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Chinese Historical Survey: From the Yellow Emperor to Hu Jintao Mythological Culture Heroes Fuxi and Nugua: half animal, half human Shen Nong: The Divine Farmer The Yellow Emperor Xi Ling: The discover of silk and inventor of weaving Emperor Yao Emperor Shun Emperor Yu Fuxi and Nuwa

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Chinese Historical Survey:

From the Yellow Emperor to Hu Jintao


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Mythological Culture Heroes

  • Fuxi and Nugua: half animal, half human

  • Shen Nong: The Divine Farmer

  • The Yellow Emperor

  • Xi Ling: The discover of silk and inventor of weaving

  • Emperor Yao

  • Emperor Shun

  • Emperor Yu



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Pangu

  • …and from his bones the mountains were made, and from his blood the rivers and seas evolved, and from his hairs, the trees and plants were created..

  • And human beings?

    • …they evolved from his body lice and fleas












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The Xia dynasty: myth or reality?

  • The Chinese claim that Yu’s son is the first emperor of the first dynasty

  • No written records have been found

  • No archeological sites definitely attributed to this dynasty

  • But prehistoric cultures existed throughout China

  • Was one of them Xia?












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Map of Western Zhou: 1100-771 BC “forest of meat”


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Map of Eastern Zhou: 771-221 B.C. “forest of meat”


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The Mandate of Heaven “forest of meat”

The Mandate of Heaven,

How beautiful and unceasing!

Oh, how glorious

Was the purity of King Wen's virtue!

With blessings he overwhelms us.

We will receive the blessings.

They are a great favor from our King Wen.

May his descendants hold fast to them


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Division of Eastern Zhou “forest of meat”

  • Spring and Autumn Period

    • Weak government

    • Relative peace

    • 200 feudal states

  • Warring States Period

    • Almost non-existent government

    • Anarchy and total warfare

    • 7 major states



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Who was Confucius? (Kong Fuzi) “forest of meat”





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Veneration of Ancestors “forest of meat”




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Zhou dynasty tomb “forest of meat”


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Warring States Artifacts “forest of meat”


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The Triumph of Qin: “forest of meat”The Fa Jia (Legalist School)

  • Lord Yang

  • Han Feizi

  • Li Su



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Map of the Qin Dynasty “forest of meat”


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Terracotta Warriors “forest of meat”


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Tomb of Qin Shi Huang “forest of meat”


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Qin the Unifier “forest of meat”

  • Standardized writing

  • Standardized weights and measures

  • Standardized axle widths

  • Abolished feudalism and class separation by birth

  • Created private property of land and government taxation of land

  • Set up centralized governmental structures


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Han Dynasty: a class struggle between feudal and centralized government

  • Xiang Yu

  • Liu Bang







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Iron Dagger and West



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Achievements of Han and West

  • Establishment of Exam system for selecting civil servants

  • Creating silk road trade with Rome and expanding empire

  • Adopting Confucianism as state ideology

  • State school system

  • Invention of Paper






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Changes in Era of Division and West

Integration of the South as central to the Chinese state

Introduction of Buddhism

Development of Religious Daoism

Intermarriage with non-Chinese

Development of art and literature


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Sui dynasty: 581:618 and West

  • The Reunification of China


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The Grand Canal and West



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Tang Taizong: 2 and Westnd Emperor of Tang










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Northern Song and West



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Southern Song and West




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Genghis Khan and West










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Ming Tombs and West



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The Great Wall and West










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Hu Jintao years


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