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U.S. Foreign Policy Roosevelt & Taft

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U.S. Foreign Policy Roosevelt & Taft. Unit 2 – US History. US Foreign Policy. “All future wars will be conflicts for commerce” Beveridge, US Senator, 1900 Commercial expansion a priority Sending troops to defend markets if necessary policy of self-interest .

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us foreign policy
US Foreign Policy
  • “All future wars will be conflicts for commerce”

Beveridge, US Senator, 1900

  • Commercial expansion a priority
    • Sending troops to defend markets if necessary
  • policy of self-interest
roosevelt s big stick policy
Roosevelt’s Big Stick Policy
  • Negotiate Peacefully, but threaten the use of military intervention
  • Example: Panama Canal
    • Tried to negotiate an agreement with Columbia (Hay Herran Treaty)
    • Columbia refused, so US supported a rebellion by Panama
    • The Canal was built
purpose of the panama canal
Purpose of the Panama Canal
  • Economic
    • Reduce travel time to ship goods and save millions of dollars
    • Money (fees) from use of Canal
  • Military
    • Shortened distance to move ships from Atlantic to Pacific
roosevelt corollary to monroe doctrine
Roosevelt Corollaryto Monroe Doctrine
  • U.S. had right to act as “police force” in the Western Hemisphere to maintain stability or stop wrong-doing
  • Example: Dominican Republic – US seized custom houses and custom fees, to pay back German debt and avoid Germany from sending troops to DR
taft s dollar diplomacy
Taft’s Dollar Diplomacy
  • Substituting Dollars for bullets
    • Attempt to gain friends and allies in Latin America
  • Example: Latin America
    • American bankers lent money to Central American countries
    • US Government encouraged investment in Latin American mines, banana, coffee, RR
      • Loans damaged economies in LA
      • US used power to protect Am. Investors from loan defaults and unfriendly governments
china open door policy roosevelt taft
China Open Door PolicyRoosevelt & Taft
  • Ended Spheres of Influence in China
  • Stated All European Nations and the United States could trade with China
war with philippines
War with Philippines
  • Filipino rebels had expected independence after Spanish-American War
  • US Reasons to Imperialize: naval base, natural resources, racial superiority
  • Emilio Aguinaldo waged guerilla war against US from 1902-1906
  • US won war, but later granted Filipino independence in 1942
balance of power roosevelt
Balance of PowerRoosevelt
  • Insure no one country gains too much power in Asia

Example:

Russo Japanese War

  • Roosevelt negotiated a peace agreement to keep Japan or Russia from having too much power
roosevelt s gentleman s agreement
Roosevelt’s Gentleman’s Agreement
  • Reason: Racial Superiority
  • US would end segregation of Japanese-American’s in San Francisco Schools
  • Japan had to “voluntarily” reduce immigration to US
  • Great White Fleet
    • Sent around the

world with a “special”

Stop in Japan.

Why?____________

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