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THE REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Title. THE REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON:. AN ATTRACTIVE DESTINATION FOR AGRIBUSINESS INVESTORS. Agricultural potentials of Cameroon. Potentials for dev't of EDV for local markets and export. Presented by Dr. S. Manga Owona. At the Cameroon-Angola Agrifood meeting (May 2009). Contents.

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Agricultural potentials of Cameroon

Potentials for dev't of EDV for local markets and export

Presented by Dr. S. Manga Owona

At the Cameroon-Angola Agrifood meeting (May 2009)

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  • Natural agricultural potentials of Cameroon(2)

  • Available dynamic human resources(1)

  • Enhanced infrastructure for industrial development(3)

  • A land of peace and political stability(1)

  • A facilitated foreign investment policy(1)

  • Scaling-up / propagation(1)

  • Hybrid seed mass scale productions(1)

  • Growing / production of fresh products(2)

  • Industrial transformation of raw materials(1)

  • Breeding locally for locally grown crop varieties(3)


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Agricultural potentials of Cameroon

Cameroon is situated in the Gulf of Guinea

Surface area: 475,000 sq. km.

Population: 16,000,000

Steady water drainage from several main rivers and regular rainfall

Leading economy in a region of 30,000,000 people (possibly 95,000,000 people)

Revenues from agricultural products made up 42.5% of GDP in 2006

70% of population active in agriculture

Agricultural products make up 30 % of export revenue

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Natural agric potentials of Cameroon

Five ecological zones in Cameroon

1- The soudano-sahelian zone (Maroua, Garoua)

2- The high guinea savannah zone (Wakwa – Ngaoundéré)

3- The western high plateau zone (Bambui – Mankon)

4- The humid forest monomodal zone (Ekona)

5- The humid forest bimodal zone (Nkol bisson – Yaoundé)

  • Information developed in

  • regional agricultural research centers:

  • Agronomic history

  • Potential genetic variation in land races

  • Climatic

  • Geological

  • Hydrology

  • Ecological

  • Potential biotic and abiotic stresses

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Some facts on Cameroon


Sub-saharan Africa


Total cropland (000 ha), 1999




Hectares of cropland per 1,000 population, 2006




Arable & Permanent Cropland as a Percent of Total Land Area, 2003




Number of tractors, 1997




Percent of GDP Generated from Agricultural Activities, 2006




Agricultural workers as a percentage of the total labor force, 2006




Source: index of agricultural production

Not exclusively mentioned the large surface areas, well drained flat lands of

mbam division very suited for mechanized agriculture ideal for massive crop

Productions as required for growing of bio fuels or seed oil

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Dynamic / trained human resources

Training of staff abroad & locally since independence

University Centers trained agronomic / agro food engineers, scientists

& technicians since mid 70’s

Currently; 7 Universities in Cameroon offer Masters degrees in several

fields of agriculture & food transformation industry

Cameroon has the highest literacy rate in Africa (Unicef figures)

There is therefore enough competent staff in Cameroon

Ordinary people are creative and hardworking

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Dynamic / trained human resources

Talking about the ingenious people of Cameroon

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Land of peace & political stability

You hear a lot more about the Indomitable Lions than Cameroon itself

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Infrastructure for industrial development

Cameroon has a coast line of 403 km long with practicable seaports at

Douala and Kribi plus one in project at Limbé; thus readily accessible by ship

Douala seaport is the major port of entry for imports to Cameroon and the

entire central African region including Central African Rep., Chad, & Eq. Guinea

Three international airports strategically located at Douala, Yaoundé, & Garoua have facilities for airfreight.

In addition, there are over 50 small airports and airstrips, nine of which have permanent-surface runways

Regional capitals, industrial/commercial port cities are linked by good roads

A railway links the southern to the northern parts and the republic of Chad:

goods are distributed from regional warehouses at Ngaoundéré railhead

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Unique strategic location:




Sea route

Air routes

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Infrastructure for industrial development

Internet access has been possible in Cameroon since April 1997

An optic telecommunication fiber runs alongside the Chad – Cameroon

pipeline; enabling quality access to telephone and internet at high speed to

several remote regions of the country

Mobile telephone networks & mobile internet cover the entire territory

and are accessible to all

Electricity and water supply are currently being upgraded to meet new demands

Agricultural development sometimes benefits 30 – 40 % budgetary allocations

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Facilitated foreign investment policies

Attractive legislation for foreign investments

The government withdraws from production, and concerns itself only with

regulations, control, evaluation and supervision of agricultural activities.

The state puts in place an appropriate climate for investment in agro-business.

The state to ensure that partners of the agricultural sector put in place a

mechanism that will guarantee a wider access to agricultural produce,

summarily, conditions of better understanding and of achievement of more

interdependence and mutual benefit.

Economic operators of the agriculture sector are called upon to take their

responsibilities at all stages of seed and crop productions.

Incentives in these legislature include ZERO tax / custom duty on agricultural

machinery & ZERO custom duty on export of agricultural products

The results already attained show that the manager and the farmers are

already conscious and taking advantage of the new situation

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Need for foreign investor impetus

One hand cannot tie a bundle

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Ground activities: Scaling up & propagation

Vast arable land, various microclimates for propagation and mass production

Particularly suitable for companies that seek to:

Produce cuttings for export

Produce cuttings and root them before exporting

Produce cuttings, root them, and cultivate on the spot

Grow in Cameroon, sell in the local market or export

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Ground activities: seed production

Suitable climatic conditions and man power for seed production




Wild rocket





Pakchoi etc..

As well as ornamentals

Mass production of oil seeds for bio fuels

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Ground activities: Growing of fresh products for export

Growing of fruit trees e.g.. papaya, oranges, lemon etc

Other fruits e.g. pineapple, water melon etc

Fresh vegetables for local markets & export

e.g. green beans grown in Cameroon & exported to Europe

Airfreight facilities with daily flights already exist in Cameroon

for freshly produced agric. products

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Ground activities: Industrial transformation on the spot

Investors who can locally transform agricultural raw materials

Annually tons of fruits are wasted e.g. oranges, mango, lemon, exotic fruits,

pineapples, papaya, etc

Local transformation of industrial raw materials from agricultural products e.g.

palm nuts, coco nuts,

Several other industrial transformers of agricultural products will find cheap

raw material in Cameroon and a market for the product in the sub region

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Breeding locally for locally grown crops


Sub-Saharan Africa


Average annual fertilizer use, 1999(thousand metric tons) (2003)




Intensity (kg per hectare cropland)




Pesticide use, 1996-1999 (kg/ha cropland)




Source: index of agricultural products

General lack of information on quality planting material

Good planting material could increase yield averagely by 30%

Traditional farmers cultivate max. 2 hectares a year

Decline in yield often attributed to worsening soil quality

Solution often has been using more fertilizers

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Breeding locally for locally grown crops

State impetus to improve crop production via improvement of seed quality

  • Research objectives were/are to increase crop production and improve the

  • quality of harvest and also to create high yielding varieties.

  • The work had/has four stages:

  • Collection of genetic material for a diversified reservoir of genes;

  • Creating varieties (land races);

  • Producing of pre-basic and basic seeds;

  • Varietal tests in order to evaluate their agronomic potentials.

The private sector is now called upon to take over the production, processing,

packaging, labeling, promotion and marketing of seed.

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Breeding locally for locally grown crops

  • New seed policy

  • Privatization of production and commercialization of planting material;

  • Definition of roles of different partners involved in plant material production

  • and distribution (research, Ministry of Agriculture, private/economic operators);

  • Putting in place an appropriate institutional set-up (legislation and regulation).

  • Within this context, the state focuses on regulations, control of quality, training

  • of seed producers, organization and supervision of seed production and

  • distribution activities.

  • University of Yaoundé I offers a Masters degree in seed technology

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Agricultural potentials of Cameroon

Cameroon has a great potential to be exploited in agricultural production,

seed production, and varietal development

  • the several agro-ecological zones,

  • presence of large surface areas of arable for massive crop production

  • qualified staff / technicians in the area of agricultural research /production, varietal development, seed technology and production

  • the dynamic and peaceful nature of the population

  • readily accessible by air & sea,

  • internal road / rail transportation, telecom, and energy infrastructure

  • several positive results on varietal improvement at the level of research

  • impetus of the state and laws for agribusiness investors

  • area is potentially profitable because of the state withdrawal (liberalization)

  • strategically located to reach immediate local markets of a couple of million

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Thank you


Looking forward to welcoming you in