The Food System and Human Security Confronting Hunger and Biological Threats in a Time of Global Change Bryan McDonald School of Social Ecology and University of California, Irvine Changing Security Landscape A number of forces are dramatically changing the global security landscape.
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The Food System and Human SecurityConfronting Hunger and Biological Threats in a Time of Global Change
School of Social Ecology and
University of California, Irvine
Our world is organized into around 200 sovereign states, but many of the urgent security challenges we face are transnational in terms of both their structure and their impact.
“Security has far too long been interpreted narrowly: as security of territory... or as protection of national interests... or as global security from the threat of nuclear holocaust.... Forgotten were the legitimate concerns of ordinary people who sought security in their daily lives.”
- UNDP, 1994
Human security is a concept that can recover the earlier on-the-ground focus of the state’s security practices.
Human security involves:
Consider evolving relationship between hunger, disease, and security using examinations of current food security challenges including:
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS,1991, 1996, 2004
(*BMI 30, or about 30 lbs overweight for 5’4” person)
No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% ≥25%
2. Infectious Disease
1346-1350 - Bubonic plague killed 1/3 of Europe’s population
1500-1900 - 93+ epidemics of European diseases decimated the native population of North America
1918 - Avian influenza pandemic sickened 40 percent of global population, killed 20 million
From Theory to Reality: SARS
3. Accidental Contamination
1985 – Salmonella in milk sickens 170,000 in U.S.
1994 – Salmonella in ice cream mix sickens over 220,000 people in 41 U.S. States
4. Biological Weapons