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Why Teach with ICTs?. By Patricia B. Arinto Assistant Professor U.P. Open University. What are ICTs?. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are “technological tools and resources that are used to communicate, and to create, disseminate, store, and manage information .”

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Why teach with icts

Why Teach with ICTs?

By Patricia B. Arinto

Assistant Professor

U.P. Open University


What are icts
What are ICTs?

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are “technological tools and resources that are used to communicate, and to create, disseminate, store, and manage information.”

C. Blurton

They “include hardware, software and netware, as well as institutional, financial, cultural and application-related parameters that determine how ICT[s] will be shaped and developed by society at large.”

The Research Council of Norway


Types of icts
Types of ICTs:

  • Radio

  • Television

  • Telephony (landlines and cellular/mobile phones)

  • Computers

  • Internet


The knowledge society
The Knowledge Society

  • Exponential increase in information

  • Shrinking half-life of information

  • The need to transform information into knowledge

  • Knowledge-dependence

  • Knowledge as the key to social and economic progress


5 areas where icts can contribute to education
5 Areas where ICTs can contribute to education:

  • Expanding access

  • Promoting efficiency

  • Improving the quality of learning

  • Enhancing the quality of teaching

  • Improving management systems

    Haddad and Draxler, 2002


Expanding access to education with icts
Expanding access to education with ICTs

  • Broadcast technologies have been used to reach geographically dispersed populations (e.g., Telesecundaria, radio and TV universities, Strong Republic Schools program)

  • Distance education and open learning: providing education to marginalized sectors (e.g., women, persons with disabilities) and non-traditional learners (adults)



Promoting efficiency with icts
Promoting efficiency with ICTs

  • Supplementing conventional delivery mechanisms to make educational provision more cost-effective

  • Increasing learning time without extending classroom time through self-study modules, educational TV and radio programs, interactive software


Improving educational management with icts
Improving educational management with ICTs

  • Facilitating collection and analysis of data

  • Improving flow of information and communication

  • Facilitating decentralization and devolution


Improving learning with icts
Improving learning with ICTs

  • Motivating students/Engaging students in the learning process

    • Through multisensory stimulation

    • By providing authentic information


Improving learning with icts1
Improving learning with ICTs

  • Facilitating acquisition of basic skills through drill-and-practice

    • Educational TV shows such as Sesame Street, Batibot, Math-Tinik

    • Computer-assisted instruction

  • Fostering inquiry and exploration

    • Virtual tours

    • Simulations


Improving learning with icts2
Improving learning with ICTs

  • Developing skills that are necessary for the 21st century workplace:

    • technological literacy

    • information literacy

    • communication skills

    • problem solving skills

    • the ability to handle dynamic situations

    • the ability to work collaboratively with others


Icts and improving the quality of teaching
ICTs and improving the quality of teaching

  • Teacher training at a distance (e.g., UP NISMED’s Iskul on the Air, UPOU’s teacher training programs)

  • Teacher support (e.g., teaching resources online, teacher networks)

  • Teacher empowerment – to be creative, to innovate


On icts and teachers
On ICTs and teachers

“Educational technology is not, and never will be, transformative on its own…computers cannot replace teachers—teachers are the key to whether technology is used appropriately and effectively.”

Carlson and Gadio, 2002, p. 119



Myths about icts in education
Myths about ICTs in education

  • Macro myth: Merely providing ICTs to schools transforms the learning process

  • Micro myth: Providing technologies means acquiring computers and securing a connection to the Internet

    Haddad and Draxler, 2002, p. 4


Parameters for ict integration or important considerations in ict integration
Parameters for ICT integration (Or important considerations in ICT integration):

  • Educational policy

  • Approach (to education)

  • Infrastructure

  • Contentware

  • Committed and trained personnel

  • Integration


“How you use technology in education is more important than if you use it at all.”

Thornburg, “Technology in K-12 Education:

Envisioning the Future”, 1999


‘To “tech” or not to “tech” education is not the question. The real question is how to harvest the power of technology to meet the challenges of the 21st century and make education relevant, responsive, and effective for [every]one, anywhere, anytime.’

Haddad and Draxler, 2002, p. 16


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