domestic water carriers
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Domestic Water Carriers

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 16

Domestic Water Carriers - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 484 Views
  • Uploaded on

Domestic Water Carriers. Significance of the Industry. Transport roughly 14% of total national freight 26.5% of total domestic ton-miles Employ close to 200,000 Average compensation = 47,000. Types of Carriers. Private Carriers Cannot be hired

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Domestic Water Carriers' - DoraAna


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
significance of the industry
Significance of the Industry
  • Transport roughly 14% of total national freight
  • 26.5% of total domestic ton-miles
  • Employ close to 200,000
  • Average compensation = 47,000
types of carriers
Types of Carriers
  • Private Carriers
    • Cannot be hired
    • Only transport freight of company that owns/lease the vessel
types of carriers4
Types of Carriers
  • For-Hire Carriers
    • Charge fee for their service
    • Exempt from economic regulation when transporting dry & liquid bulk commodities
    • Vast majority of freight transported meets this definition
    • Hence, most of the for-hire carriers are exempt
types of carriers5
Types of Carriers
  • Regulated For-Hire Carriers
    • Economic regulation administered by the STB
    • Only about 300 carriers
    • Classified as either common or contract carriers
types of carriers6
Types of Carriers
  • Internal Carriers
    • Operate on U.S. Rivers & lakes (primarily the Great Lakes)
    • Principal waterways (rivers)
      • Mississippi
      • Ohio
      • Tennessee
      • Columbia
      • Hudson
      • Tenn-Tom Waterway
types of carriers7
Types of Carriers
  • Costal Carriers
    • Operate along coasts (Atlantic, Pacific, & Gulf of Mexico)
    • Use oceangoing vessels primarily
    • Some oceangoing barges used (18,000 ton capacity)
distribution of ton miles
Distribution of Ton-Miles
  • Exempt, For-Hire
    • Coastal = 34.7%
    • Internal = 58.3%
    • Great Lakes = 7.0%
  • Regulated, For-Hire
    • Coastal = 25.5%
    • Internal = 56.9%
    • Great Lakes = 17.6%
  • Private
    • Coastal = 87.0%
    • Internal = 10.1%
    • Great Lakes = 2.7%
domestic ton miles by type of service
Domestic Ton-Miles by Type of Service
  • Exempt, For-Hire = 73.1%
  • Regulated, For-Hire = 4.5%
  • Private = 22.4%
general service characteristics
General Service Characteristics
  • Commodities Hauled
    • Dry bulk (coal & coke) = 28.3%
    • Petroleum (& related) = 24.4%
    • Food & farm = 14.4%
    • Chemicals = 8.4%
    • Iron ore, iron & steel = 4.7%
    • All other = 19.8%
general service characteristics11
General Service Characteristics
  • Length of Haul
    • Internal carriers average haul 482 miles
    • Great Lakes carriers average 508 miles
    • Coastal average 1652 miles
  • Load Size
    • Barges normally transport 1000 – 1500 tons (max capacity 3000 tons)
      • Equivalent to 16 railcars or 60 trucks
    • Great Lakes carriers average 20,000 tons
general service characteristics12
General Service Characteristics
  • Low-Cost Service
    • Primary advantage
    • Lowest cost mode for shipment of non-liquid products (1997 averages below)
      • Barge per-ton fees = $0.73
      • Rail per-ton fees = $2.40
      • Truck per-ton fees = $26.12
      • Oil pipelines per-ton fees = $1.37
general service characteristics13
General Service Characteristics
  • Speed of Service
    • Transit time longest of the 4 modes that move non-liquids
    • Speeds average between 5 – 10 miles per hour (upstream vs. downstream)
  • Service Disruption
    • Ice
    • Hurricanes
types of vehicles
Types of Vehicles
  • Tanker
    • Largest ship in domestic water industry
    • 18,000 – 50,000 tons
  • Barge
    • Most commonly used vessel by internal waterway carriers
    • Powerless (towed by a tugboat)
    • 1500 – 3000 tons
terminals
Terminals
  • Most often provided by the public
  • Local government agencies operate ports and storage facilities
  • Some private firms invest in own terminals
    • Grain, coal, oil
  • Containerization critical
cost structure
Cost Structure
  • Approximately 15% of costs are fixed
  • Remainder (85%) are variable
    • Labor represents approximately 20% of operating costs
    • Ships typically consume more fuel per mile than all the other modes (0.0128 miles per gallon)
    • Note that despite using more fuel on a per mile basis, water transporters use less overall fuel than other carriers
    • Thus, on a fuel per ton-mile basis, water is the most fuel-efficient
ad