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How to make Biscuits

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How to make Biscuits - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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How to make Biscuits. Biscuit Ingredients Flour Sugar Butter/oil Raising Agent Flavourings/Decoration. Flour. We also need flour that is made from wheat The flour comes from the grains at the end of the stalks. Flour. You need to grind the grains up in a mill to make flour.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Biscuit Ingredients

  • Flour
  • Sugar
  • Butter/oil
  • Raising Agent
  • Flavourings/Decoration
slide3

Flour

We also need flour that is made from wheat

The flour comes from the grains at the end of the stalks

slide4

Flour

You need to grind the grains up in a mill to make flour.

Windmills were used to make flour but most is now made in modern factories.

There are three different types: plain flour, self raising flour and wholemeal flour.

Self raising flour has a raising agent added to it to make things rise when cooking

Wholemeal flour is made using the whole grain of wheat

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Where does Sugar come from?

Sugar comes from two very different types of plant

Photo Flickr.com

Sugar comes from sugar cane that is grown in hot countries like India and the Caribbean

Sugar also comes from sugar beet that grows in countries like the UK

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Sugar

After processing both types of sugar look the same

Sugar makes things taste sweet – but too much can be bad for your teeth!

You need sugar in biscuits to make them taste nice and to give them texture

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Butter and oils

For home baking most people will use butter or margarine.

At United Biscuits we use more oils such as sunflower oil – which is healthier

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Raising agents

Baking powder or bicarbonate of soda are the most common raising agents.

You need them to make biscuit doughs expand or rise up during cooking to make the biscuits bigger.

They are not need in every recipe and you only need a small amount – normally less than a teaspoon full

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Flavouring and Decoration

Make your biscuits different by:

Using different flavours

Using different shapes

Using different decoration

What will you do with your biscuits?

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Different Flavour Suggestions

Oats will make your biscuits crunchier like a flapjack

Dried fruit such as raisins, sultanas or cherries will give your biscuits a fruity taste

Add grated coconut for a tropical taste

Add a small amount of spices such as cinnamon or ‘mixed spice’ to spice up your biscuits

A few chocolate chips will give your biscuits a chocolatey flavour

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Shaping your biscuits

These are biscuit cutters to make your biscuits different shapes

But don’t worry if you do not have one you can use an down cups instead to cut out your biscuits from the dough

Or you can use a knife or spatula to cut out biscuits in any shape you like!

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Decorating your biscuits

  • Your can decorate the top of your biscuits with:
  • More fruit such as cherries or raisins
  • A sweet
  • Chocolate chips
  • Icing
  • A Dusting of icing sugar to make them look frosted
glossary
Glossary
  • Processing means how we change a raw material such as the sugar beet into sugar that can be used in cooking
  • Texture is how things feel – this could mean how a biscuit is to hold in your hand or how it feels in your mouth eg hard and crunchy or soft and chewy
  • Dough is the soft lump of mixture that is made by mixing the ingredients before they are cut into shapes and cooked
  • Spatula is a flat knife like tool without sharp edges that is used to shape things like cakes and biscuits and to lift them or turn them over, especially when they are hot
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