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Dreams Is it important to understand and interpret our dreams? “Dreams are a conversation with oneself, a dialogue of symbols and images that takes place between the unconscious and conscious levels of the mind.” –David Fontana By Taylor Olson History of Dreams Interpretation dates to 4000 BC

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DreamsIs it important to understand and interpret our dreams?“Dreams are a conversation with oneself, a dialogue of symbols and images that takes place between the unconscious and conscious levels of the mind.” –David Fontana

By Taylor Olson


History of Dreams

  • Interpretation dates to 4000 BC

  • The Chester Beatty Papyrus

  • Egyptian view of dreams

  • The Homeric view of dreams

  • Aristotle

  • Shaman views and importance of dreams

  • The growth of Christianity and Western influence throughout the world


What are dreams?

  • In 1838 a German dream study was done to 3000 people:

    • 96% saw more visual than audio

    • 2/3 did not think in dreams

    • 2/3 more complicated than simple

    • 93% were active participants


Phases of sleep

  • Waking frequency: Beta.

  • Body relaxes into light sleep state: Alpha

  • Brainwaves slow to a more relaxed state theta: R.E.M. occurs.

  • Brainwaves slow down even more into the state of light sleep.

  • The “dead sleep” also known as delta , you experience a deep dreamless sleep.

  • These phases repeat 4 to 5 times every 90 minutes


Psychiatric View Toward Dreams

  • Sigmund Freud: “Dreams are fulfillments of wishes disguised in dream forms.”

    Condensation

    Displacement

    Symbolism

  • Carl Jung: The four parts of the brain


  • Neurophysiologic theory of dreaming: Making sense of what the brain is bombarded with during R.E.M. sleep.

  • Psychic “garbage” theory


Lucid Dreaming

  • Consciously aware that you aredreaming.

  • Therapeutic advantages

  • The dreamer’s ego

  • Lucid dreaming can be a “intrapersonal psychotherapy breakthrough”


Dream Themes and Interpretation

  • The secret language of dreams

  • Archetypal themes

  • Understanding our personal lives can help us understand our dreams

    EXAMPLES OF THEMES:

    The body

    Change and Transition

    Direction and Identity

    Success and Failure

    Anxiety


Are dreams relevant in today's society?

Is lucid dreaming a valid theory?

Should dreams be interpreted?

Are dreams important?


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