Spanish Colonization of the Americas
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Spanish Colonization of the Americas

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Spanish Colonization of the Americas

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1. Spanish Colonization of the Americas

3. Technology Caravels Lateen Sails Astrolabe improvements Compass

4. Portuguese Colonize the east primarily Also the Canaries and Madeiras Sugarcane ? plantation economy African Slave Trade Later taken over by the Spanish

5. Three Commonalities Between All Nations Mercantilism (see map) Intra-colonial trading system The Columbian Exchange Disease killed 90% African Slave Trade (see map)

6. Christopher Columbus ? (1492 ? 1504)

7. Treaty of Tordesillas - 1494

8. Hernan Cortes & Francisco Pizarro

9. Economics of Spanish Colonies Established plantations on W. Indian islands Silver & gold mines of Central and South America Both required manual labor

10. Pirates Spanish transported lots of wealth Opened the door to privateers and eventually pirates Channel between Florida and the Bahamas was the best place to go after Spanish merchant ships Spanish founded St. Augustine ? 1565 Oldest city in US

11. Labor System - Encomienda Encomienda - The expedition commander would give trusteeship over parcels of land and that land?s inhabitants to his conquistadores. Encomiendero collected taxes from natives and force them to work Encomiendero would provide protection and Catholicism to the natives. Used on mainland

12. African Slavery Used primarily on the islands of the Caribbean Sugar, coffee, tobacco plantations Native had died from disease

13. Colonial Government under Crown Control Conquistador autonomy concerned the Spanish crown Created two provinces: In Mexico - New Spain, In Peru - New Castile Each governed by a viceroy. Voice of the king All important decisions on colonial management came from Spain.

14. Caste System Peninsulars Creoles Mestizo Mulattoes

15. Bartolome de las Casas Catholic Priest Came to the Americas shortly after Columbus Critic of the American conquest & encomienda system Fought to preserve rights of Native Americans

16. DeSoto & Coronado De Soto ? unleashed violence through SE and Florida Coronado ? Unleashed violence through the Great Plains The City of Cibola

17. Spanish in North America Why did they not conquer periphery Indians (North America)?

18. New Mexico Colony Santa Fe (1608) was founded as a religious colony In the sticks Little respect for Natives Pueblo Indians were willing to add Christian beliefs

19. Pope?s Rebellion - 1680 Pueblo Indians resent the Spanish infringing on Pueblo culture Disrespectful Making natives second class citizens Pueblos attack New Mexico settlements Kill priests & settlers Burned settlements Set Spanish back in that area

20. Fall of the Spanish colonial Empire Defeat of the Armada 1588 Centralized Control Increase in wealth caused inflation Exploitation colony Conversion efforts drew focus away from economic gains.


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