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Leadership. Leadership versus Management leader? manager?. Leadership. Definition: "Leadership is a function of knowing yourself, having a vision that is well communicated, building trust among colleagues, and taking effective action to realize your own leadership potential.“

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Leadership
Leadership

  • Leadership versus Management

    • leader?

    • manager?


Leadership1
Leadership

  • Definition:

    • "Leadership is a function of knowing yourself, having a vision that is well communicated, building trust among colleagues, and taking effective action to realize your own leadership potential.“

      • Warren Bennis, Ph.D., is University Professor and Distinguished Professor of Business Administration at the University of Southern California

  • "Leadership is the process of persuasion and example by which an individual (or leadership team) induces a group to take action that is in accord with the leader's purpose, or the shared purposes of all."

    • -John W. Gardner, US administrator; Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare 1965-1968


  • Operational versus strategic leadership
    Operational versus Strategic Leadership 

    • Strategic

      • planning for the organization's long range development formulating a strategic vision managing the corporate culture

    • Operational

      • process of influencing members of an organization to achieve established long term and short term goals on a day-to-day basis.


    Leadership2
    Leadership

    • THEORY X

      • Human beings have an inherent dislike of work and will avoid it if they can.

      • The only way to get people to work is to control and threaten them.

      • People dislike responsibility


    Leadership3
    Leadership

    • Theory Y

      • Work is as natural as rest or play.

      • If a job is satisfying then it leads to commitment to the organization

      • And good performance.

      • Under the proper circumstances people accept and seek responsibility.

    • Theory X managers elicit theory x behavior because of the way they treat employees.


    Leadership4
    Leadership

    • Flamholtz Leadership Effectiveness

      • Effective leadership depends on using a leadership style that is appropriate to the situation.

    • Factors:

    • 1. The leader’s evaluation of the WORK to be done

    • 2. The leader’s evaluation of the PEOPLE doing the work

    • 3. The leader’s balance between

      • emphasis on Work and

      • emphasis on People


    Flamholtz leadership effectiveness
    Flamholtz Leadership Effectiveness

    • Factors: Evaluation of the Work to be done

      • How complex are the tasks?

      • How much analysis is required in each situation?

      • How well defined / structured are the tasks?

      • How predictable are the conditions that may occur?

    CLERICAL TECHNICAL MANAGERIAL

    High Structure/

    High Predictability

    Low Structure/

    Low Predictability


    Flamholtz leadership effectiveness1
    Flamholtz Leadership Effectiveness

    • Factors: Evaluation of the People doing the work

      • Level of job autonomy (ability to do the work correctly without close supervision)

      • Depends on:

        • Experience and background

        • Training and education

        • Motivation


    Flamholtz leadership effectiveness2
    Flamholtz Leadership Effectiveness

    • Effective leadership depends on using a leadership style that is appropriate to the situation.

      • Factors: Balance between

        • concern for Work and

        • concern for People


    Flamholtz leadership effectiveness3
    Flamholtz Leadership Effectiveness

    • Leadership Styles

    • Directive (Leader makes the decision alone)

      • Autocratic Declares what is to be done without explanation

      • Benevolent Declares what is to be done with explanation

    • Interactive (Leader makes the decision with input from others

      • Consultative Gets opinions before making decision

      • Participative Discusses alternatives with others before making decision

    • Non-directive (Leader defines the goal and leaves implementation choices to others)

      • Consensus The leader and subordinates have equal voice in making decisions

      • Laissez-Faire The leader delegates the decision making authority.


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