1 / 41


ENHANCING PRODUCTION/PRODUCTIVITY OF WHEAT Dr. N.B. Singh Agriculture Commissioner Government of India Department of Agriculture & Cooperation Ministry of Agriculture (September 14-15, 2006) Projected Production and Requirement of Wheat & Foodgrains (Million Tonnes)

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Slide1 l.jpg




Dr. N.B. Singh

Agriculture Commissioner

Government of India

Department of Agriculture & Cooperation

Ministry of Agriculture

(September 14-15, 2006)

Projected production and requirement of wheat foodgrains l.jpg

Projected Production and Requirement of Wheat & Foodgrains

(Million Tonnes)

# Present growth rate of foodgrains – 2.1% consists of rice 2.7%, wheat 0.2%, coarse cereals 4.5%

$ Requirement includes consumption, buffer stock (4 million tonnes), availability of 15 days’ consumption in the open market of 2.9 million tonnes in 2006-07 and 3.12 million tonnes in 2011-12.

Area production and yield of wheat 1980 81 to 2005 06 l.jpg

Area, Production and Yield of Wheat (1980-81 to 2005-06)

Slide4 l.jpg

State-wise Area, Production and Yield of Wheat


Slide5 l.jpg

Productivity trends in different States from 2000-1 to 2004-05

Regional variation in productivity l.jpg

Regional Variation in Productivity

Causes for low productivity of wheat l.jpg

Causes for Low Productivityof Wheat

  • Delayed sowing in rice-wheat and in cotton-wheat system

  • Low Seed Replacement Rate (SRR)

  • Low and imbalanced use of fertilizers / nutrients

  • Temperature rise during grain formation period

  • Deficiency of micro and secondary nutrients

  • Deceleration of factor productivity

  • Soil degradation and loss of fertility

  • Poor efficiency of irrigation water

  • Escalating cost of inputs – (especially diesel)

Slide8 l.jpg

Delayed sowing results in Yield Decline

Based on multilocation long term (10 Years) trials of ICAR (DWR Bul. 2004)

Slide9 l.jpg

A sample of Pattern of Plant Nutrients Application


Slide10 l.jpg

Imbalanced use of Plant Nutrients

Required Ratios : 4: 2 : 1 (N,P,K)

2004 - 05

Slide11 l.jpg

Wide spread deficiency of zinc

Source: IISS, Bhopal(ICAR)

Slide12 l.jpg

Deficiency of Manganese

Source: IISS, Bhopal

Source: IISS, Bhopal (ICAR)

Slide13 l.jpg

Widespread Boron deficiency

Source: IISS, Bhopal (ICAR)

Slide14 l.jpg

Strategies for Production Enhancement

  • Area Expansion

  • 1 to 1.4 million ha in the States of U.P., M.P., Bihar, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Gujarat

  • Productivity Increase

  • 25 to 40%

Targeted states for area expansion l.jpg

Targeted States for Area Expansion

(Area in lakh ha)

Productivity enhancement l.jpg

Productivity Enhancement

  • Timely sowing (optimum sowing time between 15 Oct. to Mid Nov.)

  • Promoting high temperature tolerant varieties

  • Improved agricultural practices/sowing

  • Promoting integrated nutrient/pest management

  • Increasing water use efficiency through sprinkler

  • Zero Till cum Seed Drill

  • Increasing balanced use of fertilizer/application

Slide17 l.jpg

Response of *N2 application on Wheat Productivity

* Accordingly ratio of Phosphorous and Potash to be added

Based on multilocation / year data recorded by ICAR (DWR Bul. 20)

Slide18 l.jpg

Lessons learnt about N2 Response in Wheat

*After 1990’s N2 application of 150kg / ha has recorded highest yield in entire wheat areas.

*50 % N2 Basal + 50% at the time of first irrigation has given best results

*More than two splits of N2 is usually beneficial after application of 50% basal dose

*Under Zero tillage also 150 kg N2/ha has recorded highest yield

Slide19 l.jpg

Response of Potash Application on Wheat

Action plan l.jpg

Action Plan

Varietal Development

  • Terminal heat tolerant varieties

  • Suitable varieties with higher yield potential in Punjab, Haryana & western U.P.

  • Early maturing cotton varieties in cotton-wheat system.

  • Early maturing high yielding rice varieties for rice-wheat system.

  • Improved wheat varieties for late sowing.

Action plan21 l.jpg

Action Plan


  • Improved sowing methods for different cropping system

  • Direct seeding of rice in rice-wheat system

  • Efficient fertilizer/micro-nutrients use

  • Improved agronomic practices to address rise in temperature

  • Weed management

  • Mopping of Micronutrient deficiency

Required interventions for enhancing productivity l.jpg

Required Interventions for enhancing Productivity

  • Identify Potential Regions / States i.e. Eastern UP, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal

  • Identify the districts with high yield potential ; 138 districts identified

  • Channelize input supply i.e. Seed fertilizer, farm machinery on priority

Slide23 l.jpg

Identified districts and targeted areas for intervention

Slide24 l.jpg

Action Plan

3 Year Plan for 138 districts : coverage 13 million ha.

Slide25 l.jpg


Slide26 l.jpg


Slide27 l.jpg


Total Financial Requirement for 3 year Rolling Plan

I Year275.00

II Year483.00

III Year483.00

Total: 1241.00

Slide28 l.jpg

Outline of the Scheme

  • Total cost of the scheme Rs.2482 cr. over 3 years

  • Proposed share (50%) of Central Government – Rs.1241 cr.

  • Proposed share (30%) of State Government – Rs.548 cr.

  • Rest contribution by beneficiary

Slide29 l.jpg

State of preparedness for Rabi : 2006-07

  • Seed

    • Requirement - 20.0 lakh Quintal; Available – 45 lakh qtls.

  • Fertilizer

    • Requirement- 127 lakh tonnes urea

  • - 48 lakh tonnes DAP &

  • - 19 lakh tonnes of MOP

  • Micro-nutrients

    • Available as per requirement

  • Zero Till Machines

    • Requirement : 6000 Zero till cum seed drill - Available

  • Micro-Irrigation : Systems Available

Slide30 l.jpg

Region wise Recommended varieties of Wheat



Slide31 l.jpg



Slide32 l.jpg

Thank you

Slide33 l.jpg

Identified Districts of different States with potential for increasing production and productivity of Wheat


Slide34 l.jpg


Slide35 l.jpg


Slide36 l.jpg


Slide37 l.jpg


Slide38 l.jpg


Slide39 l.jpg


Slide40 l.jpg


Slide41 l.jpg


  • Login