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AUSTRALIAN ASTRONOMY PowerPoint PPT Presentation


AUSTRALIAN ASTRONOMY Watchers of southern skies INDIGENOUS ASTRONOMY 40,000 years of astronomy Star patterns denoting animals & people Star calendar for finding food Sky myths for morality EUROPEAN ASTRONOMY BEGINS IN AUSTRALIA Venus transit gives solar system scale

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AUSTRALIAN ASTRONOMY

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Australian astronomy l.jpg

AUSTRALIAN ASTRONOMY

Watchers of southern skies


Indigenous astronomy l.jpg

INDIGENOUS ASTRONOMY

  • 40,000 years of astronomy

  • Star patterns denoting animals & people

  • Star calendar for finding food

  • Sky myths for morality


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EUROPEAN ASTRONOMY BEGINS IN AUSTRALIA

  • Venus transit gives solar system scale

  • Cook & Charles Green to Tahiti & Australia

  • First Fleet & William Dawes’ observatory

  • La Perouse’s ill-fated astronomers


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EARLY ASTRONOMY AROUND SYDNEY

  • 1821: Brisbane, Rumker, Dunlop found “Paramatta” Observatory

    • Catalogue of 7385 stars, comets etc

    • 1847: Closure after “fallings out”

  • 1858: Sydney Observatory founded

    • Time service, astronomy, geophysics, meteorology


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19TH CENTURY STATE OBSERVATORIES

  • Hobart: geomagnetism, weather, astronomy

  • Melbourne: Carte du Ciel etc

  • Adelaide: mainly met., also transits

  • Qld (none) - surveying, time-keeping

  • Perth - Still operating today


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GREAT MELBOURNE TELESCOPE

  • 1869: 48” (1.2m) scope - world’s largest!

  • An Anglo-Australian venture built on gold

  • Telescope problems...

  • Moon, stars, nebulae observed

  • Sold for scrap - later “reborn”


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EARLY AMATEUR ASTRONOMERS

  • John Tebbutt (Windsor)

    • Comets, occultations, eclipses, asteroids, double stars etc

  • Edward Pigot (Riverview Observatory)

    • Weather-Sun connection, photography, variables etc

  • Many others, then and now...


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MT STROMLO

  • 1901: Federation & nationalising of science

  • 1924: Commonwealth Solar Observatory

  • WWII: optical manufacture

  • 1950s: From Sun to stars; ANU merger

  • 1950s: Bok “sells Galaxy” to students

  • 60s to today: Siding Spring’s 0.4m, 0.6m, 1m, 2.3m aperture telescopes...


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EARLY “CSIRO” RADIO ASTRONOMY

  • WWII radar development

  • Radiophysics Lab enters solar astronomy

  • Radio waves from the Galaxy & beyond


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PARKES & CULGOORA RADIO TELESCOPES

  • 1961: Parkes

    • Giant 64m dish

    • Quasas, radiomaps, molecules, pulsars, Apollo, Giotto, SETI, etc

  • 1967: Culgoora solar radio telescope

    • An array of 96 small (13.7m) dishes

    • Solar image/sec for monitoring activity

    • 1984: closure - would you like a “free” dish?


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UNIV. SYDNEY ASTRONOMY

  • 1912-1926 : Prof Cooke

  • WWII: optics not astronomy

  • 1952: Messel’s astronomy boom begins

  • Sydney Uni still very active today...


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UNIV. TASMANIA

  • 1927+: Prof McAulay terrorises Tas Uni admin into funding astronomy

  • Cosmic-ray astronomy

  • Optical astronomy

  • X-ray astronomy

  • Radio astronomy


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UNIV. ADELAIDE

  • Ultra-high energy cosmic rays

  • Meteor/asteroid astronomy

  • X-ray astronomy

  • Gamma rays (BIGRAT & CANGAROO)

  • Cosmology & astrophysics (Paul Davies)


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UNSW

ADFA

UWS

WOLLONGONG

MACQUARIE

MELBOURNE

MONASH

SWINBURNE

UWA & CURTIN (PARG)

UQ

USQ

ASTRONOMY AT OTHER AUSTRALIAN UNIS


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ANGLO-AUSTRALIAN OBSERVATORY

  • 3.9m AAT (1974)

  • 1.2m UKSTU (later AAO) Schmidt (1973)

  • Major optical bi-national facilities half-funded each by Australian & UK


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AUSTRALIA TELESCOPE

  • ATNF

  • Parkes

  • ATCA (1988)

  • Major national radio astronomy facility

  • A telescope as wide as a continent (and beyond)


  • Login