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U.S. Foreign Policy Roosevelt & Taft. Unit 2 – US History. US Foreign Policy. “All future wars will be conflicts for commerce” Beveridge, US Senator, 1900 Commercial expansion a priority Sending troops to defend markets if necessary policy of self-interest .

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U s foreign policy roosevelt taft l.jpg

U.S. Foreign PolicyRoosevelt & Taft

Unit 2 – US History


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US Foreign Policy

  • “All future wars will be conflicts for commerce”

    Beveridge, US Senator, 1900

  • Commercial expansion a priority

    • Sending troops to defend markets if necessary

  • policy of self-interest


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Roosevelt’s Big Stick Policy

  • Negotiate Peacefully, but threaten the use of military intervention

  • Example: Panama Canal

    • Tried to negotiate an agreement with Columbia (Hay Herran Treaty)

    • Columbia refused, so US supported a rebellion by Panama

    • The Canal was built



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Purpose of the Panama Canal

  • Economic

    • Reduce travel time to ship goods and save millions of dollars

    • Money (fees) from use of Canal

  • Military

    • Shortened distance to move ships from Atlantic to Pacific


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Roosevelt Corollaryto Monroe Doctrine

  • U.S. had right to act as “police force” in the Western Hemisphere to maintain stability or stop wrong-doing

  • Example: Dominican Republic – US seized custom houses and custom fees, to pay back German debt and avoid Germany from sending troops to DR


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Taft’s Dollar Diplomacy

  • Substituting Dollars for bullets

    • Attempt to gain friends and allies in Latin America

  • Example: Latin America

    • American bankers lent money to Central American countries

    • US Government encouraged investment in Latin American mines, banana, coffee, RR

      • Loans damaged economies in LA

      • US used power to protect Am. Investors from loan defaults and unfriendly governments


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China Open Door PolicyRoosevelt & Taft

  • Ended Spheres of Influence in China

  • Stated All European Nations and the United States could trade with China


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War with Philippines

  • Filipino rebels had expected independence after Spanish-American War

  • US Reasons to Imperialize: naval base, natural resources, racial superiority

  • Emilio Aguinaldo waged guerilla war against US from 1902-1906

  • US won war, but later granted Filipino independence in 1942


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Balance of PowerRoosevelt

  • Insure no one country gains too much power in Asia

    Example:

    Russo Japanese War

  • Roosevelt negotiated a peace agreement to keep Japan or Russia from having too much power


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Roosevelt’s Gentleman’s Agreement

  • Reason: Racial Superiority

  • US would end segregation of Japanese-American’s in San Francisco Schools

  • Japan had to “voluntarily” reduce immigration to US

  • Great White Fleet

    • Sent around the

      world with a “special”

      Stop in Japan.

      Why?____________


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