BICS and CALP Helping ELLs at PNH. BICS. CALP. BICS = BASIC INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION SKILLS (Breaks into a multitude of other registers). CALP = COGNITIVE ACADEMIC LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY Literature, reading skills, decoding difficult texts, making inferences, etc. .
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(Breaks into a multitude of other registers)
CALP = COGNITIVE ACADEMIC LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY
Literature, reading skills, decoding difficult texts, making inferences, etc.BICS AND CALP = two main registers (styles) of English (Cummins, 1979)
Very formal, ← FORMALNeutral INFORMAL →Very informal,
Frozen, RigidCasual, Familiar
Historical Documents Conversation
ELLs can mix up the various registers, and it takes time for them, and specific feedback from you, to help them figure out the nuances of acceptable use within the target culture.
Vertical Register = changes in formality in terms of speech and writing - static
Horizontal Register = moving between and among peer groups and switching code to fit the groups
Reflection: What would you say to a student who used slang/speech patterns/language that was inappropriate to the group/moment/task/social situation? How would you validate the student’s efforts but still provide them with some guidance about register use?