An Update on Material Declaration Standards. Kevin Brady Electronic Information Group Semiconductor Electronics Division [email protected] Legislation Across the Globe. WEEE. RoHS. EuP (Energy-Using Products). Canada. Japan. California SB20/50 ( California version of RoHS).
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(California version of RoHS)
(Chinese version of RoHS)
Acquisition and management of product material information is critical business requirement for multiple reasons:
Required to Prove Compliance with Environmental Regulations:
New laws and regulations designed to protect human health and the environment are being established all over the world.
Non-compliance can result in fines and being banned from markets
To Promote Social and Environmental Responsibility
Consumers now consider environmental aspects when buying products
Companies seeking a competitive advantage are now developing and advertising eco-friendly products
Management of Material Resources
Increasing world wide demand is limiting availability for key resources
Detailed material information will enable companies to manage their costs and find suitable alternatives
RoHS - Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances
bans the placing on the EU market of new electrical and electronic equipment containing more than agreed levels of lead, cadmium, mercury, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyl (PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants.
WEEE - Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment
Sets collection, recycling and recovery targets for all types of electrical goods
Imposes the responsibility for the disposal of waste electrical and electronic equipment on the manufacturers of such equipment
Large household appliances
Small household appliances
IT, telecom equipment
toys and sport equipment
Automatic dispensing machines
Military specific equipment
Products where electricity is not required to fulfill main functionality
A product that is part of another type of equipment
Monitoring and control equipment
32 exemptions presently
Mercury in certain lamps
Lead in glass of cathode ray tubes, electronic components and fluorescent tubes
Lead in solders for servers, storage and storage array systems, network infrastructure equipment
List is changing
Exemptions are reviewed periodically
The International Electronics Manufacturing Initiative (iNEMI) identified material declaration as a major issue in their roadmap
IPC, an industry association for printed circuit board and electronics manufacturing service companies, worked with iNEMI, created IPC 2-18 Supplier Declaration Subcommittee
The resulting standard, IPC 1752, was published in 2006 prior to EU RoHS going into effect and provided the ability to provide multiple levels of declarations including yes/no, Summary (JIG), and full.
IPC 1752 was created to assist the electronics industry in complying with the European Union RoHS directive
Created using the alternative standards development process built around UML
The core of the standard is built around a data model that captures the needs of exchanging product material composition information
NIST developed a PDF based tool to populate the XML structure of IPC 1752, using on Adobe Acrobat Reader
Applying the Approach to an Industry Standard: IPC 1752 Materials Declaration
Helps team envision final result
Ensures designer’s intent is communicated to the development team
Less expensive to improve the model than to improve the thing being modeled, which means more design iterations/money
These ultimately lead to:
Better coverage of the domain space
Deeper understanding of the product
Fewer design gaps during implementation
More maintainable product
A higher quality product overall
Analysis Class Diagram
Design Class Diagram
(PDF, spreadsheet, web page)
Limited multiple part reporting
Only one sub-level within the product
Data authenticity - no XML signature
No language for new legislation
Modular - allows for easy modification to support other types of declarations and new regulations
Support for new legislation - general declaration, no longer focused on RoHS
Multiple parts - more robust support for reporting multiple parts in a single declaration
No forms - work with solution providers to create supporting tools
Improve support for multiple product IDs
Part families - similar
Shopping cart - different
Support for multi-level sub-components
A part is a part is a part
Better BOM integration
Design Model System
Version 1.0 of the 1752 standard included a PDF document designed to provide users with a basic software tool to implement the standard
This tool was removed for version 2.0.
To address this need and to prove the validity of the proposed method a software tool called “Scriba” was developed
Basic details of NIST reference tool – Scriba
Written in Java
Simple tool: Create-Update-Delete
Multiple parts - multiple levels
Generate presentation format
Reference Implementation for 1752
Dissociate tool from data
Need tool for XML files
Additional functionality using full programming environment
Improve performance with large data files
Not limited by page based format
Allows supplier to digitally sign XML file using w3c XML Signature recommendation
The XML Signature is embedded in the document that is signed
Java XML Digital Signature API
Product ID Link System
Material and Process
EuP – Energy Using Products
energy used to produce, transport, sell, use, and dispose of almost every one of its products
Eventually will even include energy to extract raw materials
eco-design requirements for energy using products that must be meet in order to be placed on the market or into service
REACH - Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemical substances
progressive substitution of the most dangerous chemicals when suitable alternatives have been identified
RoHS – Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment
Version 1 – 2006
Version 2 – Announced December 2008, release some time in 2009
WEEE – Waste from Electrical and Electronic Equipment
mandates the treatment, recovery and recycling of electric and electronic equipment
Prevent counterfeiting by unique Product ID
IEC TC111 - Environmental standardization for electrical and electronic products and systems
WG1 - Material declaration for electrical and electronic equipment
Describes the procedure, content, and form relating to material declarations for electrical and electronic products
Covers materials and substances that are present in a supplied product
Product view, not chemical view
Does not cover production chemicals and emissions during manufacturing or use
Will be compatible with IPC 1752
How can STEP take advantage of the IPC Environmental work?
Can we pool efforts with iNEMI/IPC to accomplish work?
RosettaNet already has
3M Technologies S Pte Ltd System
ADC Telecommunications, Inc.
Adiva Technology Inc.
Austin Insulators Inc.
Balda Solutions Malaysia
Carestream Health Inc.
Circuit Connect, Inc.
Datakey Electronics, Inc.
Delta Electronics Thailand
Design Chain Associates LLC
DiSS Technology (HK) Co., Ltd.
EPM Global Service Ltd.
Eastman Kodak Company
Electronic Hardware Corp.
Ellington Electronics Technology
Energy Transformation Systems
These companies (160) indicated that they will support/use the IPC-1752 standard for materials declaration.
Material declaration support for companies using RosettaNet PiP (Partner Interface Process) gateways
Provides necessary information for business transactions between trading partners
2a10 - Design Engineering Information
2a13/15 - Material Composition Information
Designed to integrate with IPC 1752 data (XML or PDF)
Mapping between RosettaNet 2a13/15 and IPC 1752 to improve connection between large OEMs and small & medium businesses
UML Domain Models
175X UML Models
Develop a translation tool to go from UML to EXPRESS