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Forest dependency in the Brazilian and Bolivian Amazon. A cre, Brazil. P ando, Bolivia. Map: A. Alencar. Amy Duchelle University of Florida, Universidade Federal do Acre PEN Partners’ meeting, March 25, 2009. ▲. Towns. I. PEN Study – Acre, Brazil and Pando, Bolivia. Acre, Brazil

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Forest dependency in the Brazilian and Bolivian Amazon

Acre, Brazil

Pando, Bolivia

Map: A. Alencar

Amy Duchelle

University of Florida, Universidade Federal do Acre

PEN Partners’ meeting, March 25, 2009


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Towns

I. PEN Study – Acre, Brazil and Pando, Bolivia

Acre, Brazil

4 villages, 58 households (5.4 people/HH)

Pando, Bolivia

8 villages,131 households (6 people/HH)

91

135

140

78

72

150

101

90

215

80

124

400


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II. Household incomes

Brazil

Bolivia


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Brazil

III. Income sources

and seasonality

Bolivia


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IV. Key Forest Products

Cash: 98%

Cash: 92%

Cash: 100%


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IV. Key Products cont.

Cash: 57.5%

Cash: 2.9%


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Income composition and poverty


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Forests and coping with crisis - Brazil


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Forests and coping with crisis - Bolivia


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Forests and proximity to roads / markets


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Interesting findings

1) High relative forest dependency in Pando and Acre

- 89-96% forest cover; extractivist culture

2) Dominance of Brazil nuts in Bolivia

- Yields high profit with low inputs;

- Well-developed middleman system for nuts

- Presence of Brazil nut producers’ cooperatives

3) Similar forest-dependency across wealth groups

- Everyone’s in the forest. High value of Brazil nuts

nearly everyone collects


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4) Greater income diversification in Brazil

* Higher income from livestock in Brazil

- Regional/local demand for cattle (since 1970’s); access

- Cowboy culture

* “Other” category = government aid

* Government subsidies for natural rubber


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