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Open Access progress in the Nordic Countries. Berlin 3 Open Access, Feb 28th – Mar 1st 2005, University of Southampton, UK – Lars Björnshauge, Lund University Libraries, Sweden. Denmark (DK) Finland (SF) Norway (N) Sweden (S). Denmark. Denmark.

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Open access progress in the nordic countries l.jpg

Open Access progress in the Nordic Countries

Berlin 3 Open Access,

Feb 28th – Mar 1st 2005, University of Southampton, UK –

Lars Björnshauge,

Lund University Libraries, Sweden

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  • Denmarks Electronic Research Library (DEF)

    • Supported by the Ministry of Research, the Ministry of Education & The Ministry of Cultural Affairs

    • Special programme area 2004-2005:


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The Vision

  • return science to the scientists –

    • Contribute to creating organisational, economic and technological frames for internationally orientated scholarly communication, so that universities and public sector research institutions and not commercial publishers are primarily considered

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Action lines he greatest possible extent

  • Standardisation, rights issues, communication with scholars, decision makers and authorities

  • Storage of e-published information (preservation)

  • Institutional Repositories

  • Scientific Journals

  • Preprints, reports etc.

  • The Danish National Research Database

  • Research Portal

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Finland he greatest possible extent

Slides prepared Prof. Bo-Christer Björk

chairman of the FinnOA working group

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The Finnish situation he greatest possible extent

  • Inflow of publications from abroad

    • Making OA material more visible in the portals of Academic libraries

  • Publications by Finnish academics

    • Supporting the creation of Finnish institutional repositories

    • Populating them with output by Finnish academics

  • OA-journals published in Finland

    • Creating an infrastructure so that journals can go electronic using OA business models

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FinnOA working group (2003) he greatest possible extent

  • Main achievements of FinnOA

    • National seminar on OA in January 2004 with 230 attendents, good press coverage

    • Managed to persuade the Ministry of Education to establish formal OA committee

    • Seminar on Institutional repositories in January 2005


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Finland: Institutional repositories he greatest possible extent

  • A couple of already functioning IRs

  • A lot of interest in establishing

  • Discussions about co-operation starting

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Finland: OA journals he greatest possible extent

  • Around 70 peer reviewed journals published in Finland

  • Many receive subsidies from the Academy of Finland

  • Of the journals 9 are OA

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”National policy situation” he greatest possible extent

  • High level ministry work group appointed in September 2004 by the Minister of Education

  • Has completed its work in February 2005

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Ministry OA work group members he greatest possible extent

  • Top ranking civil servant in charge of Finnish Science policy as chairman

  • Head of the Academy of Finland (biggest funding agency of basic science in Finland)

  • Chairman of the council of University vice-chancellors

  • Vice-chancellor of the University of Helsinki

  • Etc.

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Ministry OA work group results he greatest possible extent

  • 30 concrete recommendations to

    • Research funders

    • Universities and public research institutes

    • Individual researchers

    • Scientific journals and societies

    • Libraries

    • The ministry of education

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Recommendations in a nut-shell he greatest possible extent

  • Both OA journals and posting in OA repositories recommended

  • No absolute mandating, only recommendations

  • Recommends that the Academy and the universities collectively sign the Berlin declaration

  • Costs for author charges to OA-journals will be allowable costs

  • Funding is likely to be made available for setting up IRs and for converting scientific Journals to OA

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Norway he greatest possible extent

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Norwegian Council for Higher Education - he greatest possible extentrecommendations for the membership institutions 1:

  • Research results should be made publicly accessible

  • Publishing in Open Access Journals should be exploited

  • Authors should retain rights for parallel publishing

  • Funding should be made available for publication charges – should be considered as an integral part of research

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Norwegian Council for Higher Education - he greatest possible extentrecommendations for the membership institutions 2:

  • Develop guidelines for payment of publication charges

  • Parallel publishing in IR or other OA-solutions should be mandatory

  • Universities should work together in developing publishing facilities

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IR at Norwegian Universities he greatest possible extent

  • Oslo, Trondheim & Bergen – in operation - different technical solutions

  • Tromsö – under development

  • 20 University Colleges – a number of developments are underway – often in cooperation

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Sweden he greatest possible extent

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Association of Swedish Higher Education (SUHF) - he greatest possible extent

  • Recommends the membership institutions to establish conditions forcreatingprofessional,publishing serviceswithinuniversities and university colleges

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SUHF will he greatest possible extent

  • Draft and implement new intellectual property rights agreements, securing that researchers can publish, disseminate and archive publications on university servers (institutional repositories)

  • Investigate and evaluate current research assessment and merit systems

  • Promote alternative approaches based on university publishing and other initiatives for open access publishing (BOAI 1 & 2)

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SUHF he greatest possible extent

  • Task force decided

  • Intellectual property rights agreements out for hearing

  • Common format for publication databases out for hearing

  • Initiate discussions with research councils/funders about issues related to OA

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SUHF he greatest possible extent

  • Has signed the Berlin Declaration (Oct. 2004)

  • Has raised the issues of scholarly communication and open access for the Swedish Research Council

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The SVEP-project he greatest possible extent

  • a Swedish national project aiming at coordinating and supporting e-publishing activities at universities and university colleges in Sweden.

  • collaboration between a number of Swedish university and university college libraries and coordinated by the Royal Library.

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The SVEP-project he greatest possible extent

  • The main areas of work:

    • interoperability, preservation, dissemination and advice as to which software to use for institutional repositories.

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Creating Awareness: he greatest possible extent

  • Swedish Resource Center for Scholarly Communication

    • A cooperative network of librarians, researchers, decision makers operated by Lund University Libraries funded by the National Library

    • Arranging seminars, initiating discussions


    • On-line journal: Sciecom Info

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General observations as to OA in the Nordic Countries 1 he greatest possible extent

  • Awareness on Government level:

    • SF (DK , S)

  • Research councils aware:

    • SF (S)

  • Researchers & university decisions makers aware:

    • Increasingly so in all countries – but still lots to do!

  • Standardization – linking National Research Databases with IR´s:

    • DK, N & S

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General observations 2 he greatest possible extent

  • Migrating journals to OA:

    • SF (DK)

  • Development of IR´s

    • All countries

  • Content (filling the IRs):

    • Primarily dissertations

    • Thesis – Sweden, distributed solution with integrated search interface

    • Preprints etc. – very slow

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Read more he greatest possible extent

  • Sciecom info – - november 2004 - special issue on Nordic developments in e-publishing

  • [email protected]