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INDIA. Presentation on Thematic topic – 3 RESOURCE MOBILIZATION AND PARTENERSHIP AGREEMENTS. PROBLEMS & CHALLENGES. APPROXIMATELY 130 MILLION HECTARE OF LAND SUFFERS FROM DEGRADATION/ DESERTIFICATION AFFECTING AROUND 300 MILLION PEOPLE

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India

INDIA

Presentation on Thematic topic – 3

RESOURCE MOBILIZATION

AND

PARTENERSHIP AGREEMENTS

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1


Problems challenges

PROBLEMS & CHALLENGES

  • APPROXIMATELY 130 MILLION HECTARE OF LAND SUFFERS FROM DEGRADATION/ DESERTIFICATION

  • AFFECTING AROUND 300 MILLION PEOPLE

  • ACCOUNTING FOR 2.4% OF TOTAL GEOGRAPHIC AREA IN THE WORLD, INDIA SUPPORTS 16% HUMAN POPULATION AND 18% OF THE LIVESTOCK POPULATION

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1


Internal partnership proposed in the nap

National Policy & Coordination Committee

Ministries

Departments

Autonomous

Organisations

Including R&D

NGOs

Desertification Cell of the UNCCD in MOEF

Drought

Monitoring &

EWS

National Mission on Soil Survey and Land Deg. Mapping

Disaster (Drought)

Management

Division

Research

&

Development

Divisional Level

Line Dept. Officers

Panchayati Raj Institutions/FDAs

(Local Self-Governments)

NGOs/CBOs

Panchayat – I JFMCs

Panchayat – 2 JFMCs

Panchayat – 3 JFMCs

Panchayat-4 JFMCs

INTERNAL PARTNERSHIP(PROPOSED in the NAP)

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1


Internal mobilization since independence 1947 2002

INTERNAL MOBILIZATION SINCE INDEPENDENCE (1947-2002)

  • UPTO VIII PLAN (1947-1997) AN ESTIMATED 27 million h.a. HAS BEEN BROUGHT UNDER TREE COVER AT A COST OF RS 70 BILLION (US$1.4 billion)

  • DURING IX PLAN (1997/98 - 2001/02) AN AREA OF 8.38 million h.a. HAS BEEN TREATED UNDER WATERSHED SCHEMES

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1


Long term plan of government of india

LONG-TERM PLAN OF GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

  • National Forestry Action Programme (2000-2020) plans to bring one-third of county,s geographical area under forest/tree cover- Estimated cost Rs 1339 billion (US$26.8 billion)

  • Integrated Watershed Development Programme (1997-2022) aims to cover 63 million Ha with an estimated cost of Rs 760 billion (US$15.2 billion)

    * US 1 $ is approximately 50 rupees

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1


Resource mobilization during tenth five year plan 2002 07

RESOURCE MOBILIZATION DURING TENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN (2002-07)

* in billion rupee (50 rupee = US$1)

  • National Afforestation Programme 10.25

    through Forest Development Agencies (FDAs)

  • Integrated Watershed Development programme18.00

  • Desert Development Programme11.00

  • Drought Prone Area Programme15.00

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1


External partnership building some highlights

EXTERNAL PARTNERSHIP BUILDINGSOME HIGHLIGHTS

  • UNCCD SUPPORTED NAP PREPARATION

  • GM/GOVT. OF GERMANY/JAPAN FOR TPN-2 LAUNCH MEETING/WORKSHOP

  • TECHNICAL WORKSHOP PROPOSED WITH UNCCD ASSISTANCE IN DECEMBER 2002 AS A PREPARATORY MEETING FOR FORMULATION OF PROJECTS FOR EXTERNAL FUNDING

  • GM/UNCCD SUPPORT PARTERSHIP BUILDING FORUM IN 2003

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1


India

  • NATIONAL AFFORESTATION PROGRAMME

  • Participatory process for regenerating degraded forests through a mechanism of

  • “Caring and Sharing” basis in around 1,73,000 villages covering 31 mill. h.a.

  • (Land owned by the Government and management is assigned to the communities)

  • About 63,000 village communities and Voluntary Associations actively involved in protecting around 10.25 mill h.a. of degraded forest land

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1


Institutional framework for national afforestation programme forest development agency fda

INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR NATIONAL AFFORESTATION PROGRAMME:FOREST DEVELOPMENT AGENCY (FDA)

  • FDA is a federation of Joint Forest Management Committees at district/division and village levels

  • Adequate (upto 50%) representation of Women in all decision making level in FDA

  • Bottom up approach in planning and implementation

  • 100 % Central Government Funding to FDAs

  • State governments undertake monitoring/assessment

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1


India

Micro-plan:By the people, for the people and of the people

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1


India

Entry-point activities: Communities contribute labor components - governments provide material components

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1


India

Example – Water harvesting structure by Self Help Groups (SHGs)

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1


India

Example: Soil moisture conservation measures

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1


India

Forest regeneration

Non-timber forest produce (NTFP)

Benefits/incentives

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1


Achievement so far

ACHIEVEMENT SO FAR

  • 26 out of 28 States have so far adopted FDA mechanisms for implementing Joint Forest Management activities. Two more likely to follow soon

  • Central Government allocates Rs 10.25 billion to afforest/regenerate about 1.5 mha in five year (2002-07)

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1


International support to the afforestation programmes examples

INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT TO THE AFFORESTATION PROGRAMMESExamples

  • World Bank assisted projects in Andhra Pradesh State (Second phase completed in 2001)

  • JBIC (Japan Bank for Int’l Cooperation) assisted project in Rajasthan State

  • Swedish Int’l Dev’t Agency (SIDA) assisted social forestry project in Orissa and Tamilnadu State

  • Indo-German project in Himachal Pradesh State

  • European Commission, IFAD, GTZ, etc.

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1


Opportunities challenges for mobilizing international support

OPPORTUNITIES & CHALLENGES FOR MOBILIZING INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT

  • External cooperation enhances technical and management capabilities of all stakeholders,

  • It helps in addressing global concerns through local actions,

  • Governments must mobilize internal resources to seek external resources (government must advance resources to be reimbursed by grant or loan),

  • Government must have capacities to implement projects in a way required by donors,

  • Exit protocol (post-project financing & management) must be clearly laid out to enhance the projects’ sustainability

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1


India

Optimal Resource Mobilization Cycle

Private sector

Mobilize internal resources

Bridge gaps with external resources

Maximize through people’s contributions

Capacity Building, Partnership Development, Benefit Sharing

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1


India

THANK YOU

UNCCD (INDIA)-CRIC 1


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