College students and gambling
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College Students and Gambling Tahira K. Hira, Ph.D., CFP Professor Human Development & Family Studies Iowa State University Gambling in Iowa between 10,000 & 31,000 are currently “compulsive gamblers,” 33,000 to 62,000 are “problem gamblers.” Gambling among College Students

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College students and gambling l.jpg

College Students and Gambling

Tahira K. Hira, Ph.D., CFP

Professor

Human Development & Family Studies

Iowa State University


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Gambling in Iowa

  • between 10,000 & 31,000 are currently “compulsive gamblers,”

  • 33,000 to 62,000 are “problem gamblers.”


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Gambling among College Students

“... it was impossible to visit a campus and not find at least a handful of sophisticated operations run by students ....” (Sports Illustrated AP. 10,1995. PP 68-79)


Objectives of the study were to determine the l.jpg
Objectives of the study were to determine the:

  • extent & type of gambling activities common among ISU students

  • Students’ attitudes, opinions and beliefs about gambling

  • reasons for gambling

  • need for education and information (type and sources)


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Sources of Data

Data were collected in Summer &

Fall ‘96

  • ISU survey (n = 797)

  • Des Moines survey (Students =162)

  • focus groups (n = 10)


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Characteristics

  • Five colleges were represented

  • Males 51%

  • Part-time employed 52%

  • Residence Status:

    • Off-campus 46%

    • Residence halls 38%


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Proportion of college students gambling

over half (52% ) of those participating in the survey indicated they gambled


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Des Moines survey (n=162)

  • mean age 23yrs

  • mean income $9,103

  • mean debt $6,416

  • gamblers 48%

  • females 61%

  • had C.C. loans 32%

  • had consolidated loans 32%

  • used ATMs 44%


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What about sports gambling?

  • According to 22% of the students...

  • “Sports gambling at ISU

  • is widespread!”


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How prevalent is student gambling

According to participants in students focus groups.....

  • “easily half of the students gamble”

  • “virtually everybody I hang out with seems to gamble a little bit or follow sports, where we know something is going to happen.”

  • “a majority of students gamble in some sort. Whether it be on a football game or whatever.”



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it starts casually? Average Amount Spent

  • “I started out maybe a couple of times a week, towards the end I was gambling almost every day.

  • “I started with playing for small amounts of money ($2 to $5), and it got to the point I had to go to the bank before going to play golf. I had to have more money just in case I lost.”


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It starts as fun Average Amount Spent....

“Tell them it starts as fun, and soon people can’t quit.”


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Its all around Average Amount Spent.....

  • gambling is becoming more prevalent

  • kids grow up in an environment where people in the family gamble....

  • so you learn about it from the moment you start talking to people.


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Student gambling behavior Average Amount Spent

  • “I usually take $30-40. But then my problem is, you've got your cash cards, checks, etc.. I’ve gone through about $300 at one time.”

  • “I initially played a $10 bill, soon I was spending $40, but by the time winter came around I had $80-100 when I would go.”


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Easy access to cash & credit- the allure of gambling Average Amount Spent

Students say:

“when we first started going we would take $200 in cash, now that they have put ATM’s there....if you lose, you can easily get more money out to play.”


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Main reason they gamble? Average Amount Spent

Entertainment 67%

To win money 29%


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Men and woman gamble for different reasons. Average Amount Spent

  • women gamble for entertainment

  • men gamble to win


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Main Reason for Not Gambling: Average Amount Spent

Can’t afford 16%

Other 26%

age, money, time, transportation

religion,


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What do their parents think about your gambling? Average Amount Spent

A majority (70%) said their parents knew about their gambling but...

“They don’t care” 43%

“It’s fine with them” 41%



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Extent of problem gambling Average Amount Spent

those who sought help for serious gambling problems for:

  • friends (6%)

  • family members (2%)


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Should there be an age restriction for gambling? Average Amount Spent

Yes......................77%

  • Age 16-18 48%

  • Age 19-21 29%

  • Age 22 and up 24%


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Who should provide help to those facing problems due to gambling?

  • 1-800-BETS-OFF 68%

  • Student Counseling Service 54%

  • ISU Financial Counseling Clinic 47%


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Type of gambling?Help/Information

  • pamphlets that can be picked up confidentially

  • “hot-line/help-line where people can call and talk confidentially...”

  • “a place to talk about addiction”

  • “financial counseling for those who don’t want to admit they have gambling addiction”


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Give facts about gambling gambling?

  • “probability of winning and losing”

  • “specific information on how much money is lost and how much is won”

  • “how fast one can lose money”

  • “information on how to rigthe machine”


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He says it all... gambling?

“I would say just make them aware-

that you are going to lose, it’s not even a 50-50 chance of winning..,

be aware of the consequences of it.”


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Include Information about..... gambling?

  • “signs of gambling addiction”

  • “characteristics of compulsive gamblers”

  • “real life stories about the impact of gambling losses on people’s lives”

  • “before and after photographs”

  • “testimonials of people who have gotten in trouble for gambling”


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Our students say........ gambling?

“In our society

what we are doing is

promoting

you don’t have to work for your money.”


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Where to ... from here ... gambling?

  • important to accept that it exists

    • increasing numbers of students on campuses are involved in gambling

  • gambling problems have long term effects on students :

    • personally and professionally

  • develop programs

    • to prevent problem gambling

    • to help those who are in trouble due to gambling


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