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Great Lakes Commission 2004 Annual Meeting Toronto, Ontario Joint Canada/United States Study Binational study partnership – Canadian and U.S. Federal departments and agencies: Transportation policy and economics Navigation-related infrastructure engineering Environmental science

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joint canada united states study
Joint Canada/United States Study
  • Binational study partnership – Canadian and U.S. Federal departments and agencies:
    • Transportation policy and economics
    • Navigation-related infrastructure engineering
    • Environmental science

Memorandum of Cooperation (May 2003)

  • Signed between Transport Canada and the U.S. Department of Transportation

Water Resources Development Act 1999

  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study

study framework
Study Framework

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study

study partners
Study Partners
  • Transport Canada
  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
  • U.S. Department of Transportation
  • St. Lawrence Seaway Management Corp.
  • Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corp.
  • Environment Canada
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
  • Transport Canada
  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
  • Binational representation of all study partners – Engineering, Economics, Environment

Steering Committee:

Management Team:

Study Team:

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study

study objectives
Study Objectives

Principal focus on sustaining and optimizing the existing GLSLS infrastructure based on the system’s current configuration; evaluation of infrastructure modifications are not part of the study

  • Evaluate costs and benefits of continuing to maintain the existing GLSLS infrastructure:Infrastructure condition, reliability and performance
  • Assess current and future GLSLS infrastructure needs:Engineering, economic and environmental aspects associated with navigation system operation and maintenance
  • Identify factors and trends affecting commercial navigation on the GLSLS system:Domestic and international marine transportation industries, evolving intermodal linkages and transportation technologies

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study

glsls system marine infrastructure
GLSLS System – Marine Infrastructure

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study

glsls system marine transportation
GLSLS System – Marine Transportation
  • Integral component of North America’s transportation infrastructure:
    • Serves 15 major international ports and some 50 regional ports; links to nearly 30 rail lines and more than 40 provincial/interstate highways
  • Important intermodal connections within industrial centres contributing to transportation options:
    • Provides a competitive advantage in the movement of commodities for a wide range of industries
  • Critical economic generator facilitating domestic and international trade:
    • Moves upwards of 200 million tonnes annually – domestic, transborder and overseas import/export trades

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study

glsls system study context
Aging infrastructure >>> rising costs:

Increasingly critical to plan for future operation and maintenance

Broader factors:

Market opportunities, modal integration, trade facilitation, sustainable transportation, congestion mitigation

GLSLS Lock Systems – 17 Locks

Montreal-Lake Ontario – 5 Canadian and 2 US locks (1959)

Welland Canal – 8 Canadian locks (1932)

Soo Locks – 2 US locks; Poe (1968) and MacArthur (1943)

GLSLS System – Study Context

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study

study tasks and activities
Study Tasks and Activities
  • To meet the study objectives, it is necessary to complete both a quantitative and qualitative assessment:
    • Engineering aspects
    • Economic aspects
    • Environmental aspects

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study

engineering aspects
Engineering Aspects
  • Determine basic condition of existing GLSLS infrastructure and rank it relative to other similar facilities and components for system-wide basis of comparison
  • Review historic infrastructure operation and maintenance costs and categorize infrastructure performance factors
  • Undertake analytical engineering reliability modeling for those major infrastructure components identified as most critical (in relation to engineering criteria and level of service criteria)
  • Project future costs associated with GLSLS operation and maintenance based on current infrastructure condition and reliability
  • Evaluate alternative maintenance and rehabilitation scenarios for existing GLSLS infrastructure (based on the system’s current configuration)

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study

economic aspects
Economic Aspects
  • Analyze (qualitatively) essential physical, institutional and economic characteristics of the GLSLS system
  • Assess data and trends: traffic flows; fleet characteristics; markets and industries; and transportation rates
  • Forecasting: traffic flows for major cargoes currently carried on GLSLS; potential additional and/or new cargoes that could be moved on the system (based on its current configuration); future capacity of GLSLS-serving fleet; marine industry competitiveness
  • Modeling: evaluate socio-economic costs and benefits for alternative maintenance and rehabilitation scenarios for existing GLSLS infrastructure (based on the system’s current configuration)

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study

environmental aspects
Environmental Aspects
  • Characterize environmental conditions of key resources potentially impacted by navigation-related activities on the GLSLS (water quality, water level variations, sediment quality, wetlands, fisheries, species at risk and of special concern)
  • Assess (qualitatively) environmental implications of maintenance and rehabilitation scenarios for the existing GLSLS infrastructure (defined by engineering and economics aspects)
  • Provide environmental information to support work in relation to engineering and economic aspects of the study
  • Identify and define appropriate methodology for assessing environmental impacts of future GLSLS navigation-related activities

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study

stakeholder engagement
Stakeholder Engagement
  • Study partners recognize importance of ensuring that both public and private interests are heard – engineering, economics and environmental aspects
  • Study will incorporate stakeholder engagement to:
    • Inform interested parties – study scope, objectives, tasks and activities
    • Serve as a platform for dialogue and information exchange – opportunity to share views and provide comments in relation to study
    • Listen to stakeholder comments

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study

stakeholder engagement process
Stakeholder Engagement Process
  • Management Team has obtained services of facilitator to lead stakeholder engagement process:
    • St. Lawrence Economic Development Council (SODES)
    • Great Lakes Commission (GLC)
  • Establishforum for dialogue and information exchange
  • Set up points of contact
  • Conduct series of stakeholder meetings in Canada and U.S.
  • Solicit stakeholder comments and views – gather information and knowledge (call for submissions)
  • Document stakeholder feedback and input
  • Report to Management Team

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study

stakeholder meetings
Stakeholder Meetings
  • Five stakeholder meetings in June/July 2004, two in Canada and three in the United States:
    • June 3 Montreal, Quebec (32 attendees. 6 presentations)
    • June 8 St. Catharines, Ontario (18 attendees, 7 presentations)
    • June 15 Duluth, Minnesota (33 attendees, 9 presentations)
    • July 6 Clayton, New York (300 attendees, 40 presentations)
    • July 14 Chicago, Illinois (50 attendees, 30 presentations)
  • Stakeholder submission/brief summary due in early October

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study

stakeholder meeting results
Stakeholder Meeting Results
  • Primary attendees/participants:
    • Environmental Groups (Governmental & Private)
    • Local Interest/Property Owner Groups
    • Commercial Shipping Interests
    • Port Authorities/Directors
    • Tribal Interests
    • Fishery Interests (Governmental & Private)
    • Economic Development Interests

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study

stakeholder meeting results17
Stakeholder Meeting Results
  • Recurring Themes/Comments:
    • Study should not entertain seaway expansion or season extension
    • Invasive Species
    • Impacts to Fisheries/Recreation
    • Seaway is a critical component of the overall navigation system
    • Condition of existing infrastructure is a concern (safety & reliability)
    • Importance of reliable waterborne navigation system will become more critical as overland transportation routes become overtaxed
    • Alternative future commercial transportation scenarios exist which would rely on GLSLS navigation system (short sea shipping)

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study

study information
Study Information
  • Binational study website:

www.glsls-study.com

  • Contact Information:

United StatesCanada

    • Management Team: Dave Wright Marc Fortin

(313) 226-3573 (613) 998-1843

    • Stakeholder Engagement: David Knight Marc Gagnon

(734) 971-9135 (418) 648-4572

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study

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