Emergency Situations and Injury Assessment . Chapter 7. The Emergency Plan. Have an Emergency Plan & Practice It! Pre determined actions in the event of an emergency: who will take charge, who will control crowds, who will call ambulance
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Have an Emergency Plan & Practice It!
Considerations in Development
SHOCK is a generalized inadequacy of blood flow throughout the body to the extent of minimal to extreme tissue damage.
The vascular system loses its capacity to hold the fluid potion of the blood due to dilation of blood vessels leading to disruption of osmotic fluid balance.
Thus, plasma leaks into tissue spaces resulting in stagnation and slowing of blood flow causing decreased oxygen to tissues leading to eventual death.
Hypovolemic = blood lost from trauma, internal or external bleeding, or lost plasma as in crush or burn injuries
Respiratory = lungs unable to supply enough O2 to circulating blood, pneumothorax
Neurogenic = general dilation of blood vessels thus the normal six litres of blood can no longer meet O2 demands
Psychogenic = caused by fainting often from fear, sudden dilation of blood vessels causes decreased O2 to brain
Cardiogenic = failure of heart to pump enough blood to the body
Septic = occurs from sever bacterial infection
Anaphylactic = results from severe allergic reactions from food, insect bites, drugs, inhalants such as dust, pollens or other chemicals
Metabolic = untreated diabetes, extreme loos of bodily fluids through diarrhea, vomiting or urination