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Global Climate Change Issues: The Middle East. Researched and compiled by Sami A. Habayeb, GEO 109, Winter 2008. The Middle East. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast.asp. Problems in the Middle East. Rise in Sea Surface Temperature Evidence through coral bleaching

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Global climate change issues the middle east l.jpg
Global Climate Change Issues: The Middle East

Researched and compiled by Sami A. Habayeb, GEO 109, Winter 2008


The middle east l.jpg
The Middle East

http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast.asp


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Problems in the Middle East

  • Rise in Sea Surface Temperature

    • Evidence through coral bleaching

  • Rise in Global Temperature

    • Its effects on NAO, and intensity of seasons

  • Rise in Sea level

    • Wipes out cities in: Egypt (most cities), Tunisia, Qatar, Libya, UAE, and Kuwait.


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Coral Bleaching

  • Effects being seen in Aqaba, and east tip of Red Sea.

  • Effects of coral bleaching of fish, and sea ecosystem.


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Water Shortage

  • More intense summers, and more intense winters.

  • Increase in evaporation will reduce water supplies, and intensify rain seasons.

  • Drought and the effect of surface run off on dams and cities.

  • Inefficient use of water irrigation techniques

  • The shortage of fresh water


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Solution to Water Problems

  • General solutions to water problems would be better water irrigation methods.

  • Harvesting rain water.

  • Increase in population means need to be more conservative with water supplies.

  • Awareness to people.

  • Waste water management.

  • Desalination.


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Conclusion

  • Issues affecting Middle East:

    • Increase in sea level, and threat to cities

    • Increase in season intensities, much hotter summers, and more aggressive winters

    • Evaporation of water, its effect on water basins. And threat of famine that is related to water shortage.

  • Methods of Conservation and awareness.

    • Adapting to those changes


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Sources

  • Coral Beaching Picture: http://www.stormcenter.com/media/envirocast/archive/060912/060912_07.jpg

  • Coral bleaching Diagram: http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/__data/assets/image/0006/13749/Bleaching-and-mortality-dia.gif

  • Climate.org: http://www.climate.org/2002/topics/climate/impacts_me.shtml

  • IRIN: http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=77062

  • The world bank

  • Papers:

    • Nature: Increased seasonality in Middle East temperatures during the last interglacial period, Felis Thomas, march 2004

    • Social Science Research Network: Climate Change and Water Resources in the Middle East: Vulnerability, Socio-Economic Impacts, and Adaptation, El-Faddel, Bou-Ziad, 2001


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