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Montreal 2004 Measuring the Impacts of Science. The articulation of the Spanish Food Innovation System: measurement of the impacts fostered by the Spanish Food Technology Programme. Fernando Jiménez Sáez Dr. Elena Castro Martínez.

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Montreal 2004

Measuring the Impacts of Science

The articulation of the Spanish Food Innovation System: measurement of the impacts fostered by the Spanish Food Technology Programme.

Fernando Jiménez Sáez

Dr. Elena Castro Martínez

what do we mean by articulation
Articulation reflects the relationships between the different elements of the Innovation System (National/Regional/Sectoral)

Why is this interesting?

It is an objective of both the National R&D Plan and the National Technology Food Programme

Relationships are a key element for the existence and of any Sectoral (National/Regional) Innovation System

There is a need for new indicators in the Economics of Technical Change

What do we mean by articulation?
main research question
Main Research Question
  • How can we measure the capacity of a nationwide R&D Public Policy to promote relationships among the Innovation System agents?
    • This means:
    • Reproducible
    • Based on both qualitative and quantitative information
    • Dynamic explanation
    • Impact evaluation
the lack of coherence where and why
Policy design: it follows a linear model approach, technology push approach.

Policy objectives: some follow a neoclassical approach (market failure) some others a structuralist-evolutionary approach (institutions)

Policy implementation: tools are used again in a neoclassical fashion

Impact evaluation of the policy: so far, it is non existent

Hence: we find several problems in assessing the articulation fostered with this policy

The lack of coherence: where and why
the analytical framework for articulation
The analytical framework for articulation

Public Research Institutions

Firms in the FBS

The SFTP

Concerted Projects

R&D Projects

PETRI Actions

Bilateral Contracts

approaches to the topic
Callon’s Techno-economic approach: observation between and within units of analysis

Advantages: characterisation of interactions among units of analysis useful to structurally characterise economic sectors and networks

Drawbacks: not easily reproducible

Network Analysis: quantitative observation of units of analysis before and after

Advantages: indicator based on relationship variables

Drawbacks: not dynamic measure

Approaches to the topic
our approach
Economic evaluation of outputs

Statistical descriptive analysis: input and output variables

Bibliometric analysis of publications: scientific results

Structural analysis of relationships

Monitor and trace trajectories: analysis of relationship tools

Characterisation of interactions: role of interface structures

Programme’s Management Evaluation

Personal interview to the Programme’s managers: role of the main interface structure managing the NFTP

Our approach
the data
Quantitative data from the Programme’s tools

Quantitative data from publications (FSTA Database)

Quantitative data from bilateral contracts between CSIC research groups and firms from the Spanish Food and Beverage Sector

Qualitative data from interviews with researchers participating in the SFTP

The data
some results so far 1
Some results so far (1)

Regarding the Economic Evaluation of outputs

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Some results so far (2)

Regarding the Economic Evaluation of outputs

some results so far 4
Regarding the Evaluation of Articulation

Few articulation has been found. Mismatch between industry needs and research groups interests. Only specific cases under specific circumstances

Few continuity in collaborations between firms and research groups after having collaborated in the NFTP

No trace of research results transfer in the medium run

Regarding the Evaluation of the Management Structure

Lack of both human and financial resources

Lack of co-ordination among three different management structures

Same managerial style applied to the heterogeneous scientific community

Some results so far (4)
some conclusions
In the specific case of the SFTP very little articulation has been found, despite the initial and promising expectations of researchers.

WHY?

Funding has been one of the barriers (Relationship tools)

… BUT

There are other barriers: communication, bureaucracy, etc. The role of the Interface Structure is key to overcome these barriers.

The lack of coherence between policy formulation and policy implementation make difficult the analysis of articulation.

The methodology to structurally evaluate a R&D Public Policy of a peripheral region, like Spain, must count on both the assessment of the “Relationship Tools” and the role of the “Interface Structures”.

Some conclusions
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INGENIO - UPV

Camino de Vera s/n

46022 Valencia

España

[email protected]

Montreal, 17th-18th June 2004

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