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1/9/07 Agenda Introduction Pass out Course Syllabus Review Syllabus Check out Textbooks Activity/Lecture: Constitutional Beginnings. Pass out/Review Course Syllabus. Check out Textbooks Textbook policy: you must bring them to class each time. Activity: A world without government

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1/9/07 Agenda

Introduction

Pass out Course Syllabus

Review Syllabus

Check out Textbooks

Activity/Lecture: Constitutional Beginnings



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Check out Textbooks

Textbook policy: you must bring them to class each time.


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Reflection:

How did loss of sight change your behaviors?


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  • John Locke

    • State of Nature: rights to life, liberty, property

    • Reason for Government: to protect citizens. Citizens give up some freedoms in exchange for this protection

    • Note: Locke believed the right to property>right to life.


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II. Rousseau

A. State of Nature: there is physical freedom, but we are little more than animals, slaves to our own instincts and impulses.

B. Reason for government: to create restraints that prevent people from harming others. Monarchy is the best form of government

C. Anyone acting against the public good should be executed. Public good>private property.


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III. Thomas Hobbes

A. Life without rules is “short, nasty, and brutish” (Leviathan)

B. People need absolute monarch to keep control and safety


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IV. Montesquieu

A. Pioneered “separation of powers”


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V. The Renaissance and Enlightenment

A. Time in which scientific reasoning was applied to social science as well.

VI. Magna Carta: the first document that subjected rulers to laws

VII. British Parliament

A. Bicameral legislature, English Bill of Rights


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VIII: Separation of Powers

A. By dividing authority into three equal branches of government, the delegates at the constitutional convention sought to prevent tyranny


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IV. Federalism

A. When a constitution divides powers between a central government and sub-divisional governments.

B. Alternatives

1) Unitary

2) Confederation


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VII: Why Federalism?

A. Failures of the Articles of Confederation

B. Prevents growth of tyranny

1. James Madison, Federalist 10

C. Unity without uniformity

D. Encourages experimentation

1. States as “laboratories”

E. Keeps government closer to the people.


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VIII: Constitutional Structure of Federalism

A. Express Powers: specifically granted to one of the 3 branches of government.

B. Implied Powers: inferred from express powers

C. Necessary and Proper Clause

D. Inherent Powers: grow from the very existence of national government.


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Homework

  • Read pages 6-15 in the textbook.

  • Take at least one page of notes for pages 6-15

  • Quiz on reading Thursday

  • Bring Hardball and 5 Steps to a 5 study guide Thursday

  • Tear-offs due Thursday

  • Spirals due Thursday


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