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Nutrition Diet The food and drink that we regularly choose to consume. Nutrition Eating foods that your body needs to grow, develop, and/or work properly. Nutrients The substances in foods that your body needs to grow. The 6 Major Nutrients: Carbohydrates Fats Protein Vitamins

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Nutrition

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Nutrition


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Diet

  • The food and drink that we regularly choose to consume.


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Nutrition

  • Eating foods that your body needs to grow, develop, and/or work properly.


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Nutrients

  • The substances in foods that your body needs to grow.


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The 6 Major Nutrients:

  • Carbohydrates

  • Fats

  • Protein

  • Vitamins

  • Minerals

  • Water


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Carbohydrates

  • The starches and sugars that provide the body with most of its energy.

  • There are 2 types: Simple and Complex

  • Simple Carbs: in fruit, sugar, and milk

  • Complex: in starchy foods and veggies

  • Purpose?- They provide fiber and help with digestion

  • 55% of our calories should come from carbs


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Fats

  • Are a source of energy and are essential for vital body functions

  • Purpose?- they insulate the body, cushion body organs, promote healthy skin and normal growth.

  • Found in butter/margarine, whole milk, egg yolks, cheese, and salad dressings

  • Saturated Fats vs. Unsaturated Fats

    • Solid vs liquid


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Protein

  • Build, maintain, and repair body cells and tissues (mainly muscles)

  • Found in- meat, fish, eggs, nuts, cheese, and dry beans

  • Made up of amino acids (the building blocks of proteins)

  • Complete Proteins vs. Incomplete Proteins-have all amino acids vs. lack at least 1 essential amino acid


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Vitamins

  • Substances needed in small quantities that help regulate body functions.

  • 2 groups: Water Soluble vs. Fat Soluble

  • Water Soluble can’t be stored in the body- need to be eaten daily

  • Fat Soluble can be stored in the body until needed

  • Found in: veggies, fruits, whole grain breads, and fortified milk


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Minerals

  • Elements needed in small quantities for sturdy bones and teeth, healthy blood, and regulation of daily elimination

  • Found in: whole grains, fruits, peas, spinach, raisins, and milk


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Water

  • The most common nutrient

  • Makes up about 60% of the body

  • Functions?- carries nutrients through the body (Water Slide), helps digestion, removes waste from the body, lubricates joints, keeps the body from overheating


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Goal?

  • Eating a balanced diet

  • (the appropriate amount of each nutrient on a daily basis)


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RDA

  • RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowances)

    -guidelines for the amounts of vitamins, minerals, protein, etc. you should get from the food you eat.

  • DAILY VALUE: daily % of what you should have each day

    % of Daily Values for nutrients listed on food labels (nutrition labels).

    http://www.dietfacts.com/fastfood.asp


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McDonalds BIG MAC


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Wendy’s Frosty (Large)


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Taco Bell:

Beef Soft Taco


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POP TART ACTIVITY

  • Serving Size (don’t be tricked)

  • Daily Values (fat, cholesterol, etc.)

  • Fiber, Sugar, etc.


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