • Mechanical

    • Spring-pack and clutches

    • Spring forces side gears against clutches

    • Clutches “fight” each other

    • Torque applied to wheels is same as torque required to overpower clutches


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Types of Limited Slip Differentials

  • Fluid-Based (Viscous Coupling)

    • Links front wheels to back wheels

    • Consists of plates and viscous liquid

    • Viscous liquid transfers torque through plates

    • Viscosity of liquid affects amount of torque


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Types of Limited Slip Differentials

  • Locking

    • Electric, hydraulic, or pneumatic mechanism

    • Activated manually by switch

    • Wheels are forced to spin at same speed

    • For serious off roading

  • TorsenTM

    • Senses difference in torque

    • Uses gears that bind together


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Open Differential

Limited Slip Differential

(Mechanical)


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References

Nice, Karim. "How Differentials Work." Howstuffworks. Howstuffworks. 17 Oct. 2005 <http://auto.howstuffworks.com/differential.htm>.

"Limited Slip Differential." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 04 Oct 2005. Wikipedia. 17 Oct. 2005 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limited_slip_differential>.

"LSD - OEM and Aftermarket Limited Slip Differentials." FAQ. Club 4AG. 17 Oct. 2005 <http://www.club4ag.com/faq%20and%20tech_pages/FAQ.html>.


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