Country Presentation: Bangladesh. Developing a Regional Workshop for the CDM in the Asia Pacific Region 30-31 March 2006. In 2002, for the first time in Bangladesh UNDP under a project (funded by Thematic Trust Fund) assisted the government of Bangladesh to promote CDM. Major activities were:
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Developing a Regional Workshop for the CDM in the Asia Pacific Region
30-31 March 2006
Intervention of UNDPDevelopment Phase of CDM in Bangladesh
UNDP also facilitated the process of linking investor and building trust in first 2 projects.
RESULTDevelopment Phase of CDM in Bangladesh
Less Attractive to Investors: Country Risk & Lack of Trust
Delayed project implementation process: Different from Conventional Project Approval Method
Landfill Gas Extraction and Utilization at the Matuail Landfill site, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Composting of Organic Waste in Dhaka, Bangladesh
Spreading more than 40 Disease
Methane Emission (Green House Gas)
3200 tons/ day
Municipality Collects & transports1200--1400 tons/ day
40% of total generated waste
Crude unsanitary dumping method
Polluting Ground & Surface WaterWhy this Project?
Land Fill Gas Recovery
700 ton/day capacity Composting Plant
CDM Projects to Solve the Waste Disposal Problem
Disposed by Crude
Costing US $
2.1 million /Year
1200 Tons/ day
700 Tons/day organic waste
Collected for Composting project
CDM Scenario of two projects (LFG and Composting Project in Dhaka
Baseline Scenario before CDM Projects
Complying with the MDG
Attracting Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)
Reducing poverty by creating 1000 new jobs for urban poor
Reducing ground and surface water pollution thus reducing health hazards
Reducing Solid Waste Management cost of municipalities
Providing safe and better working condition for the informal sector
IMPACT OF THE PROJECT
Raises public awareness on Solid Waste Management and recycling
Enhancing the life of the Dumpsite upto 2020
Reducing Green House Gas
Complying with four out of eight of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), such as poverty reduction, promoting gender equality and women empowerment, ensuring environmental sustainability and developing global partnerships for development.
Providing 3-6 MW power to the city and producing 51000 tons of organic fertilizer per year.
Helping poor farmers and Improves the organic matter content of the soil
Composting of Organic Waste in Dhaka, Bangladesh
End of 1st Part
The government has set up a two tier Designated National Authority (DNA)
The first tier, located at the Ministry of Environment and Forest, is the secretariat or operational body of the DNA- performs all CDM related activities including giving preliminary approval of CDM projects through the CDM Committee.
The second tier, known as the CDM Board- gives the final endorsement of the approved projects. The Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister is head the CDM Board. Since the Principal Secretary has jurisdiction over all secretaries of different ministries of the government, it is expected inter-ministerial coordination will be easily achieved.
Apart from establishment of DNA, the government has also established national procedures for evaluation and approval of CDM projects and developed interim sustainable development criteria for the evaluation of CDM projects.
The Government plans for a study on National Strategy for the Development of CDM. The study will assess the issues and opportunities presented by potential international markets for GHG (greenhouse gases) offset through the CDM, and to evaluate processes and methodologies to facilitate implementation of CDM in Bangladesh.
Methane recovery from landfill with or without electricity generation
Composting of urban solid waste
Biogas from a wide variety of wastes, such as (a) poultry droppings (b) tannery waste (c) effluent from food processing industries (d) human excreta, and (e) sewage, to replace fossil fuel directly or after electricity generation
Solar home systems in off grid areas
Efficient brick manufacturing
CERs (CO2 eq. Emission Reduction (tons)
SHSs in rural off-grid areas
Total 60,750 tons CO2 Equivalent in eight years
US $ 15.33 million
Efficient lighting in rural areas (using CFL)
total 39,353 tons CO2 Equivalent in eight years
US $ 3 millionOther Pipeline CDM Projects
Presently 2 large-scale and 9 small scale projects under pipelines and 1 under validation.
2 Energy Sector Projects Developed by Bangladesh Center for Advanced Studies
Develop national capacities (both public and private) on CDM modalities, opportunities and procedures
Other Government Institutions
Potential private sector and NGO leaders
Improve the capacities of national professionals on CDM technical issues, baseline studies, research and monitoring.
Technical assistance to project participants in project preparation, developing business plan and making CERs purchase agreement with potential investors and buyers.