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?????. ?????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ???.???? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ????.?? ???? ??? ?? ??? ??? ????? ????????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ???.. . ?? ??? ??? ???? ? ?? ????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ???? ????? ???.????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? (Hill 1921).?? ???? ??? 70 ?????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ? ????? 1142

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1. ??? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ????

2. ????? ?????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ???. ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ????. ?? ???? ??? ?? ??? ??? ????? ????????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ???.

3. ?? ??? ??? ???? ? ?? ????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ???? ????? ???. ????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? (Hill 1921). ?? ???? ??? 70 ?????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ? ????? ????? ?? ????? ???.

4. ????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ??? (Sargent 1921). ??? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ????.

5. ?????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?? (Davise & Rennie 1966). ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ???? (Margaria et al 1966).

6. ???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ??? ??????? Borg et al (1971) Chaloupecky (1972) Szogy & Cherebetiu (1974) De Bruyn-Prevost (1975) Kacth et al (1977)

7. ???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ?????????? Cunningham & Faulkner (1969) ?? ????? ??? 70 ?????? ???? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ????????? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ? ?????? ???? ATP ? PCr ? ??????? ? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ??? (Bergstrom et al 1971; Saltin & Karlsson 1971).

8. ????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? Cumming (1973) ????? 30 ????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ? ???????? ????? ???. Inbar & Bar-Or (1975) ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????.

9. ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ????. ???? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ?? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ???.

10. ?????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ???. ?????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ?? 60-50 ????? VO2max ? ?? ????????? ?? 85-70 ????? VO2max ????????. ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ?? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ???.

11. ???? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ????? ???. ??? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???? ATP/PCr ???. ???? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???. ??? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???? ????????? ?? ????? ?????????? ???.

12. ????? ?????? 30 ????? ???: ??????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ? ???? ????? ??? ????: ?? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? (Inbar et al 1996): ???? ??? - ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? 3 ?? 5 ????? - ???? ?? ????? ???? ??????? – ??????? ???? ?? ??? 30 ????? – ????? ?? ????? ???? ????? – ????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ????? 3 ?? 5 ????? 100 × ???? ??? / (???? ????? – ???? ???) = ???? ?????

13. ????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ???: ??????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ??? ????: ?? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? (Fax & Mathews 1974): Power (w)=21.67×body mass (kg)×v vertical displacement (m)

14. ????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ???: ??????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ??? ????: ?? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? (Margaria et al 1966): Power (w)=body mass (kg)× vertical displacement (m)× 9.8 / time (s)

15. ????? ?? ????? ??? ???? (RAST) ???: ??????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ? ???? ????? ??? ????: ?? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ?????: Power (w)=body mass (kg)×displacemet² / time³ ???? ??? – ???????? ????? ???? ????? – ????? ???? ????? ???? ??????? – ??????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? 6 ????? / ???? ????? – ???? ??? = ???? ?????

16. ????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ???: ??????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ? ???? ????? ??? ????: ?? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ???????: Power (w)=[16×body mass(kg)×9.8/2)×43.9]/time ???? ??? – ???????? ????? ???? ????? – ????? ???? ????? ???? ??????? – ??????? ???? ?? ????? 100 × ???? ??? / (???? ????? – ???? ???) = ???? ?????

17. ????? ????? 505

18. ????? 5 ????

19. ????? ????? ????????

20. ????? ????? ??? ?????

21. ????? ??????

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