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OFFICE OF DISABILITY EMPLOYMENT POLICY – provides leadership to increase employment opportunities for youth and adults with disabilities – PowerPoint PPT Presentation

OFFICE OF DISABILITY EMPLOYMENT POLICY – provides leadership to increase employment opportunities for youth and adults with disabilities – Disability Issues and Data Collection Richard Horne, Supervisory Research Analyst Jennifer Kemp, Senior Policy Advisor Wednesday, August 11 3:15-5:00

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OFFICE OF DISABILITY EMPLOYMENT POLICY–provides leadership to increase employment opportunities for youth and adults with disabilities–

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Disability Issues and Data Collection

Richard Horne, Supervisory Research Analyst

Jennifer Kemp, Senior Policy Advisor

Wednesday, August 11


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  • Research & Development in the Field of Disability Employment

  • Recommends Policy, but Does Not Regulate, Investigate, or Adjudicate

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Workforce System PerformanceImproving Performance Results

  • Reporting performance is a fundamental element of improving customer services and good public administration

  • Establishing common measures and standardizing customer data collection improves the validity and comparability of performance results

  • A single, streamlined reporting structure enables consistent measurement and understanding of program performance results

  • Integrating reporting improves the ability of states to integrate services at the local level

  • Ensuring the accuracy and reliability of performance results is necessary for demonstrating system integrity

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Workforce System PerformanceProposed Common Measures--Adult

  • Entered Employment

  • Retention

  • Earnings Increase

  • Efficiency

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Workforce System PerformanceProposed Common Measures--Youth

  • Placement in Employment or Education

  • Attainment of Degree or Certificate

  • Literacy and Numeracy Gains

  • Efficiency

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Ways to Improve Results:What ODEP has learned from grantees

  • Continuous Training

  • Universal Access

  • Assistive Technology

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What You Will Learn about Assessment

  • The purposes of formal and informal assessment tools

  • Young people in transition and the dynamics of disabilities

  • Legal issues, confidentiality, and ethical considerations in assessment

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What is Assessment?

  • Assessment is “the process of collecting data for the purpose of making decisions.”

  • It is the part of career planning that closely examines the interests and abilities of each individual to establish a basis for identifying appropriate types of employment, training, and career development possibilities.

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Guiding Principles of Assessment

  • Self-determination based on informed choices should be an overriding goal.

  • Assessment is a dynamic process and not an end in itself.

  • The purposes and goals of assessment should be clear.

  • Assessment should be integrated into a larger plan of individualized services.

  • Assessment should consider environmental factors affecting the individual.

  • Formal assessment instruments should be carefully chosen with attention to their documented reliability and validity.

  • Formal assessments should be administered and interpreted by qualified personnel.

  • Assessment reports should be written in easily understandable language.

  • Assessment activities should be a positive, empowering process.

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Four Major Assessment Activities

  • Observation

  • Interviews

  • Reviewing Records

  • Testing and Performance Reviews

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When a Youth Enters a Program

  • Interviews, Observations, & Record Reviews

  • Confidentiality

  • WIA Section 188 on Non-Discrimination

  • Screening vs. Assessment

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The Dynamics of Disability

  • Language

  • Philosophy

  • Legislation

  • Practical and Functional Aspects

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Youth with Disabilities in Public Schools

  • IDEA and Eligibility for Special Education Services

  • Thirteen Disability Categories

  • Transition Planning & the Individualized Education Program (IEP)

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Out of School Youth with Disabilities

  • Eligibility and Access to Services

  • The Dilemma of Language & Definitions

  • State and Local Latitude

  • Vocational Rehabilitation Services

  • Workforce Investment Act Title I

    • Youth Services

    • Adult Services

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Providing Accommodations

  • Definitions

  • Federal Law

  • Testing Accommodations

  • Workplace Accommodations

    • Vocational Assessments

    • Job Accommodation Network (JAN)

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Testing Accommodations

  • Reliability and Validity

  • Publisher Guidelines

  • Institutional Guidelines

  • Four Types of Accommodation

    • Presentation Format

    • Response Format

    • Setting

    • Timing

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Assessment Guide’s Directory of Commonly-Used Published Tests

  • Over sixty different tests commonly given to adolescents and young adults

  • Includes publisher Web sites, costs, target groups, and qualifications needed to administer and score.

  • With major domain categories and subdomains for learning disabilities, reading, and mathematics

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Assessment Tools

  • Must use one of NRS cross-walked tests or equate alternate test to NRS scale.

  • Tests cross-walked with ABE and ESL levels include:

    • Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment Instrument (CASAS)

    • Test of Adult Basic Education (TABE)

    • Adult Basic Learning Examination (ABLE)

    • Adult Measures of Educational Skills (AMES)

    • Student Performance Levels for ESL

    • Basic English Skills Test (BEST) for ESL

    • WorkKeys (for the top 3 ABE levels)

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EMILE Reporting System Purposes of the System

  • Eliminate and replace 12 separate and conflicting program reporting requirements with one reporting system

  • Implement standardized data collection and report submission procedures for all ETA programs

  • Provide management information that is timely, reliable, and useful, all in one report

  • Focus on common results that have meaning to our customers – employment for adults and skills for youth

  • Support the establishment of a demand-driven system by collecting information on employers served

  • Utilize performance data to encourage effective program design, high performance, and strategic partnerships with business

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Federal Register Notice Focus of Comments

  • Is the proposed collection of information necessary for the proper performance of ETA funded workforce programs?

  • Is ETA's estimate of the reporting burden accurate?

  • Are there ways ETA can enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected?

  • Can you suggest ways to minimize the burden of collecting information, including the use of appropriate technologies to collect the information?

  • What capability does the grantees have to submit universal individual records (as proposed) versus a statistically valid sample of individual records?

  • Does the collection of types of disability have practical utility for enhancing services to persons with a disability in the One-Stop?

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Federal Register Notice Employment Information

  • Include Self-Employment

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Proposed Disability Categories

  • Orthopedic Visual

  • Speech

  • Hearing

  • Cognitive

  • Specific Learning

  • Mental, Emotional or Psychological

  • Drug Addiction or Alcoholism

  • Other (If not included in the above)

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Federal Register Notice Focus of Comments

  • September 14

    • 60-day public comment period for EMILE reporting system ends.

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  • JAN – Job Accommodation Network

  • Customer Satisfaction Evaluation 2003-2008

    • Provides information about job accommodations, the ADA, and the employability of people with disabilities

    • Serves employers, employees, or job candidates

    • 1-800-526-7234 (V/TTY)


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  • EARN – Employer Assistance Referral Network

    • Connects employers to employment service providers who have direct access to candidates with disabilities

    • Provides technical assistance to employers

    • 1-866-327-6669 (V/TTY)


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  • NCWD/Y – National Collaborative on Workforce and Disability/ Youth

    • To ensure that youth with disabilities are provided full access to high quality services in integrated settings in order to maximize their opportunity for employment and independent living.

    • Provides technical assistance to grantees and workforce development staff

    • 1-877-871-0744 (V/TTY)


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  • NCWD/A – National Center on Workforce and Disability/ Adult

    • Comprehensive technical assistance resource that can assist organizations and professionals who provide workforce development and employment related services to adults with disabilities.

    • 1-888-886-9898 (V/TTY)


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  • Section 188 Checklist


  • Small Business and Self-Employment Service (SBSES)


    • 800-526-7234

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(202) 693-7880 TTY (202) 693-7881

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