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Janet M. Girten Deputy Laboratory Director Forensic Science Center at Chicago October 31, 2006 Forensic Science And Quality Assurance Agenda Personal Background Overview of the Illinois State Police Quality Assurance What is it? Why do we need it? Scientist level Laboratory level

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Janet M. Girten

Deputy Laboratory Director

Forensic Science Center at Chicago

October 31, 2006


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Forensic Science

And

Quality Assurance


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Agenda

  • Personal Background

  • Overview of the Illinois State Police

  • Quality Assurance

    • What is it? Why do we need it?

    • Scientist level

    • Laboratory level

    • Global level

  • Summary


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Personal Background

  • Born and raised in Chicago

  • BS Biology, College of St. Francis

  • Passed Chemistry only with the help of Salim!!!!!

  • MS Forensic Science in progress, University at Illinois, Chicago


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Professional Background

  • Hired in 1987, Joliet Laboratory

  • Chemist for 4 years

  • First Scientist to be crossed trained in another discipline as a latent print examiner

  • 1996 Transferred to the newly built Chicago Lab

    • Group supervisor of Latent print section

  • 1999 Promoted to Section Chief

    • firearms/toolmark, latent prints

  • 2003 Promoted to Deputy Lab Director

    • Criminalistics-latents, firearms

    • Biochemistry-DNA, Trace Chemistry


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ILLINOIS STATE POLICE

IS THE

THIRD LARGEST FORENSIC SYSTEM

IN THE WORLD


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SCOTLAND YARD

FBI LABORATORY


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Illinois State Police Forensic Sciences CommandProvide all forensic services that are needed to the citizens of the state of Illinois


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  • 10 Laboratories state wide

    • Rockford

    • Chicago

    • Westchester

    • Joliet

    • Peoria

    • Springfield

    • East St. Louis

    • Carbondale

    • Training Laboratory

    • Research & Development Laboratory


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Forensic Disciplines

  • Latent Fingerprints

  • Footwear/Tiretrack

  • Firearm/Toolmarks

  • Forensic Biology

  • DNA

  • Drug chemistry

  • Trace chemistry

  • Toxicology

  • Questioned Documents




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What is forensic science?What is the goal?



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ANALYSISTO TESTIMONY


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STATE OF

CALIFORNIA

VS

OJ SIMPSON



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COURT TV

  • Continuous live coverage

  • Legal experts

  • Expectation of conclusive physical evidence


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FORENSICS

INTO THE

HEARTS AND MIND OF

THE

JUROR


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Prior to OJ

Defense attorneys would question the police officers on their:

CREDIBILITY

INTEGRITY


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After OJ

Defense Attorneys now question forensic scientists on their:

CREDIBILITY

INTEGRITY


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QUALITY ASSURANCE


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Quality Assurance

  • Quality is defined as accurate, complete and timely analysis.

  • Quality Services begins with the initial contact with law enforcement, continues thru the analysis and ends with courtroom testimony.


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Quality Assurance program multi-faceted

  • Forensic Scientist

  • Casework

  • Laboratory Audits

  • System Accreditation


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Personality Traits

Honest

Ethical

Unbiased

Dedicated

Career oriented

Hiring Process & Ongoing

Background checks

Polygraph

Random drug checks

Repeated criminal history checks

Annual performance reviews

Forensic Scientist


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Casework

  • Case file reviews

  • Random Reanalysis

  • Proficiency tests

    • Internal

    • External

  • Courtroom testimony monitoring


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Laboratory Audits

  • Annual Internal Self-Check/Audit

  • Annual External Audit by Command personnel

  • Annual Quality System Review


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System Accreditation

  • ASCLD/LAB

  • ISO

  • FBI DNA Quality Assurance Standards


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ASCLD/LAB

  • American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors/Laboratory Advisory Board

  • Started in late 70’s

  • 1982 Illinois State Police System first system accredited

  • Reaccreditation cycle: 5 years


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Accreditation process is looking at TWO major areas:

Are we meeting all of the criteria?

Are we doing what we say?

Do we say what we are doing?

ASCLD/LAB


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ASCLD/LABACCREDITATION

  • 151 STANDARDS OR CRITERIA

  • 90 Essential criteria 100%

  • 45 Important criteria 75%

  • 16 Desirable criteria 50%

  • If not successful-remediation and reinspected


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Team of inspectors from other crime labs

Prior to inspection, reviews all policies and procedures

During inspection, inspectors review case files, interview staff, go through administrative files

ASCLD/LAB


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ISO/IEC

  • INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION/INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION

  • ISO/IEC 17025

  • General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories


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ISO/IEC

  • Headquartered in Switzerland

  • 147 members

    • 1 per country or economy

  • Form committees

    • Write the clauses

  • ISO does not accredit


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General Req for competence of Testing laboratories

Any lab including Forensic labs

General Req for Accrediting Bodies

Guidelines for Quality systems auditing

ASCLD/LAB

NFSTC-FQS-I



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ISO/IEC

  • 1999 Forensic Community met in Australia

  • Created “Forensic Standards Document” called Guide 19

  • G-19

    • ASCLD/LAB standards

    • Amplification document to ISO 17025


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ISO/IEC

ISO 17025

  • 100 clauses for testing laboratories

  • Guide 19

    • 151 standards from ASCLD/LAB document

  • Total of 251 clauses/criteria


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FBI DNA Quality Assurance Standards

In order to participate in CODIS all laboratories must be audited against this audit document.

FBI/DNA QAS

200 standards all must be 100% met


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Summary

  • ASCLD/LAB 151 standards

  • ISO 17025 250 clauses

    • Guide 19 151 standards

  • FBI QAS stds 210

  • TOTAL 762 standards


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Happy

Halloween!!!


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