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A Presentation on Mining Risks in the Philippines - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Philippines Overview. WATER 7000 ISLANDS MINDORO MINDANAO. ESTIMATED 15,000 SPECIES OF PLANTS, 50% ARE ENDEMICS. Extent of Forest Cover Loss in the last 100 years. Less than 6% of original forests remains Source: Environmental Science for Social Change, 1999. Earthquake Potential.

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Philippines Overview

  • WATER

  • 7000

  • ISLANDS

  • MINDORO

  • MINDANAO



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Extent of Forest Cover Loss in the last 100 years

Less than 6% of original forests remains

Source: Environmental Science for Social Change, 1999


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Earthquake Potential

RING OF FIRE

MOUNTAINS

+

HIGH RAINFALL

+

LOSS OF FOREST COVER

+

SESIMIC ACTIVITY

+

OPEN CAST MINING

+

INDUCED SESIMIC ACTIVITY

CAN =

DEATH AND DISTRUCTION


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Philippine mineral reserves:

Gold

  • Copper

  • Nickel

  • Chromite

  • Iron

  • Bauxite

  • Marble

  • limestone

  • Mining Threats to Biodiversity

  • 117 important biodiversity areas.

  • 18 are threatened by existing mining permits*,

  • 17 by active TLAs**, and 2 by both.

  • 82 are potentially threatened by revitalized mining industry.

  • 3rd in the world for Gold -1Gm= 3-6 Tons waste

  • 4th in the world for Copper

  • 5th in the world for Nickel

  • 6th in the world for Chromite


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Midsalip Case –Home Of The Subaanan and Endangered Philippines Eagles

  • 70% of Philipino’s depend upon Agriculture and Fishing for survival

  • The Midsalip farmland is currently well irrigated on rich volcanic soil with terraced productive rice fields.

  • The proposal is to destroy, the sacred Mt. Pinukis mountain, through open cast mining and deposit the mine waste, soil & (tailings) in the rice fields.

  • People have made legal complaint


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Midsalip Case – Mining Applications Philippines Eagles

  • Midsalip 70 - 75% of municipality under application for mining exploration permits by 7companies

  • It is a microcosm of what is happening in other areas,


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Midsalip Case - Location Philippines Eagles

The proposed mining sites are the source of tributaries for rivers and creeks for 3 provinces.


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Philex Mining - Libay Philippines Eagles

  • Between Oct 1999 – 2002, mud slides from mine site destroyed rice fields, trees & houses

  • Mud reached 200 meters out to sea.

  • People were afraid to buy fish

  • Mangroves died & coral, fish and shell fish were killed

  • Mercury levels monitored were 400 times the norm.

  • The mine was closed because of protests but may be opened again.

  • Since the mine stopped the mangroves have been replanted and the sea is starting to recover?


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TVI – Mt Canatuan Philippines Eagles

  • US REPORT DATED 6TH DECEMBER 2006 REVEALS WIDESPREAD FAILURE TO KEEP MINES FROM POLLUTING WATER

  • 76 % OF MINES EXCEEDED WATER QUALITY STANDARDS

  • 93% OF MINES NEAR GROUND WATER HAVE POTENTIAL FOR ACID DRAINAGE OR CONTAMINENT LEACHING

  • RECOMMENDS PREVENTION OF CONFLICTS- OF- INTEREST BETWEEN MINERS AND CONSULTANTS


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Mt Canatuan - TVI Case Philippines Eagles

  • DESTRUCTION OF FOREST

  • AND FARM LAND

  • NOTICE DEPTH OF SOIL AND AMOUNT BEING EXCAVATED



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CREW MINE MINDORO 20 YEARS

The mining site on Mindoro is in the headwaters of Ibulo, Aglubang and Buraboy, tributary rivers to Mag-asawang Tubig


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SUBMARINE TAILINGS DISPOSAL 20 YEARS

(OUT OF SIGHT OUT OF MIND)

  • 4million tons of mine waste will be dumped through submarine tailings disposal annually in Mindoro waters threatening the marine resources!


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Continuing Risk and Continuing Damage 20 YEARS

Tapian Pit of Marcopper

1993 collapse of

Maguila-guila dam

Contaminated Mogpog River

1996 collapse of drainage tunnel released 1.6 million cubic meters of toxic mine tailings in Boac River


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SILTATION/SEDIMENTATION 20 YEARS

ALL SEA AREAS INCLUDING CORAL REEFS AND DEEP RIFTS CAN BE DAMAGED BADLY BY MINE POLLUTION


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Philippines Fish Life 20 YEARS

  • about 4,000 species in the Indo-Pacific region

  • 2,177 recorded species in the Philippines (Herre,1953)

  • 1,300 species coral reef and reef-associated species

  • 225 deep sea species

  • 75 open sea – pelagic species

  • 385 estuarine and coastal non-reef associated species

  • 170 freshwater species


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Mining consistency with Development Goals? 20 YEARS

  • The World Bank highlights that its ‘successful development will depend very much on improving environmental and social practices which caused substantial problems in the past’.

  • The lack of adherence to international best practices is blatant in the Philippines and appears to be worsening

  • DISADVANTAGES

  • Displacement of long term employment in agriculture and fisheries

  • Irreparable environmental damage to biodiversity and endemism

  • Accidents, floods, damaging land and marine resources

  • Risk of increased/induced seismic activity

  • Reductions in long term sustainable Agriculture and Tourism Industries

  • Destabilization of indigenous communities

  • Militarization and human rights abuses

  • Unproven macro economic benefits – export led, repatriation of profits, low taxes and high incentives

  • Potential distortion of exchange rates – Dutch disease

  • Destabilization of communities, conflicts, health risks, damage to livelihoods

  • Increased Corruption

  • Reduction in number of small scale miners

  • ADVANTAGES

  • Short term employment

  • Increased exports and FDI

  • Potential tax revenue

  • Benefits for mining companies


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Recommendations: 20 YEARS

  • All PARTIES

    • Adhere to the recommendations of the Extractive Industries Report 2004

  • GOVERNMENT

    • Give priority in all planning to protecting the rights to livelihood and subsistence of the poor and marginal and develop in a sustainable manner.

    • With Draw all Mining Applications In Critical Watercatchments, Important Agriculture or Marine Eco Systems or Areas of Conflict --- No Riverine And Marine Tailings Disposal

    • 2 Protect Natural Resources for Future Generations - Population 150 Million 2030

    • ADOPT a STRATEGIC APPROACH INCLUDING (SEAs) for ISLANDS where mining is proposed

    • Revoke Mining Act- Mining Sector Review- Enforce National Laws & International Standards

    • Stop Extrajudical Killings

    • Halt erosion of IPRA and protections afforded to indigenous peoples such as FPIC.

    • DENR- Remove Conflict of Interest between Licensing and Enforcement- Let other Ministries

    • Enforce Laws - EPA- Health


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Recommendations: 20 YEARS

  • WORLD BANK AND FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

  • The World Bank Group- Finance a Mining Sector Review and SEAs – Mandate- MDGs Adhere to the EIR recommendations and strictly adhere to the IFC safeguards and other internal Bank safeguards and procedures

  • Investors don’t Invest In Mining until Laws are Respected and Controls are In Place

    • Get Independent Inspection Before Investment.

    • Ensure Compliance - National Laws and International Mining Standards

  • MINING COMPANIES

  • Withdraw all Mining Plans which will severely damage the Environment or Human Rights

  • (Crew Withdraw from Mindoro) All Miners Withdraw from Midsalip Etc.

  • RESPECT ALL LAWS & International obligations and FOLLOW INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS AND BEST PRACTICE including re corruption and in the avoidance of association with paramilitaries and HR abuses

  • NGOs & GOVERNMENTS

  • Support expansion of independent monitoring of mining

  • To improve access to justice for all including if necessary up to the level of international arenas


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    Human Rights: Context 20 YEARS

    • Extrajudicial Killings: since 2001 estimated at over 800

      • At least 11 of these associated with mining.

    • Corruption: Transparency International described the Philippines in 2004 as suffering from ‘rampant corruption’.

      • According to a 2005 EC report on the Philippines corruption has been ‘traditionally notorious’ w.r.t. mining concessions

    • Indigenous peoples: Over 10 million in the Philippines

      • Mostly living in the uplands due to generations of settlers and logging activities encroaching on their lands

      • Overlap with areas where mineral deposits are located

        • 16 of 24 Priority Mining projects are on indigenous lands

      • Mining poses a threat to their survival as peoples


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    Free from Manipulation 20 YEARS

    Free

    Prior

    Informed

    Consent

    Prior to operations

    Consent or Rejection based on consensus of all

    Adequately

    Informed

    Indigenous People Rights Act (IPRA) & Free Prior Informed Consent (FPIC)

    • IPRA enacted in 1997

    • It recognizes Indigenous Peoples right to Self-Determination and their rights to Native Title

    • It requires that no mining permits can be issued without the FPIC of indigenous peoples impacted


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    Systematic undermining of IPRA and the FPIC process: Midsalip & Mindoro

    • Repeated attempts to engineer consent. Tactics include:

      • Misrepresentation,

      • Bribery,

      • Misinformation

    • Erosion of IPRA’s protections including FPIC.

    • Indigenous peoples fear for their livelihoods, food security and their very existence.

    Mt Pinukus - range of mountains

    Held sacred by the Subaanen People


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    Example of Effects - Mt Canatuan Midsalip & Mindoro

    • Mt Canatuan - ancestral domain of Subanon people and their sacred mountain

      • Dubious acquisition of land and mineral rights without consent

        • Created divisions within community and undermined the Subanon traditional structures and practices posing threat to their cultural survival.

      • Desecrated their sacred mountain.

      • Evicted people from their homes - 40 Families directly affected.

      • Damaged livelihoods and caused health impacts.


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    Mt Canatuan - History of Human Rights Violations Midsalip & Mindoro

    • Violence and intimidation by security forces resulting in an atmosphere of fear

    • 169 heavily armed guards financed by TVI

      • Concerns raised by investigations

        • Philippines Human Rights Committee, Canadian Parliamentary Committee, Philippines Congress.

      • Complaints made by Subanon at the UN

    • UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of Indigenous Peoples

      • ‘Militarization of indigenous areas is a grave human rights problem’


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    Recommendations Midsalip & Mindoro

    • The following are a subset of the recommendations pertaining to indigenous peoples

    Survival of and respect for Indigenous Peoples

    GOP* & Companies

    1) Halt Extra-judicial killings, 2) Eliminate use of paramilitaries 3) Tackle corruption

    World Bank

    Adhere to EIR findings and ensure strict adherence to IFC guidelines

    EU

    Use good offices to encourage dialogue &

    adherence to

    legal protections

    GOP

    1) Halt the erosion of IPRA and FPIC. 2) Support traditional

    Indigenous structures

    NGOs and Govt’s

    1) Ensure the provision of independent advice

    2) Establish a credible independent monitoring body

    3) Ensure access to justice

    *GOP: Government of the Philippines


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