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Discovering the Unseen World Toby Considine Co-Chair oBIX Technical Committee Systems Specialist blog: www.NewDaedalus.com The engineered world is invisible and uncontrollable Established business practices limit information sharing. Lack of interoperability of information wastes energy

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Discovering the Unseen World

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Discovering the unseen world l.jpg

Discovering the Unseen World

Toby ConsidineCo-Chair oBIX Technical Committee

Systems Specialistblog: www.NewDaedalus.com


The engineered world is invisible and uncontrollable l.jpg

The engineered world is invisible and uncontrollable


Established business practices limit information sharing l.jpg

Established business practices limit information sharing.


Lack of interoperability of information wastes energy l.jpg

Lack of interoperability of information wastes energy


We can no longer afford to make decisions about capital facilities that are not fact based l.jpg

We can no longer afford to make decisions about capital facilities that are not fact based


Information standards will give us visibility and interoperability l.jpg

Information standards will give us visibility and interoperability


Traditional practices do not share information across design construction and operation l.jpg

Traditional practices do not share information across design, construction, and operation


Every stage of building acquisition is in its own silo l.jpg

Every stage of building acquisition is in its own silo

  • Current manufacturing is 66% value added, 26% waste and 12% support.

  • Current construction is 10% value added, 57% waste and 33% support.

  • NIST identified 16 Billion annually in value lost due to non-interoperability of information


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Design intents are lost before design


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Energy models are extrinsic to design processes


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Conflicts are not addressed prior to construction.


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Performance and green principles cannot just be bolted on


Use intrinsic energy models to commission the design l.jpg

Use intrinsic energy models to commission the design


Commission buildings to the standard of the energy model l.jpg

Commission buildings to the standard of the energy model


Continuously commission buildings to perform as designed l.jpg

Continuously commission buildings to perform as designed


An integrated information model enables new results l.jpg

An integrated information model enables new results


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Single model reduces cost while speeding construction


Transfer operating information from design to operations l.jpg

Transfer operating information from design to operations


Create feedback from actual operations to future designs l.jpg

Create feedback from actual operations to future designs.


Higher performing buildings require interoperable interfaces l.jpg

Higher performing buildings require interoperable interfaces


Control protocols are for domain experts only l.jpg

Control Protocols are for domain experts only


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Control systems are too complex to integrate into operations


Monolithic protocols make system interactions too complex l.jpg

Monolithic protocols make system interactions too complex.

HTML

IMAP / POP3

SMTP

TELNET

URIs

ASCII / Unicode

TCP

IP


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Without nuanced security, systems cannot interact


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Interoperable standards create opportunity for service definition


Can my system defend its mission l.jpg

Can my system defend its mission?


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Interoperability allows site-based system selection


What could you do if your building was part of your soa l.jpg

What could you do if your building was part of your SOA?

Presentation Layer

5

Integration Architecture

(Enterprise Service Bus)

QoS, Security, Management &

Monitoring (Infrastructure Service)

Data Architecture & Business Intelligence

6

7

8

4

Business Process

Process Choreography

Services

3

Atomic and Composite Services

Components

2

Enterprise Components

Existing Application Resources and Assets

1

Package

Custom

Application

Industry

Models

Custom

Application

Package

Composite service

Atomic service


Without situation awareness services must limit interaction l.jpg

Without situation awareness, services must limit interaction


System integrators must define systems roles l.jpg

System integrators must define systems roles


Federated identity management ties my identity to my role l.jpg

Federated Identity Management ties my identity to my role


Abstraction and security enable interaction l.jpg

Abstraction and security enable interaction


Smart buildings need partners to solve the biggest energy issues l.jpg

Smart buildings need partners to solve the biggest energy issues.


Buildings that are not responsive are not efficient l.jpg

Buildings that are not responsive are not efficient


40 of energy in north america is used by building operations l.jpg

40% of energy in North America is used by building operations.


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Buildings do not interact with their tenants


Responsive buildings can save 25 50 of their energy use l.jpg

Responsive buildings can save 25%-50% of their energy use


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The power grid operates under 1930’s business models.


30 days of use is summed and you can read it two weeks later l.jpg

30 days of use is summed and you can read it two weeks later


If you can t control load make sure there is always too much l.jpg

If you can’t control load, make sure there is always too much


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Two-way communication will enable the building to respond


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Live markets in energy can improve performance dramatically


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Open meter standards enable exchange of live use data


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Building agents can respond to prices to solve grid congestion


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Only coordination that is simple and secure will scale


Poor data sharing in capital assets are at the heart of some very large societal problems l.jpg

Poor data sharing in capital assets are at the heart of some very large societal problems.


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We need new business practices based upon information sharing.


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We can apply best practices from IT to acquisition and operation of capital assets.


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Building information stewardship and open agent-based interfaces bring the hidden world of embedded systems into open and effective use.


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Questions?

Toby.Considine@unc.edu

blog: www.NewDaedalus.com


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National Building Information Model Standard (NBIMS)

  • www.facilityinformationcouncil.org/bim

  • www.buildingsmartalliance.org

  • www.opengeospatial.org


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Open Building Information Exchange (oBIX)

  • http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/tc_home.php?wg_abbrev=obix

  • http://sourceforge.net/projects/obix/

  • https://sourceforge.net/projects/obix-server/

  • http://groups.google.com/group/obix-developers


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GridWise Architectural Council

  • http://www.gridwiseac.org/

  • http://www.gridwiseac.org/pdfs/interopframework_v1.pdf

  • http://www.grid-interop.com/2007/agenda/default.asp


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General

  • www.AutomatedBuildings.com

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demand_response

  • http://www.thegreengrid.org/home


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