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FIRST AID. http://utpo.lf1.cuni.cz [email protected] Charles University in Prague, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Theory and Practice of Nursing. Contacts. http.// utpo.lf1.cuni.cz Username: [email protected] Password: firstaid [email protected]

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first aid

FIRST AID

http://utpo.lf1.cuni.cz

[email protected]

Charles University in Prague, 1st Faculty of Medicine,

Institute of Theory and Practice of Nursing

contacts
Contacts
first aid3
First Aid
  • Consent
    • Conscious victim
    • Unconscious victim
    • Children
    • Mentally incompetent victim
    • Refusing help
action in an emergency
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Primary Survey (Initial assessment)
  • Get help
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Provide first aid
  • Reassess regularly
  • Transport to health care facility
action in an emergency5
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Primary Survey (assessment)
  • Get help
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Provide first aid
  • Reassess regularly
  • Transport to health care facility
  • D
  • R
  • s
  • A
  • B
  • C
action in an emergency6
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Primary Survey (assessment)
  • Get help
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Provide first aid
  • Reassess regularly
  • Transport to health care facility
  • Dangers
  • R
  • s
  • A
  • B
  • C
action in an emergency7
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Primary Survey (assessment)
  • AVPU scale
  • Dangers
  • Response
  • s
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • Alertand aware
  • Responds toVerbalstimuli
  • Responds toPainfulstimuli
  • Unresponsive
action in an emergency8
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Primary Survey (assessment)
  • Get help
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Provide first aid
  • Reassess regularly
  • Transport to health care facility
  • Dangers
  • Response
  • shoutfor help
  • A
  • B
  • C
action in an emergency9
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Primary Survey (assessment)
  • Get help
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Provide first aid
  • Reassess regularly
  • Transport to health care facility
  • Dangers
  • Response
  • shout for help
  • Airway
  • Breathing
  • Circulation
action in an emergency10
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Primary Survey (assessment)
  • Get help
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Provide first aid
  • Reassess regularly
  • Transport to health care facility
action in an emergency11
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Get help
  • Europe112
  • Local155
  • Helth care facility4444
  • What happened
  • How many victims
  • Where
  • Who
action in an emergency12
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Primary Survey (assessment)
  • Get help
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Provide first aid
  • Reassess regularly
  • Transport to health care facility
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E
action in an emergency13
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Primary Survey (assessment)
  • Get help
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Airway
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E
  • Head tilt – chin lift method
  • Jaw thrust method
action in an emergency14
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Airway
  • Breathing
  • C
  • D
  • E
  • Rate
    • Normal respiration 12 - 20
    • Bradypnea 
    • Tachypnea 
    • Apnea
  • Depth
  • Ease
  • Noise
action in an emergency15
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Primary Survey (assessment)
  • Get help
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Provide first aid
  • Reassess regularly
  • Transport to health care facility
  • Airway
  • Breathing
  • Circulation
  • D
  • E
action in an emergency16
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Airway
  • Breathing
  • Circulation
  • D
  • E
  • Rate
    • Normal HR 60 - 90
    • Bradycardia 
    • Tachycardia 
  • Strength
  • Rhythm
    • Arrythmia
  • Skin colour
action in an emergency17
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Airway
  • Breathing
  • Circulation
  • D
  • E
  • Systemic BP
    • Normal BP 120–140 / 60-80
    • Hypertension 
    • Hypotension
action in an emergency18
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Primary Survey (assessment)
  • Get help
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Provide first aid
  • Reassess regularly
  • Transport to health care facility
  • Airway
  • Breathing
  • Circulation
  • Disability
  • E
action in an emergency19
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Mental status
  • Pupils
  • Extremities
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Airway
  • Breathing
  • Circulation
  • Disability
  • E
action in an emergency20
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Mental status: Glasgow Coma Scale
  • Pupils
  • Extremities
  • Eye opening
    • Spontaneously 4
    • To Speach 3
    • To Pain 2
    • None 1
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Airway
  • Breathing
  • Circulation
  • Disability
  • E
  • Verbal response
    • Orientated 5
    • Confused 4
    • Inappropriate words 3
    • Incomprehensible sounds 2
    • None 1
  • Motor response
    • Obeys verbal commands 6
    • Localising pain 5
    • Withdraws from pain stimuli 4
    • Flexing to pain 3
    • Extension to pain 2
    • No response 1
action in an emergency21
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • GCS
  • Pupils
  • Extremities
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Airway
  • Breathing
  • Circulation
  • Disability
  • E
  • Shape
  • Equality
  • Response to light
  • PEARL
    • PupilsEqual AndReactingtoLight
action in an emergency22
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • GCS
  • PEARL
  • Extremities
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Airway
  • Breathing
  • Circulation
  • Disability
  • E
  • CSM
    • Circulation
    • Sensation
    • Movement
action in an emergency23
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Primary Survey (assessment)
  • Get help
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Provide first aid
  • Reassess regularly
  • Transport to health care facility
  • Airway
  • Breathing
  • Circulation
  • Disability
  • Exposure, EverythingElse
action in an emergency24
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Physical exam
    • Victim‘s chief complaint
    • Head to toe examination
  • Victim‘s history
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Airway
  • Breathing
  • Circulation
  • Disability
  • Exposure, Everything Else
action in an emergency25
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Physical exam
    • Victim‘s chief complaint
    • Head to toe examination
  • Victim‘s history
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Airway
  • Breathing
  • Circulation
  • Disability
  • Exposure, EverythingElse
  • DOTS
    • Deformity
    • Openwounds
    • Tenderness
    • Swelling
action in an emergency26
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Physical exam
    • Victim‘s chief complaint
    • Head to toe examination
    • Victim‘s history(SAMPLE history)
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Airway
  • Breathing
  • Circulation
  • Disability
  • Exposure, Everything Else
  • Symptoms
  • Allergies
  • Medications
  • Past medical history
  • Last oral intake
  • Events leading up to the illness or injury
action in an emergency27
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Primary Survey (assessment)
  • Get help
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Provide first aid
  • Reassess regularly
  • Transport to health care facility
action in an emergency28
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Primary Survey (assessment)
  • Get help
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Provide first aid
  • Reassess regularly
  • Transport to health care facility
  • Recovery position
action in an emergency29
ACTION IN AN EMERGENCY
  • Primary Survey (assessment)
  • Get help
  • Secondary Survey (assessment)
  • Provide first aid
  • Reassess regularly
  • Transport to health care facility
resources
RESOURCES
  • National Safety Council; FIRST AID AND CPR.
  • Chapleau, W., Pons, P. (2007) EMERGENCY MEDICAL TECHNICIAN. St. Louis: Elsevier
  • Caroline, N. (2007) EMERGENCY CARE IN THE STREET. 6th ed. London: Jones and Bartlett
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