The Acculturation of Arab Immigrants in the U.S.

/ 19 []
Download Presentation
(4335) |   (0) |   (0)
Views: 145 | Added:
Rate Presentation: 2 0
The Acculturation of Arab Immigrants in the U.S. Presented by Mohamed Abu-Qaoud. What is Acculturation?. The process of adapting to a new culture May involve learning the dominant language, adopting new values and behaviors
The Acculturation of Arab Immigrants in the U.S.

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only and may not be sold or licensed nor shared on other sites. SlideServe reserves the right to change this policy at anytime. While downloading, If for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

The acculturation of arab immigrants in the u s l.jpgSlide 1

The Acculturation of Arab Immigrants in the U.S.

Presented by

Mohamed Abu-Qaoud

What is acculturation l.jpgSlide 2

What is Acculturation?

  • The process of adapting to a new culture

    • May involve learning the dominant language, adopting new values and behaviors

  • Debate with regards to relation to concepts of assimilation and integration

Arab americans l.jpgSlide 3


  • There has been little research conducted on the acculturation of immigrants from Arabic-speaking countries

  • Surprising since Arab immigrants have been coming to the United States since at least 1854, and they may number up to three million today

More on arab americans l.jpgSlide 4

More on Arab-Americans

  • Represent diverse regions from the Middle East and North Africa

  • Heritage of common linguistic, cultural, and political traditions

  • Most (47%) from Lebanon

  • Only 23% are Muslim; majority are Christian

Acculturation of arab americans l.jpgSlide 5

Acculturation of Arab-Americans

  • Studies suggest that Arabs find acculturation to be more difficult than many other immigrant groups

    • Especially true for those who are Muslim

  • Feel as though they are viewed more as Arabs, and less as Americans

  • Why is this so?

  • Look at the acculturation of Irish immigrants for answers

Irish americans l.jpgSlide 6


  • Today the United States is home to over 44 million Irish-Americans

    • About 400,000 Irish-origin residents were already present in 1790

    • Greatest immigration during The Irish Famine of 1846-1850.

  • Initially regarded as inferior, and faced discrimination

More on irish americans l.jpgSlide 7

More on Irish-Americans

  • Climbed occupational and social ladders through politically appointed positions such as policeman, fireman, and teacher

  • Second and third generation Irish were better educated, wealthier, and more successful than were their parents and grandparents

    • Example: Kennedy family

Acculturation of irish americans l.jpgSlide 8

Acculturation of Irish-Americans

  • One of the most successfully acculturated groups in America

  • Many believe that Irish immigrants face fewer obstacles to the “migration adjustment process” due to certain characteristics of this group

    • Well-established ethnic communities

    • English-speaking Europeans

    • Share many American values

Factors affecting acculturation l.jpgSlide 9

Factors Affecting Acculturation

  • Hypothesis:

    • Longer residence in the U.S., a high number and distribution of the immigrant group, as well as intermarriage will lead to greater acculturation

    • Distinguishing physical characteristics of the group, cultural and religious differences, and discrimination will lead to a lower level of acculturation

Length of residence l.jpgSlide 10

Length of Residence

  • Past Studies:

    • Length of Residence is positively correlated with acculturation and life satisfaction of immigrants

  • Comparison between Irish and Arab immigrants:

    • There were Americans of Irish heritage present before 1790, but most Irish immigrants did not arrive until late 1840s

    • Even though the first Arabs immigrated around 1854, the majority has not been arriving here until relatively recently

Size and distribution l.jpgSlide 11

Size and Distribution

  • Past Studies:

    • Not much research relating size of immigrant group to acculturation

    • Dispersed groups have a higher level of acculturation and are more likely to intermarry

  • Comparison:

    • Arab-Americans concentrated in various regions of U.S.

    • Irish-Americans were initially concentrated, but sheer number and length of residence has led to dispersion

Intermarriage l.jpgSlide 12


  • Past Studies:

    • Intermarriage is positively correlated with acculturation of an immigrant group, but those that are more acculturated are more likely to intermarry (feedback process)

  • Comparison:

    • Irish immigrants are more likely to intermarry since they are more similar to the majority population with regards to physical characteristics, culture, and religion

    • As a result, Irish immigrants are more acculturated, and thus further likely to intermarry

Physical characteristics l.jpgSlide 13

Physical Characteristics

  • Past Studies:

    • Physical characteristics that distinguish immigrants from the majority population are likely to hinder acculturation

    • This is probably because they make the immigrants easier targets for discrimination

  • Comparison:

    • Some Arabs have darker skin tones, and distinguishing physical characteristics

    • Irish look very similar to the majority population in the United States

Discrimination l.jpgSlide 14


  • Past Studies:

    • Discrimination is negatively correlated to acculturation. In fact, the effect of intermarriage on acculturation is somewhat dependent on a lack of discrimination by the mainstream culture

    • In the U.S., discrimination against Arab-Americans is more tolerated than against other minorities

      • This is especially true following the 9/11 attacks, which involved Arab terrorists

    • Americans view Arab-Americans as “outsiders” even if they were born in the U.S., and can no longer speak Arabic

Cultural and religious differences l.jpgSlide 15

Cultural and Religious Differences

  • Past Studies:

    • Such differences are negatively correlated with acculturation

    • Intermarriage is more closely related to religion than to ethnicity

  • Comparison:

    • Arab cultures have more traditional cultures, and Islam is the dominant religion

    • Ireland is more similar in political and cultural values to U.S., and the majority religion is Christianity

Positive aspects of acculturation l.jpgSlide 16

Positive Aspects of Acculturation

  • Mental Health

    • There is a negative correlation between the rate of acculturation and scores on the depression and anxiety scale

      • The less acculturated an individual, the more depressed and/or anxious he/she tends to be

      • This results in strain on marriage and family life, possibly leading to divorce

  • Satisfaction of Life

    • There is a strong positive correlation between acculturation and a high quality of life in the U.S.

Increasing acculturation l.jpgSlide 17

Increasing Acculturation

  • Dispersal of individuals from immigrant groups

    • Necessitates that the immigrants adapt to American culture

    • Increases intermarriage

    • Dispersal may occur naturally as the length of residence of an immigrant group in the U.S. increases

  • Reducing Discrimination

    • Balancing media portrayals of Arabs in order to diminish stereotypes

    • Educational forums for communities

Negative aspects of acculturation l.jpgSlide 18

Negative Aspects of Acculturation

  • If immigrants become completely assimilated, the diversity which makes America unique in this world could be dramatically reduced

  • Immigrants may lose their sense of ethnic identity

  • Problems within the family caused by cultural conflicts between children and parents

Conclusion l.jpgSlide 19


  • It appears that length of residence, distribution, and intermarriage all have a positive correlation with acculturation, while distinguishing physical characteristics, cultural and religious differences, and discrimination have a negative correlation with acculturation

  • Discrimination seems to be the most important factor affecting acculturation. While reducing discrimination will be a very difficult task that will take years, this must be made a priority.

  • I believe that the key for happiness and success for immigrants in the U.S. is to make the adjustment to the new culture while also maintaining a part of their ethnic identity

Copyright © 2015 SlideServe. All rights reserved | Powered By DigitalOfficePro