potential gas export from iran to europe by pipeline
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Potential Gas Export from Iran to Europe by Pipeline

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 17

Potential Gas Export from Iran to Europe by Pipeline - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 355 Views
  • Uploaded on

Potential Gas Export from Iran to Europe by Pipeline. Dr. Narsi Ghorban International Institute for Caspian Studies World Energy Council (German Committee) (DNK Energy Day) 29 th of October 2009 Berlin, Germany. CONTENT. Regional Gas Reserves, Supply and Demand.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Potential Gas Export from Iran to Europe by Pipeline' - Donna


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
potential gas export from iran to europe by pipeline

Potential Gas Export from Iran to Europe by Pipeline

Dr. Narsi Ghorban

International Institute for Caspian Studies

World Energy Council (German Committee)

(DNK Energy Day)

29th of October 2009

Berlin, Germany

content
CONTENT

Regional Gas Reserves, Supply and Demand.

Does Iran have enough gas for all planed domestic and Export projects?

What are the Main Issues that will effect Iranian Gas export projects?

The Potential pipeline Routes for Gas Export to Europe

Main Points

The International Institute for Caspian Studies

slide3
Estimated Gas Reserves and Production in the Caspian RegionSource: BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2009

Reserves at end of 2008 Production ( In Trillion cubic Meters)( In Billion cubic Meters)

  • AZERBAIJAN 1.2 14.7
  • KAZAKHSTAN 1.8 30.2
  • TURKMENISTAN 7.9 66.1
  • TOTAL 10.9 111.0
  • Russia 43.3 601.7
  • Iran* 29.6 130.3*Iran’s reserves are estimated by the Government at around 30TCM Iran’s gas production was over 130 billion cubic meters last year. Iran could become the third largest gas producer in the world in 5 years time.

The International Institute for Caspian Studies

slide4

Basic Regional Gas StatisticsSource: BP Review of world Energy Statistics 2009(Figures in billion cubic meters)

Gas Reserves % of the World % of the MEMiddle East 75,910 41.0 Iran 29,6100 16 39.5Qatar 25,460 13.8 33.5Saudi Arabia 7,570 4.1 9.9UAE____________ 6,430______ ___ 3.5_____________8.4

Gas Production % of the World % of the MEMiddle East 381 12.4Iran 116 3.8 30.5 Qatar 77 2.5 20.0 Saudi Arabia 76 2.5 20.5UAE_____________49 __________ 1.6___________ 13.2__

Gas Consumption % of the World %of the MEMiddle East 327 10.8 Iran 118 3.9 36.1Qatar 20 0.7 6.1Saudi Arabia 78 2.6 23.8UAE 58 1.9 17.7

The International Institute for Caspian Studies

potential gas reserves production and export from caspian region to europe
Potential Gas Reserves, Production and Export from Caspian Region to Europe
  • Potential Reserves Potential ProductionTrillion Cubic Meters Billion Cubic Meters/year
  • Azerbaijan 1.5-2.5 15-20
  • Kazakhstan 2.5-3.5 35-50
  • Turkmenistan 9-10 80 -120
  • Iran 30-35 400–500
  • Potential Direct Export to Europe BCM Azerbaijan 10-12 Iran 30 - 90

The International Institute for Caspian Studies

gas export from iran options to monetize iran s natural gas resources
Gas Export from IranOptions to Monetize Iran’s Natural Gas Resources
  • Domestic Use a)Replace demand for Petroleum Products with gasb) Gas injection in the oil fields (enhance oil recovery)c) Electricity generation using Natural Gasd) Development of Gas Based Industries (Petrochemicals Cement, Iron, Aluminum, Gas to Petroleum Products etc. (These are major priorities of the Government)
  • Natural Gas Export by Pipelinesa) Gas trade by Pipelines to Regional markets (Bahrain, Kuwait, Pakistan, Turkey and UAE)(Priority based on their Strategic and political value as indicated in the long term Energy planning of the Expediency Council)b) Gas Trade by Pipeline to China, Europe and India
  • Liquid Natural Gas (LNG) Trade

The International Institute for Caspian Studies

slide7

Is There Enough Gas for all these Projects?Yes If gas resources are developed quicklyNo if gas resources are developed at current pace

Gas Requirements for all Existing and Planned Projects 2010-2030

SECTORS Trillion Cubic Meters

  • Total Domestic Consumption 5.5–6.0 (Electricity Generation included)
  • Total Injection in the Oil Fields 1.8–2.0(Most of this gas will be recovered)
  • All types of Gas Based Industries 0.9–1.0
  • Export (Pipelines & LNG) 1.8–2.0(Based on current export agreements and MOUs)
  • TOTAL 10–11(Less than 40% of the current total reserves)

The International Institute for Caspian Studies

what are the main issues influencing iran s gas policies and development
What are the Main Issues Influencing Iran’s Gas Policies and Development?

1- Job Opportunity and Expectation

2- The need for Gas Injection for Enhanced Oil Recovery

3- The high Gas Requirement for Domestic Market (Particularly in Winter)

4- Energy prices and Subsidies.

5- Lack of Comprehensive Energy Policy

6- Political Tension with the US

The International Institute for Caspian Studies

the comparison of natural gas transmission costs pipeline lng slide from iran s petroleum ministry
The Comparison of Natural Gas Transmission Costs – Pipeline & LNG (Slide from Iran’s Petroleum Ministry)

The International Institute for Caspian Studies

nabucco pipeline
NABUCCO Pipeline
  • Potential Suppliers are;
  • Azerbaijan
  • Iran
  • Turkmenistan via Caspian Sea or Iran
  • The most Economic way for Turkmenistan to Participate in NABUCCO would be to have gas exchange with Iran. This will save around 3 Billion Dollars

The International Institute for Caspian Studies

slide11

Finland

Norway

Sweden

Denmark

England

Holland

Belgium

Germany

Poland

Czech

Slovakia

Switzerland

Austria

France

Hungary

Portugal

Croatia

Romania

Spain

Bosnia

Serbia

Black Sea

Italy

Bulgaria

Albania

Macedonia

Caspian Sea

Greece

Turkey

Iran

IGAT IX

Cyprus

Mediterranean Sea

Iraq

Assaluyeh

Persian Gulf

Persia PipelineThe Superiority of the Persian Pipeline to the Nabucco Pipelineis that the route of the pipeline is through gas Consumer Countries (Customers) and not through Transit Countries

Slide from Iran’s Petroleum Ministry

The International Institute for Caspian Studies

persian pipeline specifications in iran
Persian Pipeline Specifications in Iran
  • The Pipeline is 1818 Kilometre
  • It Can carry 110 million Cubic Meters of Gas per Day
  • Yearly Export capacity is 35 Billion Cubic Meters
  • The Required Investment for this Pipeline is 6-7 Billion Dollars

The International Institute for Caspian Studies

potential gas export pipeline route to europe eastern europe via turkey
Potential Gas Export Pipeline Route to Europe (Eastern Europe Via Turkey)
  • Length: 5600KM
  • Estimated Investment;Iran~ $7bnTotal~ $18bn
  • The pipeline passes through;TurkeyBulgariaRomaniaHungryAustria

The International Institute for Caspian Studies

potential gas export pipeline route to europe southern europe via turkey
Potential Gas Export Pipeline Route to Europe (Southern Europe Via Turkey)
  • Length: 6200KM
  • Estimated Investment;Iran ~ $7bnTotal ~ $20bn
  • The pipeline passes through;TurkeyGreeceItalySwitzerland

The International Institute for Caspian Studies

potential gas export pipeline route to europe south europe via mediterranean sea
Potential Gas Export Pipeline Route to Europe (South Europe Via Mediterranean Sea)
  • Length: 5700KM
  • Estimated Investment;Iran~ $2bnTotal~ $25bn
  • The pipeline passes through;IraqSyriaGreeceItaly

The International Institute for Caspian Studies

main points
Main Points
  • Iran is by far the largest producer and consumer of gas and gas based products in the ME and the Region after Russia
  • The country is strategically located to benefit from regional and international trade. However domestic and international political and economic considerations has slowed down the development of Iranian gas industry and consequently it has deprived Iran from gaining its right place in the world gas business.
  • If Political and Structural Problems are solved, Iran could become the second largest producer of gas in the coming 15 years after Russia. It would be capable of meeting its domestic gas demand without interruption and have a good share of the world gas business.
  • There are several Routes for export of gas from Iran to Europe which includes passing through Turkey or via Iraq and Syria to Greece. Greece, as the nearest European country to Iran has a very important role to play in the coming years.
  • Persian Pipeline and Nabucco are currently the most likely scenarios
  • Nabucco is well Established but without Iranian Gas it may not be as successful as envisaged.
  • Persian Pipeline may have gas but it lacks the international backing and the Consortium needed

The International Institute for Caspian Studies

main points cont
Main Points (cont)
  • The main challenges for the implementation of these Pipelines are Structural, Financial and Political.
  • Adequate legislation in Iran as well as the Region is Needed.
  • Private Sector in Iran and all the Transit Countries must be given a role and encouraged to get involved in the gas business in general and the formation of the Consortium for Gas Export to Europe
  • Gas Producers must structure a meaningful long term Price Formula for Gas and Long Term Security of Supply
  • Consumers must give assurances of the Long Term Security for Demand and Security of Investment.
  • Transit Countries must be Financially involved to give Long Term Security of Transit

The International Institute for Caspian Studies

ad