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ENHANCING PRODUCTION/PRODUCTIVITY OF WHEAT Dr. N.B. Singh Agriculture Commissioner Government of India Department of Agriculture & Cooperation Ministry of Agriculture (September 14-15, 2006) Projected Production and Requirement of Wheat & Foodgrains (Million Tonnes)

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ENHANCING PRODUCTION/PRODUCTIVITY OF WHEAT

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ENHANCING

PRODUCTION/PRODUCTIVITY OF

WHEAT

Dr. N.B. Singh

Agriculture Commissioner

Government of India

Department of Agriculture & Cooperation

Ministry of Agriculture

(September 14-15, 2006)


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Projected Production and Requirement of Wheat & Foodgrains

(Million Tonnes)

# Present growth rate of foodgrains – 2.1% consists of rice 2.7%, wheat 0.2%, coarse cereals 4.5%

$ Requirement includes consumption, buffer stock (4 million tonnes), availability of 15 days’ consumption in the open market of 2.9 million tonnes in 2006-07 and 3.12 million tonnes in 2011-12.


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Area, Production and Yield of Wheat (1980-81 to 2005-06)


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State-wise Area, Production and Yield of Wheat

2004-05


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Productivity trends in different States from 2000-1 to 2004-05


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Regional Variation in Productivity


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Causes for Low Productivityof Wheat

  • Delayed sowing in rice-wheat and in cotton-wheat system

  • Low Seed Replacement Rate (SRR)

  • Low and imbalanced use of fertilizers / nutrients

  • Temperature rise during grain formation period

  • Deficiency of micro and secondary nutrients

  • Deceleration of factor productivity

  • Soil degradation and loss of fertility

  • Poor efficiency of irrigation water

  • Escalating cost of inputs – (especially diesel)


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Delayed sowing results in Yield Decline

Based on multilocation long term (10 Years) trials of ICAR (DWR Bul. 2004)


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A sample of Pattern of Plant Nutrients Application

(2004-05)


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Imbalanced use of Plant Nutrients

Required Ratios : 4: 2 : 1 (N,P,K)

2004 - 05


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Wide spread deficiency of zinc

Source: IISS, Bhopal(ICAR)


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Deficiency of Manganese

Source: IISS, Bhopal

Source: IISS, Bhopal (ICAR)


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Widespread Boron deficiency

Source: IISS, Bhopal (ICAR)


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Strategies for Production Enhancement

  • Area Expansion

  • 1 to 1.4 million ha in the States of U.P., M.P., Bihar, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Gujarat

  • Productivity Increase

  • 25 to 40%


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Targeted States for Area Expansion

(Area in lakh ha)


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Productivity Enhancement

  • Timely sowing (optimum sowing time between 15 Oct. to Mid Nov.)

  • Promoting high temperature tolerant varieties

  • Improved agricultural practices/sowing

  • Promoting integrated nutrient/pest management

  • Increasing water use efficiency through sprinkler

  • Zero Till cum Seed Drill

  • Increasing balanced use of fertilizer/application


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Response of *N2 application on Wheat Productivity

* Accordingly ratio of Phosphorous and Potash to be added

Based on multilocation / year data recorded by ICAR (DWR Bul. 20)


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Lessons learnt about N2 Response in Wheat

*After 1990’s N2 application of 150kg / ha has recorded highest yield in entire wheat areas.

*50 % N2 Basal + 50% at the time of first irrigation has given best results

*More than two splits of N2 is usually beneficial after application of 50% basal dose

*Under Zero tillage also 150 kg N2/ha has recorded highest yield


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Response of Potash Application on Wheat


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Action Plan

Varietal Development

  • Terminal heat tolerant varieties

  • Suitable varieties with higher yield potential in Punjab, Haryana & western U.P.

  • Early maturing cotton varieties in cotton-wheat system.

  • Early maturing high yielding rice varieties for rice-wheat system.

  • Improved wheat varieties for late sowing.


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Action Plan

MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

  • Improved sowing methods for different cropping system

  • Direct seeding of rice in rice-wheat system

  • Efficient fertilizer/micro-nutrients use

  • Improved agronomic practices to address rise in temperature

  • Weed management

  • Mopping of Micronutrient deficiency


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Required Interventions for enhancing Productivity

  • Identify Potential Regions / States i.e. Eastern UP, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal

  • Identify the districts with high yield potential ; 138 districts identified

  • Channelize input supply i.e. Seed fertilizer, farm machinery on priority


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Identified districts and targeted areas for intervention


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Action Plan

3 Year Plan for 138 districts : coverage 13 million ha.


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Contd..


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Contd..


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Conntd.

Total Financial Requirement for 3 year Rolling Plan

I Year275.00

II Year483.00

III Year483.00

Total: 1241.00


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Outline of the Scheme

  • Total cost of the scheme Rs.2482 cr. over 3 years

  • Proposed share (50%) of Central Government – Rs.1241 cr.

  • Proposed share (30%) of State Government – Rs.548 cr.

  • Rest contribution by beneficiary


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State of preparedness for Rabi : 2006-07

  • Seed

    • Requirement - 20.0 lakh Quintal; Available – 45 lakh qtls.

  • Fertilizer

    • Requirement- 127 lakh tonnes urea

  • - 48 lakh tonnes DAP &

  • - 19 lakh tonnes of MOP

  • Micro-nutrients

    • Available as per requirement

  • Zero Till Machines

    • Requirement : 6000 Zero till cum seed drill - Available

  • Micro-Irrigation : Systems Available


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Region wise Recommended varieties of Wheat

*Durum

Contd…


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Contd….

*Durum


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Thank you


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Identified Districts of different States with potential for increasing production and productivity of Wheat

Contd….


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