Ethics. DEFINITIONS Values Morals Ethics Ethical dilemma THE CONCEPT OF ETHICS ‘ethics’ is derived from the Greek term ethos , which means customs, habitual usage, conduct, and character. Common ethical (moral) theories.
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Four Major Bioethical Principles in Healthcare
-respect the autonomy of the individual
- avoid harm
- where possible achieve benefit
- consider, fairly, the interests of all those affected
Begin by learning to recognise a moral issue
Step 1: Gather all relevant information
Step 2: Identify and clarify the ethical problem(s)
Step 3: Analyse the problem by considering the various ethical theories or approaches
Step 4: Explore the range of options or possible solutions
Step 5: Make a decision
Step 6: Implement and then reflect on the decision