Introduction to the Law of Searches. 4th Amendment. People have the right to be secure in their houses, papers, and effects. No unreasonable search and seizures. Applicable to the States through the Due Process clause in the 14th Amendment. Generally only applies to governmental conduct.
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Areas Outside Curtilage
Much less expectation of privacy in open fields.
Areas around the person’s home
Can include some or all outbuildings such as garages and barns.
More of an expectation of privacy with curtilage.Curtilage vs. Open Fields
A search warrant based on probable cause is needed to search.
There are exceptions.
Was there a reasonable expectation of privacy?
Items held out to the public have no expectation of privacy.
Curtilage and the “Open Fields Doctrine”.Review