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Leadership. Leadership versus Management leader? manager?. Leadership. Definition: "Leadership is a function of knowing yourself, having a vision that is well communicated, building trust among colleagues, and taking effective action to realize your own leadership potential.“

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leadership
Leadership
  • Leadership versus Management
    • leader?
    • manager?
leadership1
Leadership
  • Definition:
    • "Leadership is a function of knowing yourself, having a vision that is well communicated, building trust among colleagues, and taking effective action to realize your own leadership potential.“
          • Warren Bennis, Ph.D., is University Professor and Distinguished Professor of Business Administration at the University of Southern California
    • "Leadership is the process of persuasion and example by which an individual (or leadership team) induces a group to take action that is in accord with the leader\'s purpose, or the shared purposes of all."
          • -John W. Gardner, US administrator; Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare 1965-1968
operational versus strategic leadership
Operational versus Strategic Leadership 
  • Strategic
    • planning for the organization\'s long range development formulating a strategic vision managing the corporate culture
  • Operational
    • process of influencing members of an organization to achieve established long term and short term goals on a day-to-day basis.
leadership2
Leadership
  • THEORY X
    • Human beings have an inherent dislike of work and will avoid it if they can.
    • The only way to get people to work is to control and threaten them.
    • People dislike responsibility
leadership3
Leadership
  • Theory Y
    • Work is as natural as rest or play.
    • If a job is satisfying then it leads to commitment to the organization
    • And good performance.
    • Under the proper circumstances people accept and seek responsibility.
  • Theory X managers elicit theory x behavior because of the way they treat employees.
leadership4
Leadership
  • Flamholtz Leadership Effectiveness
    • Effective leadership depends on using a leadership style that is appropriate to the situation.
  • Factors:
  • 1. The leader’s evaluation of the WORK to be done
  • 2. The leader’s evaluation of the PEOPLE doing the work
  • 3. The leader’s balance between
    • emphasis on Work and
    • emphasis on People
flamholtz leadership effectiveness
Flamholtz Leadership Effectiveness
  • Factors: Evaluation of the Work to be done
    • How complex are the tasks?
    • How much analysis is required in each situation?
    • How well defined / structured are the tasks?
    • How predictable are the conditions that may occur?

CLERICAL TECHNICAL MANAGERIAL

High Structure/

High Predictability

Low Structure/

Low Predictability

flamholtz leadership effectiveness1
Flamholtz Leadership Effectiveness
  • Factors: Evaluation of the People doing the work
    • Level of job autonomy (ability to do the work correctly without close supervision)
    • Depends on:
      • Experience and background
      • Training and education
      • Motivation
flamholtz leadership effectiveness2
Flamholtz Leadership Effectiveness
  • Effective leadership depends on using a leadership style that is appropriate to the situation.
    • Factors: Balance between
      • concern for Work and
      • concern for People
flamholtz leadership effectiveness3
Flamholtz Leadership Effectiveness
  • Leadership Styles
  • Directive (Leader makes the decision alone)
    • Autocratic Declares what is to be done without explanation
    • Benevolent Declares what is to be done with explanation
  • Interactive (Leader makes the decision with input from others
    • Consultative Gets opinions before making decision
    • Participative Discusses alternatives with others before making decision
  • Non-directive (Leader defines the goal and leaves implementation choices to others)
    • Consensus The leader and subordinates have equal voice in making decisions
    • Laissez-Faire The leader delegates the decision making authority.
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