Why Vaccination? Vaccines control diseases and can protect individual animals from illness and death. Outline of Presentation What vaccines do How vaccines work Dog and cat vaccination Vaccination! What Vaccines do: Increase Resistance to Infection
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Vaccines control diseases and can protect individual animals from illness and death.
There are many ways to improve general health:
Vaccinations help both you and your best friend stay safe.
Protect everyone who is vaccinated
Target specific diseases
possible number of
individuals in the
population at risk.
no more frequently than
Vaccines consist of killed or weakened microbes that stimulate the immune system so it will be prepared to defend your body against these diseases.
Microbes grown on suitable medium
Purified to remove compounds that could cause allergic reactions
(not always possible)
How Vaccines Work
the immune system to recognize the infectious agent and to produce antibodies to the disease.
So what’s an antibody?
An antibody is a protein (called immunoglobulin) that can destroy infectious microbes by making it more easy for white blood cells to capture and destroy the microbes.
2. Antibodies recognize the invaders and attach to the microbes
1. Microbes such as bacteria invade the body
4. White Blood Cells come and destroy the invading microbes
3. Antibodies send signals to attract the White Blood Cells, the defending cells in the body.
Weakened (Modified Live) Vaccines
Produced by weakening a live vaccine or removing it’s disease-causing ability.
These vaccines are produced
by killing the infectious agent.
more vaccinations several
weeks apart must be given
to achieve protection.
Vaccination for Dogs & Cats
Vaccines have saved the lives of millions of dogs and cats by protecting them against diseases.
Before the days of effective vaccines, dogs routinely died from distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, parvovirus and complications of upper respiratory infections such as kennel cough.
nutrition information that you can’t
get from pet stores.
Pets that visit the veterinarian once a
year are healthier, happier, and live longer.
Not every dog or cat needs the same set of vaccinations.
Pet owners should work with their veterinarians to design a vaccination schedule for each pet based on age, health status, reproductive status, and environment.
Anaphylaxisis a rare, life-threatening, immediate allergic reaction. The most common symptoms are the sudden onset of diarrhea, vomiting, seizures, coma, and shock. The animals' gums will be very pale, and the limbs will feel cold.
If this occurs, take your pet to the nearest veterinary clinic or emergency animal hospital immediately.