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ENHANCING PRODUCTION/PRODUCTIVITY OF WHEAT Dr. N.B. Singh Agriculture Commissioner Government of India Department of Agriculture & Cooperation Ministry of Agriculture (September 14-15, 2006) Projected Production and Requirement of Wheat & Foodgrains (Million Tonnes)

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
ENHANCING

PRODUCTION/PRODUCTIVITY OF

WHEAT

Dr. N.B. Singh

Agriculture Commissioner

Government of India

Department of Agriculture & Cooperation

Ministry of Agriculture

(September 14-15, 2006)

projected production and requirement of wheat foodgrains
Projected Production and Requirement of Wheat & Foodgrains

(Million Tonnes)

# Present growth rate of foodgrains – 2.1% consists of rice 2.7%, wheat 0.2%, coarse cereals 4.5%

$ Requirement includes consumption, buffer stock (4 million tonnes), availability of 15 days’ consumption in the open market of 2.9 million tonnes in 2006-07 and 3.12 million tonnes in 2011-12.

causes for low productivity of wheat
Causes for Low Productivityof Wheat
  • Delayed sowing in rice-wheat and in cotton-wheat system
  • Low Seed Replacement Rate (SRR)
  • Low and imbalanced use of fertilizers / nutrients
  • Temperature rise during grain formation period
  • Deficiency of micro and secondary nutrients
  • Deceleration of factor productivity
  • Soil degradation and loss of fertility
  • Poor efficiency of irrigation water
  • Escalating cost of inputs – (especially diesel)
slide8

Delayed sowing results in Yield Decline

Based on multilocation long term (10 Years) trials of ICAR (DWR Bul. 2004)

slide10

Imbalanced use of Plant Nutrients

Required Ratios : 4: 2 : 1 (N,P,K)

2004 - 05

slide11

Wide spread deficiency of zinc

Source: IISS, Bhopal(ICAR)

slide12

Deficiency of Manganese

Source: IISS, Bhopal

Source: IISS, Bhopal (ICAR)

slide13

Widespread Boron deficiency

Source: IISS, Bhopal (ICAR)

slide14

Strategies for Production Enhancement

  • Area Expansion
  • 1 to 1.4 million ha in the States of U.P., M.P., Bihar, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Gujarat
  • Productivity Increase
  • 25 to 40%
productivity enhancement
Productivity Enhancement
  • Timely sowing (optimum sowing time between 15 Oct. to Mid Nov.)
  • Promoting high temperature tolerant varieties
  • Improved agricultural practices/sowing
  • Promoting integrated nutrient/pest management
  • Increasing water use efficiency through sprinkler
  • Zero Till cum Seed Drill
  • Increasing balanced use of fertilizer/application
slide17

Response of *N2 application on Wheat Productivity

* Accordingly ratio of Phosphorous and Potash to be added

Based on multilocation / year data recorded by ICAR (DWR Bul. 20)

slide18

Lessons learnt about N2 Response in Wheat

* After 1990’s N2 application of 150kg / ha has recorded highest yield in entire wheat areas.

* 50 % N2 Basal + 50% at the time of first irrigation has given best results

* More than two splits of N2 is usually beneficial after application of 50% basal dose

* Under Zero tillage also 150 kg N2/ha has recorded highest yield

action plan
Action Plan

Varietal Development

  • Terminal heat tolerant varieties
  • Suitable varieties with higher yield potential in Punjab, Haryana & western U.P.
  • Early maturing cotton varieties in cotton-wheat system.
  • Early maturing high yielding rice varieties for rice-wheat system.
  • Improved wheat varieties for late sowing.
action plan21
Action Plan

MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

  • Improved sowing methods for different cropping system
  • Direct seeding of rice in rice-wheat system
  • Efficient fertilizer/micro-nutrients use
  • Improved agronomic practices to address rise in temperature
  • Weed management
  • Mopping of Micronutrient deficiency
required interventions for enhancing productivity
Required Interventions for enhancing Productivity
  • Identify Potential Regions / States i.e. Eastern UP, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal
  • Identify the districts with high yield potential ; 138 districts identified
  • Channelize input supply i.e. Seed fertilizer, farm machinery on priority
slide24

Action Plan

3 Year Plan for 138 districts : coverage 13 million ha.

slide27

Conntd.

Total Financial Requirement for 3 year Rolling Plan

I Year275.00

II Year483.00

III Year483.00

Total: 1241.00

slide28

Outline of the Scheme

  • Total cost of the scheme Rs.2482 cr. over 3 years
  • Proposed share (50%) of Central Government – Rs.1241 cr.
  • Proposed share (30%) of State Government – Rs.548 cr.
  • Rest contribution by beneficiary
slide29

State of preparedness for Rabi : 2006-07

  • Seed
    • Requirement - 20.0 lakh Quintal; Available – 45 lakh qtls.
  • Fertilizer
    • Requirement - 127 lakh tonnes urea
  • - 48 lakh tonnes DAP &
  • - 19 lakh tonnes of MOP
  • Micro-nutrients
    • Available as per requirement
  • Zero Till Machines
    • Requirement : 6000 Zero till cum seed drill - Available
  • Micro-Irrigation : Systems Available
slide31

Contd….

*Durum

slide33

Identified Districts of different States with potential for increasing production and productivity of Wheat

Contd….

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