Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772 --- 1834). Born --- in a priest family. Family --- his father died when he was only 3. Character --- lonely, but filled with dreams. Education --- Charity School of Christ’s Hospital. In Cambridge for 3 years without a degree. Lake Poets. William Wordsworth.
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Samuel Taylor Coleridge(1772 --- 1834)
Born --- in a priest family
Family --- his father died when he was only 3.
Character --- lonely, but filled with dreams
Education --- Charity School of Christ’s Hospital
In Cambridge for 3 years without a degree
In 1794, it is important for Coleridge.
Excited at France Revolution
Inspired by the idea of egalitarianism
Establish a new community
A utopian society in America, named it Pantisocracy
Failed at last
Suffered acute pain in the head
Ease the pain
A slave to the drug
Live in poverty
The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
a long poem written in ballad form
the simple story
The theme ----- about sin and its expiation
The language ----- irresistible
Collected in Lyrical Ballads
unfinished poem of 54 lines
He claimed that one day in his dream he composed a poem of 200—300 lines when he was taking a nap.
He was interrupted by an unexpected guest and stopped at 54 lines.
George Gordon Byron(1788--- 1824)
Born --- of noble blood on paternal and maternal lines.
a Scottish heiress
an aristocratic family
inherited the title of baron
*He was born with a club – foot and became extreme sensitivity about his lameness.
*In Cambridge, he piled up debts and aroused alarm with bisexual love affairs.
*In 1815, he married and had a daughter. But the marriage was unhappy, and they separated next year.
* In 1816, he left England because of the rumors, and never returned.
* He settled in Geneva with Shelley and his lover.
* He sailed to Greece, but he was contracted a fever from which he died.
Harrow first, then Cambridge
In 1807 while a student at Cambridge, he showed talent in verse writing
Hours of Idleness(1807)
first collection of poetry
received bad reviews
English Bards And Scotch Reviewers
answered his critics
Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage (1812)
became an adored character of London society
Don Juan(1818 -- 1823)
unfinished , his masterpiece
Percy Bysshe Shelley(1792 --- 1827)
Born --- on Aug 4, 1792, in an aristocratic family
Education --- attended Syno House Academy , Eton
In 1810, entered the Oxford University
Marriage --- eloped with the 16– year – old girl , then married, but unhappy, failed.
Then married Mary , and had a son.
The Necessity of Atheism(1811)
He was expelled from the college for publishing it.
during the journey with Mary
To the West Wind(1820)
odes----- popular poems
To a Skylark(1820)
John Keats(1795 --- 1821)
Born ----- on October 31, 1795 in London
Family ----- father : a livery – stable keeper
At 8 years old his father died, and his mother died when he was 14.
Education ----- at Clarke’s School in Enfield
His guardian forced him to leave school and apprenticed him to a surgeon.
He was the oldest of four children, who remained deeply devoted to each other.
He spent three months in 1818 attending his brother Tom, who was seriously ill with tuberculosis, at last Tom died. In 1820 he began to suffer from tuberculosis, and died at the age of 25.
Lines in Imitation of Spenser(1814)
first long poem
Ode to a Nightingale
Ode to Autumn
Charles Lamb(1775 --- 1834)
Born ----- in London , 1775
Education ---- at Christ’s Hospital, where he formed a lifelong friendship with Coleridge
Illness ----- when he was 20 he suffered a period of insanity.
His sister, Mary, had similar problems and in 1796 murdered her mother in a fit of madness.
Marriage ----- never married
Thomas de Quincey(1785 --- 1859)