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Great Lakes Commission 2004 Annual Meeting Toronto, Ontario Joint Canada/United States Study Binational study partnership – Canadian and U.S. Federal departments and agencies: Transportation policy and economics Navigation-related infrastructure engineering Environmental science

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Great Lakes Commission2004 Annual MeetingToronto, Ontario


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Joint Canada/United States Study

  • Binational study partnership – Canadian and U.S. Federal departments and agencies:

    • Transportation policy and economics

    • Navigation-related infrastructure engineering

    • Environmental science

Memorandum of Cooperation (May 2003)

  • Signed between Transport Canada and the U.S. Department of Transportation

    Water Resources Development Act 1999

  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study


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Study Framework

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study


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Study Partners

  • Transport Canada

  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

  • U.S. Department of Transportation

  • St. Lawrence Seaway Management Corp.

  • Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corp.

  • Environment Canada

  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

  • Transport Canada

  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

  • Binational representation of all study partners – Engineering, Economics, Environment

Steering Committee:

Management Team:

Study Team:

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study


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Study Objectives

Principal focus on sustaining and optimizing the existing GLSLS infrastructure based on the system’s current configuration; evaluation of infrastructure modifications are not part of the study

  • Evaluate costs and benefits of continuing to maintain the existing GLSLS infrastructure:Infrastructure condition, reliability and performance

  • Assess current and future GLSLS infrastructure needs:Engineering, economic and environmental aspects associated with navigation system operation and maintenance

  • Identify factors and trends affecting commercial navigation on the GLSLS system:Domestic and international marine transportation industries, evolving intermodal linkages and transportation technologies

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study


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GLSLS System – Marine Infrastructure

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study


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GLSLS System – Marine Transportation

  • Integral component of North America’s transportation infrastructure:

    • Serves 15 major international ports and some 50 regional ports; links to nearly 30 rail lines and more than 40 provincial/interstate highways

  • Important intermodal connections within industrial centres contributing to transportation options:

    • Provides a competitive advantage in the movement of commodities for a wide range of industries

  • Critical economic generator facilitating domestic and international trade:

    • Moves upwards of 200 million tonnes annually – domestic, transborder and overseas import/export trades

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study


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Aging infrastructure >>> rising costs:

Increasingly critical to plan for future operation and maintenance

Broader factors:

Market opportunities, modal integration, trade facilitation, sustainable transportation, congestion mitigation

GLSLS Lock Systems – 17 Locks

Montreal-Lake Ontario – 5 Canadian and 2 US locks (1959)

Welland Canal – 8 Canadian locks (1932)

Soo Locks – 2 US locks; Poe (1968) and MacArthur (1943)

GLSLS System – Study Context

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study


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Study Tasks and Activities

  • To meet the study objectives, it is necessary to complete both a quantitative and qualitative assessment:

    • Engineering aspects

    • Economic aspects

    • Environmental aspects

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study


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Engineering Aspects

  • Determine basic condition of existing GLSLS infrastructure and rank it relative to other similar facilities and components for system-wide basis of comparison

  • Review historic infrastructure operation and maintenance costs and categorize infrastructure performance factors

  • Undertake analytical engineering reliability modeling for those major infrastructure components identified as most critical (in relation to engineering criteria and level of service criteria)

  • Project future costs associated with GLSLS operation and maintenance based on current infrastructure condition and reliability

  • Evaluate alternative maintenance and rehabilitation scenarios for existing GLSLS infrastructure (based on the system’s current configuration)

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study


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Economic Aspects

  • Analyze (qualitatively) essential physical, institutional and economic characteristics of the GLSLS system

  • Assess data and trends: traffic flows; fleet characteristics; markets and industries; and transportation rates

  • Forecasting: traffic flows for major cargoes currently carried on GLSLS; potential additional and/or new cargoes that could be moved on the system (based on its current configuration); future capacity of GLSLS-serving fleet; marine industry competitiveness

  • Modeling: evaluate socio-economic costs and benefits for alternative maintenance and rehabilitation scenarios for existing GLSLS infrastructure (based on the system’s current configuration)

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study


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Environmental Aspects

  • Characterize environmental conditions of key resources potentially impacted by navigation-related activities on the GLSLS (water quality, water level variations, sediment quality, wetlands, fisheries, species at risk and of special concern)

  • Assess (qualitatively) environmental implications of maintenance and rehabilitation scenarios for the existing GLSLS infrastructure (defined by engineering and economics aspects)

  • Provide environmental information to support work in relation to engineering and economic aspects of the study

  • Identify and define appropriate methodology for assessing environmental impacts of future GLSLS navigation-related activities

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study


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Stakeholder Engagement

  • Study partners recognize importance of ensuring that both public and private interests are heard – engineering, economics and environmental aspects

  • Study will incorporate stakeholder engagement to:

    • Inform interested parties – study scope, objectives, tasks and activities

    • Serve as a platform for dialogue and information exchange – opportunity to share views and provide comments in relation to study

    • Listen to stakeholder comments

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study


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Stakeholder Engagement Process

  • Management Team has obtained services of facilitator to lead stakeholder engagement process:

    • St. Lawrence Economic Development Council (SODES)

    • Great Lakes Commission (GLC)

  • Establishforum for dialogue and information exchange

  • Set up points of contact

  • Conduct series of stakeholder meetings in Canada and U.S.

  • Solicit stakeholder comments and views – gather information and knowledge (call for submissions)

  • Document stakeholder feedback and input

  • Report to Management Team

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study


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Stakeholder Meetings

  • Five stakeholder meetings in June/July 2004, two in Canada and three in the United States:

    • June 3 Montreal, Quebec (32 attendees. 6 presentations)

    • June 8 St. Catharines, Ontario (18 attendees, 7 presentations)

    • June 15 Duluth, Minnesota (33 attendees, 9 presentations)

    • July 6 Clayton, New York (300 attendees, 40 presentations)

    • July 14 Chicago, Illinois (50 attendees, 30 presentations)

  • Stakeholder submission/brief summary due in early October

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study


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Stakeholder Meeting Results

  • Primary attendees/participants:

    • Environmental Groups (Governmental & Private)

    • Local Interest/Property Owner Groups

    • Commercial Shipping Interests

    • Port Authorities/Directors

    • Tribal Interests

    • Fishery Interests (Governmental & Private)

    • Economic Development Interests

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study


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Stakeholder Meeting Results

  • Recurring Themes/Comments:

    • Study should not entertain seaway expansion or season extension

    • Invasive Species

    • Impacts to Fisheries/Recreation

    • Seaway is a critical component of the overall navigation system

    • Condition of existing infrastructure is a concern (safety & reliability)

    • Importance of reliable waterborne navigation system will become more critical as overland transportation routes become overtaxed

    • Alternative future commercial transportation scenarios exist which would rely on GLSLS navigation system (short sea shipping)

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study


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Study Information

  • Binational study website:

    www.glsls-study.com

  • Contact Information:

    United StatesCanada

    • Management Team: Dave Wright Marc Fortin

      (313) 226-3573 (613) 998-1843

    • Stakeholder Engagement: David Knight Marc Gagnon

      (734) 971-9135 (418) 648-4572

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study


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