The reign of louis xiv
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Religious Wars. St. Bartholomew's Day MassacreHuguenots slaughtered by CatholicsCatherine de Medici's daughter marring Huguenot prince

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The Reign of Louis XIV

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The reign of louis xiv

The Reign of Louis XIV

Mr. Walker


Religious wars

Religious Wars

  • St. Bartholomews Day Massacre

    • Huguenots slaughtered by Catholics

    • Catherine de Medicis daughter marring Huguenot prince Henry of Navarre

    • Most nobles died, Henry survives

  • Henry IV Had to Rebuild France

    • Pressured into converting to Catholicism

    • Tries to help France more

    • Edict of Nantes

      • Declared Huguenots could live in peace in France

    • Some liked him (peace) some didnt (religion)

    • Assassinated Stabbed in a carriage


Henry iv

Henry IV


Louis xiii

Louis XIII

  • Henry IVs son Weak ruler

  • Appointed Cardinal Richelieu (RISHuhloo)

    • Real Ruler of France

    • Took Action vs. Protestants No Walls

    • No More Castles for Nobles

    • Increased Power of Govt Agents Middle Class

    • Wanted World Power Hapsburgs (Powerful Family)

      • Gets Involved in the Thirty Years War


Cardinal richelieu

Cardinal Richelieu


French writers

French Writers

  • Skepticism

    • Idea that nothing can be known for certain

  • Michel de Montaigne

    • Essay

      • Brief written work that expresses a persons thoughts and opinions.

    • New beliefs replace old ones Never have absolute knowledge

  • Ren Descartes

    • Father of Modern Philosophy (and Math too)

    • Scientific Method

    • I think, therefore, I am


Michel de montaigne

Michel de Montaigne


Ren descartes

Ren Descartes


Louis xiv s reign

Louis XIVs Reign

  • Most Powerful Ruler in French History

  • 14-years old

    • Cardinal Mazarin (MazuhRAN)

      • Ended the Thirty Years War

      • Taxes & Strengthened Cent. Govt

      • Many People Hated Him for This (Nobles)

      • Attempt a Rebellion, but Fail

        • 1 Distrusted leaders more than Mazarin

        • 2 Violent Repression

        • 3 Peasants Hated Fighting Alternative (Rebellion) Was Worse

    • Key to Who Louis is


Cardinal mazarin

Cardinal Mazarin


Cardinal mazarin1

Cardinal Mazarin


Louis xiv

Louis XIV

  • Louis = 22 when Mazarin dies

  • Weakened Noble Power

    • Excluded From Councils

    • Intendants

      • Government Agents/Tax Collectors/Police

  • Economic Growth

    • Jean Baptiste Colbert (kawlBEHR)

    • Minister of Finance

    • Believed in Mercantilism

    • Wanted France to be self-sufficient, no imports


Louis xiv1

Louis XIV


Jean baptiste colbert

Jean Baptiste Colbert


Colbert

Colbert

  • Tax Breaks and $$ to French Companies

  • Very High Tariffs

  • Encouraged French Colonies in Canada

  • After Colberts Death, Louis Repeals Edict of Nantes

    • Thousands of Huguenots Flee Country (Skilled Workers & Businessmen)


The sun king

The Sun King

  • 8:30 Wake-up Call

  • 100 Nobles - 4 Help Him Dress

  • Keeps Nobles at Versailles

    • Keeps Power With Intendants

    • Grand Style Showed Wealth and Power

  • Changes Art

    • No Longer to Glorify God Middle Ages

    • No Longer to Glorify Human Potential Renaissance

    • Glorify King and Absolute Rule


Palace at versailles

Palace at Versailles


War time

War Time

  • Louis invades neighbors to the west

  • Success makes him want to go north

  • Not as successful, flood countryside

  • European-wide alliance

    • League of Augsburg

    • Austria, Sweden, and Spain = France

  • Poor harvests, war, high taxes


Succession

Succession

  • Charles II of Spain childless

  • Promise throne to Philip of Anjou

    • Louis XIVs Grandson

  • HUGE power

  • War of the Spanish Succession - 1701

    • War when England, Austria, Dutch Rep., Portugal, German and Italian states try to prevent union of French and Spanish throne.

  • 1714 Treaty of Utrecht

    • Philip can keep the throne, but cant be united

    • Britain gets Gibraltar Mediterranean entrance


Louis death

Louis Death

  • Sad years, apologized to people

  • Cheered his death

  • Mixed legacy

    • Times of great power

    • Military leader of Europe

    • Warfare

    • Versailles debt

    • Abuse of power

  • His ideas did not die however

  • Prussia and Austria on deck


This said that all huguenots could live in peace in france louis xiv later repealed it

This said that all Huguenots could live in peace in France, Louis XIV later repealed it.

  • Treaty of Utrecht

  • Treaty of Tordesillas

  • Edict of Nantes

  • Divine Right


The reign of louis xiv

I helped Louis XIII run France and was responsible for getting France involved in the Thirty Years War.

  • Jean Baptiste Colbert

  • Cardinal Richelieu

  • Cardinal Mazarin

  • Ren Descartes


I am a skeptic i also helped develop the idea of the scientific method

I am a skeptic. I also helped develop the idea of the scientific method.

  • Jean Baptiste Colbert

  • Cardinal Richelieu

  • Cardinal Mazarin

  • Ren Descartes


The reign of louis xiv

I helped Louis XIV run France until he was old enough to do it himself. I pulled France out of the Thirty Years War.

  • Jean Baptiste Colbert

  • Cardinal Richelieu

  • Cardinal Mazarin

  • Ren Descartes


I was louis xiv s minister of finance i wanted france to be 100 self sufficient

I was Louis XIVs Minister of Finance. I wanted France to be 100% self-sufficient.

  • Jean Baptiste Colbert

  • Cardinal Richelieu

  • Cardinal Mazarin

  • Ren Descartes


I became france s most powerful ruler and called myself the sun king

I became Frances most powerful ruler and called myself The Sun King

  • Louis XIII

  • Louis XIV

  • Henry IV

  • Henry VIII


Louis xiv s magnificent palace was called this

Louis XIVs magnificent palace was called this

  • El Escorial

  • The Sun Palace

  • Versailles

  • Palace of Westphalia


This war was to prevent the thrones of france and spain to combine

This war was to prevent the thrones of France and Spain to combine.

  • War of Spanish Succession

  • Thirty Years War

  • Spanish-American War

  • Seven Years War


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