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INDIA. Presentation on Thematic topic – 3 RESOURCE MOBILIZATION AND PARTENERSHIP AGREEMENTS. PROBLEMS & CHALLENGES. APPROXIMATELY 130 MILLION HECTARE OF LAND SUFFERS FROM DEGRADATION/ DESERTIFICATION AFFECTING AROUND 300 MILLION PEOPLE

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india
INDIA

Presentation on Thematic topic – 3

RESOURCE MOBILIZATION

AND

PARTENERSHIP AGREEMENTS

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1

problems challenges
PROBLEMS & CHALLENGES
  • APPROXIMATELY 130 MILLION HECTARE OF LAND SUFFERS FROM DEGRADATION/ DESERTIFICATION
  • AFFECTING AROUND 300 MILLION PEOPLE
  • ACCOUNTING FOR 2.4% OF TOTAL GEOGRAPHIC AREA IN THE WORLD, INDIA SUPPORTS 16% HUMAN POPULATION AND 18% OF THE LIVESTOCK POPULATION

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1

internal partnership proposed in the nap

National Policy & Coordination Committee

Ministries

Departments

Autonomous

Organisations

Including R&D

NGOs

Desertification Cell of the UNCCD in MOEF

Drought

Monitoring &

EWS

National Mission on Soil Survey and Land Deg. Mapping

Disaster (Drought)

Management

Division

Research

&

Development

Divisional Level

Line Dept. Officers

Panchayati Raj Institutions/FDAs

(Local Self-Governments)

NGOs/CBOs

Panchayat – I JFMCs

Panchayat – 2 JFMCs

Panchayat – 3 JFMCs

Panchayat-4 JFMCs

INTERNAL PARTNERSHIP(PROPOSED in the NAP)

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1

internal mobilization since independence 1947 2002
INTERNAL MOBILIZATION SINCE INDEPENDENCE (1947-2002)
  • UPTO VIII PLAN (1947-1997) AN ESTIMATED 27 million h.a. HAS BEEN BROUGHT UNDER TREE COVER AT A COST OF RS 70 BILLION (US$1.4 billion)
  • DURING IX PLAN (1997/98 - 2001/02) AN AREA OF 8.38 million h.a. HAS BEEN TREATED UNDER WATERSHED SCHEMES

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1

long term plan of government of india
LONG-TERM PLAN OF GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
  • National Forestry Action Programme (2000-2020) plans to bring one-third of county,s geographical area under forest/tree cover- Estimated cost Rs 1339 billion (US$26.8 billion)
  • Integrated Watershed Development Programme (1997-2022) aims to cover 63 million Ha with an estimated cost of Rs 760 billion (US$15.2 billion)

* US 1 $ is approximately 50 rupees

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1

resource mobilization during tenth five year plan 2002 07
RESOURCE MOBILIZATION DURING TENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN (2002-07)

* in billion rupee (50 rupee = US$1)

  • National Afforestation Programme 10.25

through Forest Development Agencies (FDAs)

  • Integrated Watershed Development programme 18.00
  • Desert Development Programme 11.00
  • Drought Prone Area Programme 15.00

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1

external partnership building some highlights
EXTERNAL PARTNERSHIP BUILDINGSOME HIGHLIGHTS
  • UNCCD SUPPORTED NAP PREPARATION
  • GM/GOVT. OF GERMANY/JAPAN FOR TPN-2 LAUNCH MEETING/WORKSHOP
  • TECHNICAL WORKSHOP PROPOSED WITH UNCCD ASSISTANCE IN DECEMBER 2002 AS A PREPARATORY MEETING FOR FORMULATION OF PROJECTS FOR EXTERNAL FUNDING
  • GM/UNCCD SUPPORT PARTERSHIP BUILDING FORUM IN 2003

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1

slide8

NATIONAL AFFORESTATION PROGRAMME

  • Participatory process for regenerating degraded forests through a mechanism of
  • “Caring and Sharing” basis in around 1,73,000 villages covering 31 mill. h.a.
  • (Land owned by the Government and management is assigned to the communities)
  • About 63,000 village communities and Voluntary Associations actively involved in protecting around 10.25 mill h.a. of degraded forest land

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1

institutional framework for national afforestation programme forest development agency fda
INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR NATIONAL AFFORESTATION PROGRAMME:FOREST DEVELOPMENT AGENCY (FDA)
  • FDA is a federation of Joint Forest Management Committees at district/division and village levels
  • Adequate (upto 50%) representation of Women in all decision making level in FDA
  • Bottom up approach in planning and implementation
  • 100 % Central Government Funding to FDAs
  • State governments undertake monitoring/assessment

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1

slide11

Entry-point activities: Communities contribute labor components - governments provide material components

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1

slide14

Forest regeneration

Non-timber forest produce (NTFP)

Benefits/incentives

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1

achievement so far
ACHIEVEMENT SO FAR
  • 26 out of 28 States have so far adopted FDA mechanisms for implementing Joint Forest Management activities. Two more likely to follow soon
  • Central Government allocates Rs 10.25 billion to afforest/regenerate about 1.5 mha in five year (2002-07)

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1

international support to the afforestation programmes examples
INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT TO THE AFFORESTATION PROGRAMMESExamples
  • World Bank assisted projects in Andhra Pradesh State (Second phase completed in 2001)
  • JBIC (Japan Bank for Int’l Cooperation) assisted project in Rajasthan State
  • Swedish Int’l Dev’t Agency (SIDA) assisted social forestry project in Orissa and Tamilnadu State
  • Indo-German project in Himachal Pradesh State
  • European Commission, IFAD, GTZ, etc.

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1

opportunities challenges for mobilizing international support
OPPORTUNITIES & CHALLENGES FOR MOBILIZING INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT
  • External cooperation enhances technical and management capabilities of all stakeholders,
  • It helps in addressing global concerns through local actions,
  • Governments must mobilize internal resources to seek external resources (government must advance resources to be reimbursed by grant or loan),
  • Government must have capacities to implement projects in a way required by donors,
  • Exit protocol (post-project financing & management) must be clearly laid out to enhance the projects’ sustainability

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1

slide18

Optimal Resource Mobilization Cycle

Private sector

Mobilize internal resources

Bridge gaps with external resources

Maximize through people’s contributions

Capacity Building, Partnership Development, Benefit Sharing

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1

slide19
THANK YOU

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1

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