Remembering Greece © The network of the ancient Greek colonies. By Professor Tomislav Sola Zagreb May, 2009. Starting Facts: why emigration?. Wars and famine at home prompted emigration, and it was also presumed that more land was available in Italy than in Greece.
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Remembering Greece © The network of the ancient Greek colonies
By Professor Tomislav Sola
Wars and famine at home prompted emigration, and it was also presumed that more land was available in Italy than in Greece.
Classical Greece was at the roots and beginning of European civilization. Its expansion all over Mediterranean was a natural consequence of its power, of the spread of its trading routes and the superiority of its military, civil and cultural achievements.
The Ionians were the first Greeks to establish a permanent presence in Sicily, where they encountered an Italic society, the Sicels, hence the Greeks' name for the island, Sikelia.
Many of the greatest Greek myths, and some of the greatest Greek temples and amphitheatres, are Sicilian. Within a few centuries of its foundation, the Sicilian city of Syracuse (Siracusa), the birthplace of Archimedes, came to rival Athens in power and prestige.
A number of other colonies sprung up along the Ionian coast about this time:
A group arrived to found Naxos (near Taormina) around 735 BC. This is believed to be the first permanent Greek settlement in Sicily. What followed was a rapid colonization on a large scale.
This network that could ideally consist of some 200 former apoikai or emporia
which, cummulativelywould create the unprecedented power of public relations for each member of the network.
Zeus and Hera, from Selinus