Library Research for ECON 300 Economic Analysis. Charlotte Johnson Jones Reference and Social Sciences Librarian Simpson Library Fall 2006. An (Abbreviated) Search Model*. State your research topic or question. Identify the keywords and/or keyconcepts in your topic.
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Charlotte Johnson Jones
Reference and Social Sciences Librarian
* Adapted from:
Greenlaw, S. A. (2006) Doing economics: a guide to understanding and carrying out economic research. Boston: Houghton Mifflin
Ackermann, E., & Hartman, K. Searching & researching on the Internet and the World Wide Web. Wilsonville, OR: Franklin, Beedle & Associates.
Casinos and the new “what-happens-here stays here” Las Vegas seem to be the hottest places in America these days. Vegas-based reality, travel, and dramatic series are all over cable and the networks. Apparently trying to become a family-oriented theme park in the desert didn’t work out so well for Vegas. (Remember Circus-Circus? And the roller coasters at New York-New York?) It all makes me wonder:
How do casinos affect a local economy?
How do casinos affect a localeconomy?
Let’s assume that if we can find information about casinos and a local economy it will have to do with the relationship between the two. So let’snot use affect as a keyword.
Put each set of synonyms together using OR. “Nest” each set of synonyms in parentheses. Just as in algebra, the parentheses tell the computer to deal with finding the synonyms first. Then link all three concepts together using AND.
(casinos OR gambling) AND (local OR region OR regional) AND (economy OR economic)
Are there any words within each set of parentheses that have the same root? Truncate, or lop-off, the word at the root and add an asterisk to the end. The asterisk is a wildcard that tells the computer to search for all variations of that word. Use the wildcard to search for the singular and plural of a word also. This is the search statement.
(casino* OR gambling) AND (local OR region*) and econom*
Scout around for data sets when refining your topic.
For your ECON300 assignment you will probably either create or locate a data set to analyze, i.e. you need raw data. If you are not going to gather the data yourself (through a survey, for example) be sure that you can actually find the data you will need before your finalize your research question. Remember that most research articles only report the highlights and the author’s own analysis of data. Articles rarely include actual raw data.
ICPSR (See your professor for help.)
Lexis Nexis Statistical (See your librarian for help.)
10K Wizard (See your librarian for help.)
See also Guide to Finding Statisticshttp://www.umw.edu/library/research/guides_to_library_resource/finding_statistics.php
Access EconLit from the library’s home page http://www.library.umw.edu
The EconLit link on the library’s web page opens to Advanced Search.
Use this to change to a completely different CSA database, not a different subject search in EconLit.
Advanced Search “Anywhere” is basically a keyword search.
Notice that this is the only clue you’re searching EconLit. Got your reading glasses?
Limits your search to updates (new records are entered monthly), to references for journal articles, or to English only. Notice there is no limit for full text.
Search Statement: (casino* or gambling) AND (local or region*) and econom*
Notice that you don’t have to worry about parentheses when you enter the search. The search boxes take care of that. And according to the Search Tips the asterisk is, in fact, the wildcard for EconLit.
Click on the underlined number of results on any green tab to “go” and see a subset of results by publication type:
Journals, Peer Reviewed Journals, Books, Book Reviews, and More
Whoa. This search returned 579 records. We’ll look at a way to narrow that down in a minute.
Peer Reviewed Journals is a subset of Journals.
“More >” includes Dissertations, and a miscellany category labeled “Other.”
Click “< More” to see the initial set of results.
“Other” items are usually working papers or book chapters.
Your search terms are in bold italics.
A portion of the abstract: Click View Record or the article title to see the full abstract.
JEL subject headings with three-digit classification codes and CSA standard subject headings are assigned to each item.
Click to see more works by each of these authors.
Notice the descriptors also appear in the record. You can check one or more descriptors to build a new search. Use descriptor searches to narrow, to broaden, or to find related items.
Here’s the complete abstract.
Notice how broad the JEL descriptor that includes gambling is: Sports, Gambling, Recreation, Tourism (L830). No wonder so many results weren’t about gambling at all. Let’s revise our search to control for this.
Do another advanced search. Look for gambling in the descriptors. This will pick up results that have Sports, Gambling, Recreation, Tourism, just as in the first search. Leave the local and economic variables the same.
Add a search row.
Then add casino* with AND. This tells the database only to return Sports, Gambling, Recreation, Tourism items that ALSO have something to do with casinos. Because we have added an additional requirement with AND, we should get many less results.
Unfortunately, there is no full text except for book reviews in EconLit. Click Locate Journal Article to check availability at UMW Libraries.
These results definitely are relevant to our concern about the relationship between casinos and the local economy.
Locate Journal Article (or a link with a similar name in other databases) always opens the same pop-up box specific to UMW Libraries. The citation is automatically entered at the top of the box.
The box shows links to the article in other UMW Libraries online databases. Click to retrieve the full-text.
If the article is not available online, search in the library catalog for the title of the periodical (not the article title).
New policy: 10/$2/10
Mark items on the results screen and click Update Marked List before moving to another screen.
Click Save, Print, Email to manage your results.
Or check here on the individual record screen and click Update Marked List before returning to results.
From Save Print, E-mail, use QuikBib to create a bibliography from your marked items. Choose your citation style from the dropdown menu and click Create.
Dodouble-check references. Notice that CSA automatically inserts a web address for each of these articles. If you didn’t get to the article through that address, don’t leave it in. Put the details of how you accessed each article you got online. And correct the accessed date. Your professor will spot-check details.