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Intersection: Plants & Medicine. Plants – A source for meds. Herbs - Ingestion or use of the plant itself Herbal medicine - medicinal agents obtained by processing or concentrating plant products Prescription drugs – plant substances processed and altered. Herbs. Easy to obtain

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Intersection plants medicine l.jpg

Intersection: Plants & Medicine


Plants a source for meds l.jpg

Plants – A source for meds

  • Herbs - Ingestion or use of the plant itself

  • Herbal medicine - medicinal agents obtained by processing or concentrating plant products

  • Prescription drugs – plant substances processed and altered


Herbs l.jpg

Herbs

  • Easy to obtain

  • No processing

  • Safety – high

  • Efficacy – variable, generally mild effects


Coffee coffea arabica c canephora l.jpg

Coffee Coffea arabica, C. canephora

Beverage

Stimulation

Antioxidant

Appetite stimulant

Gastritis

Withdrawal

Found everywhere


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Blueberries Vaccinium corymbosum

Urinary infection

Cancer protection

Diabetes

Common cold

Antioxidant

Diarrhea

Tasty

Safe

None


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Chamomile Matricaria recutita

Sedation, calming

Antioxidant

Quite safe

Valium

Xanax

Ativan


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Dandelion Taraxacum officinale

Diuretic

Stimulate digestion

Laxative

Safe

Lasix

HCTZ


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Green Tea Camellia sinensis

Antioxidant

Cancer prevention

Weight loss

Lowers Chloresterol

Increases energy

Safe

None


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Aloe Aloe Vera

Burns

Psoriasis

Fresh food preservative

Wound healing

Antibacterial

Safe

Multiple commercial products


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Herbal Medications

  • Over 500 herbal products marketed as plants, teas, powders, liquids extracts, tablets.

  • Natural products – are they safe? Are they effective?

  • Marketed as dietary supplements. Not regulated except if proven unsafe. No standardization of product


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Echinacea Echinacea purpurea

Immune system stimulation

Cuts cold time in half

Allergic reactions

Worsen diabetes

GI disturbances

Worsen HIV, TB, MS and similar diseases

(None)


Garlic allium sativum l.jpg

Garlic Allium sativum

Hypertension

Reduction of Chloresterol

Lowers HBP

Digestive aid

Cancer protection

Nausea

Sweating

Smell bad

Abnormal Coagulation

Lopid

Zocor


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Ginkgo Ginkgo Biloba

Improves cognition & memory

Improves peripheral circulation

Headaches

Dizzyness

Nausea

Coagulation defects

No effect on Alzheimers

Aricept, Namenda


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Ginseng Panax quinquefolius, P. Ginseng

Energy booster

Enhance physical, sexual, mental performance

Nervousness,Excitation

Insomnia

Allergies

Diarrhea

Depression

Hypertension

Coagulation defect

Studies equivocal

Cortisone


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Saw Palmetto Serenoa repens

BPH

Anti-inflammatory

GI cramping

Libido loss

Breast tenderness

Minimally effective

Avodart

Proscar


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Ephedra Ephedra sinica

Asthma

Common Cold

DANGEROUS

Strokes, Seizures

Psychosis

Heart rhythm abnormality

Heart Attacks

Ephedrine

Epinepherine

Norepinepherine


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St. John’s Wort Hypericum perforatum

Depression

Alters drug levels

Allergic reactions

Generally safe

Paxil, Prozac


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Valerian Valeriana officinalis

Sedation; insomnia

Nervousness

Fatigue

Nervousness

Prolongs effect of

Tranquilizers & alcohol

Valium

Xanax

Ativan


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Peppermint Mentha × piperita

Irritible Bowel

Topical – shingles

Colic

Muscle relaxant

Liver disease

Menthol

Menthone


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Dangerous Herbs

  • Belladonna

  • Clematis

  • Lithospermum

  • Mandrake

  • Mistletoe

  • Pomegranate

  • Snakeroot


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Prescription Drugs

  • Proven effective

  • Standard & predictable dosing

  • Herbal medicines proven effective are now prescription drugs

  • Do not contain contaminants

  • (Not natural)


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Psyllium Plantago Ispaghula

Constipation

Irritable bowel syndrome

Effective

Many OTC laxatives


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White Willow Salix Alba

Arthritis Pain

Less effective than ASA

Aspirin


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Foxglove Digitalis purpurea

Heart failure

Rhythm abnormalities

Prescription only

Digoxin, digitec


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Penicillin Penicillium notatum

Effective antibiotic

Prescription drug

Pen V

Ampicillin

Amoxacillin


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Morphine Papaver somniferum

Pain treatment

Controlled substance

Morphine

Codeine


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Pacific YewTaxus brevifolia

Breast cancer

Lung cancer

Ovarian cancer

Prescription Drug

Tamoxifen

Paclitaxel


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Illicit Drugs

  • Opium

  • Heroin

  • Cocaine – actually a controlled drug

  • Methamphetamine

  • Marijauana


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Conclusion

  • Natural does not equal safe.

  • Natural does not equal effective.

  • Herbal medicines may not be drugs but do have a pharmacological effect.

  • Plants have a huge impact on human health

  • Recognize to take a herbal medicine is to get an effect, not just a food supplement.


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If you decide to use a herbal drug

  • Purchase the best quality available

  • Before taking the drug decide just what benefit you hope to see.

  • Be aware of potential side effects.

  • Stop the drug if 1) you don’t perceive the benefit you expected. 2) you experience side effects.

  • Don’t expect any long term benefits.


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What should I purchase?

Obtain herbal medicine from a supplier with a good reputation.

Thorne Research, Inc.

www.thorne.com (208) 263-1337Email info@thorne.com


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