What explains an increase in personal income in 1941?. What were the causes and effects of WWII?. What is this graphic measuring?. What explains the graphic from 1929 to 1933?. What explains the graphic from 1933 to 1937?. Why is the year 2000 included?. ITALY. Soviet Union. Germany.
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What explains the graphic from 1929 to 1933?
What explains the graphic from 1933 to 1937?
Why is the year 2000 included?
I. WWII Background: 1920s and 1930s
-Failure of Treaty of Versailles to make a lasting peace
-Worldwide Great Depression
-Rise of totalitarian dictators making “promises” to their people
-Strong isolationist sentiment around world— no more war
-Failure of League of Nations to stop dictators
II. WWII: TRIGGER
WWII began with Hitler’s invasion of Poland (1939), followed
shortly after by the Soviet Union’s invasion of Poland from the
east and the Baltic countries – divided Poland.
Blitzkrieg (“lightning war”)
During 1st two years of war,
U.S. remains officially neutral
as Germany overran France
and most of Europe.
June 23, 1940—Hitler tours Paris
Battle of Britain-
German Luftwaffe (airforce)
attack British targets. British
people suffer, but RAF pilots
fights back and a frustrated
Hitler calls off attack.
“Never in the field of human conflict
was so much owed by so many
to so few.” Winston Churchill
and invaded the Soviet Union.
the 1st two years of WWII?
U.S. is “officially neutral”
for first 2 years but….
Lend-Lease Act- U.S. gives Britain
war supplies and old naval warships in
return for military bases in Bermuda
“lending a garden hose to a next-door neighbor
whose house is on fire.” Franklin Roosevelt
… “the great arsenal of democracy.” FDR
1930s Japan sought military and economic domination
over Asia-- invaded Manchuria and China
U.S. refused to recognize Japanese conquests. Imposed
an embargo on exports of oil and steel---tensions rise.
While negotiating with U.S. and without warning, Japan carried
out an air attack on the American naval base at
Pearl Harbor, Hawaii— Dec. 7, 1941.
1 ½ hours:
180 Japanese warplanes
2,403 Americans dead
1,178 Americans wounded
21 ships - - 8 battleships
Japan destroyed much of the American Pacific fleet and killed
several thousand Americans. Congress declares war on Japan.
“…a date that will live in infamy.” FDR
In memory of nearly 1,000
servicemen trapped inside
on Dec. 7, 1941.
Dorie Miller- USS West Virginia
Navy Cross for bravery
prejudice on West Coast
False belief that
were aiding the enemy
were relocated to
Korematsu v. U.S. (1944)-
Supreme Court upheld decision, “military necessity.”
Public apology was eventually
issued by the U.S. gov’t.
Financial payment of $20,000
promised to each Japanese-American survivor.
“We can never fully right the wrongs of the past.
But we can take a clear stand for justice and recognize that
serious injustices were done to Japanese Americans during WWII.”
George Bush (1990)
What does this poster encourage you to save?
What symbols encourage Americans to buy War Bonds?
What factory method does is this image demonstrate?
What is this boy doing to support the war effort?
In what way does the cartoon depict the Nazis?