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Intersection: Plants & Medicine. Plants – A source for meds. Herbs - Ingestion or use of the plant itself Herbal medicine - medicinal agents obtained by processing or concentrating plant products Prescription drugs – plant substances processed and altered. Herbs. Easy to obtain

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Plants a source for meds l.jpg
Plants – A source for meds

  • Herbs - Ingestion or use of the plant itself

  • Herbal medicine - medicinal agents obtained by processing or concentrating plant products

  • Prescription drugs – plant substances processed and altered


Herbs l.jpg
Herbs

  • Easy to obtain

  • No processing

  • Safety – high

  • Efficacy – variable, generally mild effects


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Coffee Coffea arabica, C. canephora

Beverage

Stimulation

Antioxidant

Appetite stimulant

Gastritis

Withdrawal

Found everywhere


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Blueberries Vaccinium corymbosum

Urinary infection

Cancer protection

Diabetes

Common cold

Antioxidant

Diarrhea

Tasty

Safe

None


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Chamomile Matricaria recutita

Sedation, calming

Antioxidant

Quite safe

Valium

Xanax

Ativan


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Dandelion Taraxacum officinale

Diuretic

Stimulate digestion

Laxative

Safe

Lasix

HCTZ


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Green Tea Camellia sinensis

Antioxidant

Cancer prevention

Weight loss

Lowers Chloresterol

Increases energy

Safe

None


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Aloe Aloe Vera

Burns

Psoriasis

Fresh food preservative

Wound healing

Antibacterial

Safe

Multiple commercial products


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Herbal Medications

  • Over 500 herbal products marketed as plants, teas, powders, liquids extracts, tablets.

  • Natural products – are they safe? Are they effective?

  • Marketed as dietary supplements. Not regulated except if proven unsafe. No standardization of product


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Echinacea Echinacea purpurea

Immune system stimulation

Cuts cold time in half

Allergic reactions

Worsen diabetes

GI disturbances

Worsen HIV, TB, MS and similar diseases

(None)


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Garlic Allium sativum

Hypertension

Reduction of Chloresterol

Lowers HBP

Digestive aid

Cancer protection

Nausea

Sweating

Smell bad

Abnormal Coagulation

Lopid

Zocor


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Ginkgo Ginkgo Biloba

Improves cognition & memory

Improves peripheral circulation

Headaches

Dizzyness

Nausea

Coagulation defects

No effect on Alzheimers

Aricept, Namenda


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Ginseng Panax quinquefolius, P. Ginseng

Energy booster

Enhance physical, sexual, mental performance

Nervousness,Excitation

Insomnia

Allergies

Diarrhea

Depression

Hypertension

Coagulation defect

Studies equivocal

Cortisone


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Saw Palmetto Serenoa repens

BPH

Anti-inflammatory

GI cramping

Libido loss

Breast tenderness

Minimally effective

Avodart

Proscar


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Ephedra Ephedra sinica

Asthma

Common Cold

DANGEROUS

Strokes, Seizures

Psychosis

Heart rhythm abnormality

Heart Attacks

Ephedrine

Epinepherine

Norepinepherine


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St. John’s Wort Hypericum perforatum

Depression

Alters drug levels

Allergic reactions

Generally safe

Paxil, Prozac


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Valerian Valeriana officinalis

Sedation; insomnia

Nervousness

Fatigue

Nervousness

Prolongs effect of

Tranquilizers & alcohol

Valium

Xanax

Ativan


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Peppermint Mentha × piperita

Irritible Bowel

Topical – shingles

Colic

Muscle relaxant

Liver disease

Menthol

Menthone


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Dangerous Herbs

  • Belladonna

  • Clematis

  • Lithospermum

  • Mandrake

  • Mistletoe

  • Pomegranate

  • Snakeroot


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Prescription Drugs

  • Proven effective

  • Standard & predictable dosing

  • Herbal medicines proven effective are now prescription drugs

  • Do not contain contaminants

  • (Not natural)


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Psyllium Plantago Ispaghula

Constipation

Irritable bowel syndrome

Effective

Many OTC laxatives


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White Willow Salix Alba

Arthritis Pain

Less effective than ASA

Aspirin


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Foxglove Digitalis purpurea

Heart failure

Rhythm abnormalities

Prescription only

Digoxin, digitec


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Penicillin Penicillium notatum

Effective antibiotic

Prescription drug

Pen V

Ampicillin

Amoxacillin


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Morphine Papaver somniferum

Pain treatment

Controlled substance

Morphine

Codeine


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Pacific YewTaxus brevifolia

Breast cancer

Lung cancer

Ovarian cancer

Prescription Drug

Tamoxifen

Paclitaxel


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Illicit Drugs

  • Opium

  • Heroin

  • Cocaine – actually a controlled drug

  • Methamphetamine

  • Marijauana


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Conclusion

  • Natural does not equal safe.

  • Natural does not equal effective.

  • Herbal medicines may not be drugs but do have a pharmacological effect.

  • Plants have a huge impact on human health

  • Recognize to take a herbal medicine is to get an effect, not just a food supplement.


If you decide to use a herbal drug l.jpg
If you decide to use a herbal drug

  • Purchase the best quality available

  • Before taking the drug decide just what benefit you hope to see.

  • Be aware of potential side effects.

  • Stop the drug if 1) you don’t perceive the benefit you expected. 2) you experience side effects.

  • Don’t expect any long term benefits.


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What should I purchase?

Obtain herbal medicine from a supplier with a good reputation.

Thorne Research, Inc.

www.thorne.com (208) 263-1337Email [email protected]


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