Popular culture and communication CMN2180. Florian Grandena, PhD. The emergence of cinema Different hypotheses Cinema emerged thanks to ‘commercial and technological activities of the industrial, capitalist societies’ of the time (p.5).
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CMN2180. Florian Grandena, PhD.
These three forces led to the creation of a cinema that was ‘collective, non-linear and non-standardised’ (p.7).
Thomas Edison invented the kinetograph and the kinetoscope in 1887. Popular in public amusements, these machines allowed only one person to view ‘animated photographs’.
(Bordwell and Thompson, Film History: an Introduction, p.823).
From the mid / late 1940s, audiences and profits started to decline. Here are some explanations: