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GREATER PALM SPRINGS CRYSTAL METH TASK FORCE. Crystal Meth 101. Orientation and Ground Rules. What is Critical Thinking?. Critical Thinking is the process of suspending one’s own belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

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Orientation and Ground Rules

What is Critical Thinking?


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Critical Thinking is the process of suspending one’s own belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.


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Critical Thinking includes the concept of belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.person as subject, rather than person as object.


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OVERVIEW OF ADDICTION belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.


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The Disease Concept of Chemical Dependency belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • “Dis-ease”

  • A primary disease

  • Progressive and fatal


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Signs and Symptoms of Chemical Dependency belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • Tolerance

  • Withdrawal

  • Psychological dependence

  • Physiological dependence

  • Ritualistic behaviors

  • The phenomenon of craving

  • Denial


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Stages of Chemical Use belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • Experimental use

  • Social/recreational using

  • Daily preoccupation

  • Dependency


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Summary belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • Addiction is a disease

  • Addiction = tolerance + withdrawal + ritualistic behavior + craving


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The Feeling Chart: belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.Experimental Use

1 → 2

3 ←

pain normal euphoria


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The Feeling Chart: belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.Social/Recreational Use

1 →→ → 2

3 ← ← ←

pain normal euphoria


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The Feeling Chart: belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.Chemical Abuse

1 →→→ 2

3 ← ← ← ← ← ←

pain normal euphoria


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The Feeling Chart: belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.Chemical Dependence

1 → → 2

3 ← ← ←

pain normal euphoria


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Progression of the Disease belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Experimental use

More regular use

Daily preoccupation

Dependency

Occasional use of alcohol and other drugs

Easy to get high

Alcohol or other drug use with friends

Thinking that “everyone does it”

Feeling pride in being able to “handle it”

Start having blackouts or overdoing it

Use on weeknights begin

Hiding how much you use

Skipping work/school

Feeling guilty

Tolerance increases

Making excuses about chemical use

Planning your day around your chemical use

Beginning to worry about your “stash” or supply

Changes in friends and meeting places

Decreased ability to stop

Using alone

Unwilling to discuss problem

Family/friends express concern

Isolation

Avoiding family/friends

Developing an “I don’t care” attitude

Loss of usual interests

Difficulty facing the day

Daily use

Remorseful

Work and financial trouble

Irrational resentments

Lengthy binges

Physical deterioration

Fear and anxiety

Running out of alibis

Admitting complete defeat


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12-Step View of Addiction belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • “An allergy of the body, a malady of the spirit and an obsession of the mind”

  • Complete abstinence from all mind altering chemicals

  • Recovery is slow and an on-going process

  • Natural state of an alcoholic/addict is irritable, restless and discontent

  • Abstinence requires daily work/maintenance

  • Fellowship is a key part of recovery


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HARM REDUCTION belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • Accepts, that drug use is part of our world and chooses to work to minimize its harmful effects rather than simply ignore or condemn them

  • Acknowledges that some ways of using drugs are clearly safer than others

  • Calls for the non-judgmental, non-coercive provision of services and resources to people who use drugs

  • Affirms drugs users themselves as the primary agents of reducing the harms of their drug use, and seeks to empower users to share information and support each other

  • Recognizes that the realities of poverty, class, racism, social isolation, past trauma, sex-based discrimination and other social inequalities affect both people's vulnerability to and capacity for effectively dealing with drug-related harm.

  • Does not attempt to minimize or ignore the real and tragic harm and danger associated with licit and illicit drug use


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Other Modalities of Treatment belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • Medical Model

  • Social Model

  • Rational Recovery


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AA Preamble belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

ALCOHOLICS ANONYMOUS is a fellowship of men and women who share their experience, strength and hope with each other that they may solve their common problem and help others to recover from alcoholism. The only requirement for membership is a desire to stop drinking. There are no dues or fees for A.A. membership; we are self-supporting through our own contributions. A.A. is not allied with any sect, denomination, politics, organization or institution; does not wish to engage in any controversy; neither endorses nor opposes any causes. Our primary purpose is to stay sober and help other alcoholics to achieve sobriety.


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CMA Preamble belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Crystal Meth Anonymous is a fellowship of people for whom crystal meth has become a serious problem. The members of Crystal Meth Anonymous meet regularly, share support and fellowship, and create a safe environment in which to stay clean. The fellowship advocates complete abstinence from crystal meth, alcohol, inhalents…medication taken not as prescribed as well as all other mind altering substances.


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ARE YOU A TWEAKER? belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

It doesn’t matter what you call it. It doesn’t matter how you did it. It brought us to our knees, because, without exception, that’s what it does. 

Is speed a problem in your life? Are you an addict? Only you can answer those questions. For most of us who have admitted defeat, the answer is very clear. Yes, we had a problem with speed, and no, we couldn’t fix the problem by ourselves. We had to admit defeat to win. Speed was our master.

 We couldn’t control our drug use. What started out as weekend or occasional use became daily use, and we soon found ourselves beyond human aid. We truly suffered from a lack of power to fix our problem.

 Some of used speed as tool to work harder and longer, but we couldn’t keep a job. Others picked at their faces and arms for hours and hours or pulled out their hair. Some of us had uncontrollable sexual desire. Others endlessly tinkered with projects, accomplishing nothing, but found ourselves so busy we couldn’t get to work on time.

 We deluded ourselves into thinking that staying up for nights on end was OK, that our tweaking was under control, and that we could quit if we wanted to, or that we couldn’t afford to quit, or that our using didn’t affect our lives.

 Maybe we saw a friend go to jail, or lose their apartment, or lose their job, or lose the trust of their family, or die, but our clouded minds wouldn’t admit we were next.

 Most of us saw no way out, believing that we would use until the day we died.

 Almost universally, if we had an honest moment, we found that our drug usemade seemingly insurmountable problems in our lives.

 The only way out was if we had the courage to admit that speed, our one time friend, was killing us.

 It doesn’t matter how you got here. The courts sent some of us; others came for family or friends, and some of us came to CMA on our own. The question is if you want help and are willing to go to any lengths to change your life.


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SEX WORDS EXERCISE belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.


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HIV and AIDS belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.


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What is HIV? belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

is the virus that weakens the immune system and can cause AIDS. The virus can be passed from one person to another through blood-to-blood and sexual contact. Pregnant women can pass HIV to their baby during pregnancy or delivery as well as through breast feeding. People with HIV have what is called HIV infection.

Traditionally only AIDS cases have been reported. But recently in California, new cases of HIVinfection are being reported by a unique identifier (no names).


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Where did it come from? belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

The earliest known case was from a blood sample collected in 1959 from a man in the Republic of Congo (how he became infected is not known). Genetic analysis of this blood sample suggests that HIV-1 may have stemmed from a single virus in the late 1940’s or early 1950’s.

The cause of AIDS is a virus that scientists isolated in 1983. The virus was first named HTLV-III (human T-cell lymphotropic virus-type III. Later it was changed to HIV.

There are two types of HIV. HIV-1 mostly found in the U.S. HIV-2 mostly found in Europe, Asia, Africa and Sub-Saharan countries.


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Some scientists believe belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.HIV spread from monkeys to humans between 1926 – 1946. Recent research indicates HIV most probably first crossed species from chimpanzees to humans as early as 1675 and did not establish itself as a epidemic in Africa until 1930.

1926

History

Researchers studied 1,213 plasma samples obtained from Africa between 1959 – 1982. The 1959 sample tested positive HIV-1 becoming the oldest confirmed case of HIV. The case of a Manchester sailor who died of AIDS-like illness in 1959 was reported to be the oldest, but it has not been confirmed.

1959

1978

Gay men in the US & Sweden – heterosexuals in Tanzania and Haiti begin showing symptoms of what later be called AIDS.


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1984 belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Robert Gallo claims he discovered the virus a year later after the French isolated it. U.S. President Reagan has not mentioned the word AIDS in public. 11,055 cases in the U.S.; 5,620 dead.

History

CDC notices an alarming rate of of rare cancer (Kaposi's Sarcoma). First called “gay cancer” soon after rename it GRID (gay related immune deficiency). 1,614 AIDS cases diagnosed in the U.S.; 619 dead

1981

CDC warns blood banks of possible problem with the blood supply. Institut Pasteur in France finds the virus. 4,749 cases of AIDS in the U.S.; 2,122 dead.

1983


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History continued belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

FDA approves the first HIV-1 antibody test. The first International Conference on AIDS is held in Atlanta, GA. Nothing from President Reagan yet. 22,996 AIDS cases in the U.S.; 12,592 dead – including: Rock Hudson and Ricky Wilson (B-52’s).

1985

1987

AZT becomes the first drug approved by the FDA. 71,176 AIDS cases diagnosed in the U.S.; 41,027 dead – including: Liberace and Michael Bennett (Chorus Line).

Ronald Reagan apologizes for his neglect of the epidemic while he was president. Magic Johnson tells the world he has HIV. 257,750 AIDS diagnosed in the U.S.; 157,637 dead – including: Keith Haring (artist), Ryan White.

1990


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History continued belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

FDA approves the first Protease Inhibitors for HIV treatment. 534,806 AIDS diagnosis, 332,249 dead in the U.S.

1995

For the first time, death from AIDS plummeted more than 40 percent during the first half of 1997. Scientists say the decline can be traced to new drugs. As well the number of new cases of AIDS are decreasing, but about 40,000 new HIV infections occur each year.''

1997

For the first time in more than 17 years, the Bay Area Reporter (A SF Gay weekly) contained no obituaries of AIDS victims.

1998

CDC reports that HIV infection rates rising among Gay and Bisexual men.

2003


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How belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.HIV infects the body

When HIV infects the body, it prefers to attack certain cells of our defense system. These cells are called helper T cells. HIV specializes in these cells since these cells have CD4 molecules on the surface to which HIV binds

helper T cell

A person normally has between 600 – 1500 T cells


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How belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.HIV infects the body

The virus anchors itself to the CD4 on the surface of the helper T cell causing the viral membrane to fuse with the host cell’s membrane. This is how the virus genetic information gets inside the cell.

The virus’s DNA converts itself into RNA


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How belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.HIV infects the body

A copy of the RNA genetic information is added to the bubble . This section of the cell membrane turns inside out and new viruses are released.

Cell Death

The release of new virus particles significantly weakens the host cell which soon dies. That’s how the immune system weakens.


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Transmission belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

These bodily fluids have been proven to spread HIV:

  • blood

  • semen

  • pre-ejaculate or pre-cum

  • vaginal fluids

  • breast milk


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HIV belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another. Symptoms

  • rapid weight loss

  • dry cough

  • recurring fever or profuse night sweats

  • profound & unexplained fatigue

  • swollen lymph glands

  • diarrhea lasting more than one week

  • white spots or unusual blemishes on the tongue, mouth or throat

  • pneumonia

  • Red, brown, pink, or purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids.

  • Memory loss, depression, and other neurological disorders


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What is belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.AIDS?

Acquired

Immuno

Deficiency

Syndrome

An HIV infected person receives an AIDS diagnosis after developing one of the CDC-defined opportunistic infections and or a CD4 cell count of below 200.

AIDS cases are reportable to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


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1. belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another. Candidiasis of bronchi, trachea, or lungs

2. Candidiasis, esophageal

3. CD4 counts below 200, or a CD4 percentage less than 14

4. Cervical cancer, invasive

5. Coccidiomycosis, disseminated or extrapulmonary (Valley Fever)

6. Cryptococcosis, extrapulmonary

7. Cryptosporidiosis, chronic intestinal (>1 month duration)

8. Cytomegalovirus disease (CMV); other than liver, spleen or nodes

9. Cytomegalovirus retinitis (with loss of vision)

10. HIV encephalopathy

11. Herpes simplex: chronic ulcer(s) (>1 month duration); or bronchitis, pneumonitis, or esophagitis

12. Histoplasmosis, disseminated or extrapulmonary

AIDS Defining Conditions

(Opportunistic Infections)


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Opportunistic Infections… continued belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

13.Isosporiasis, chronic intestinal (>1 month duration)

14. Kaposi's Sarcoma (KS)

15. Lymphoma, Burkitt's (or equivalent term)

16. Lymphoma, immunoblastic (or equivalent term)

17. Lymphoma, primary in brain

18. Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), disseminated or extrapulmonary

19. Mycobacterium tuberculosis, any site (pulmonary or extrapulmonary)

20. Mycobacterium,, disseminated or extrapulmonary

21. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP)

22. Pneumonia, recurrent

23. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML)

24 Salmonella septicemia, recurrent

25. Toxoplasmosis of brain

26. Wasting syndrome due to HIV


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Testing belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Antibody Testing

Detects the specific immune response to HIV the body sends out to fight HIV infection (antibodies). Takes 2 weeks to 6 months (window period) to develop enough antibodies for the test to be 99.8 % accurate.

  • Oral test – OraSure

  • Blood test

  • Rapid Test

    PCR/DNA (Viral Load)

    Detects the presence of the HIV-1 or HIV-2 in the body. The window period for this test is 14 days to be 100% accurate.

  • Blood only


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Prevention belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • Not having sex (abstinence) is the safest

  • Condoms are best protection to prevent the transfer of fluids

  • Limit the number of sex partners. This may lower your chances of getting infected

  • Not sharing needles for IV drug use, steroids, vitamins, etc..

  • Not sharing toys

  • Test every 6 months for all STD’s. The presence of an STD increases the chances of HIV infection.

  • Communicate with your partners about safer sex.


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STD 101 belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.


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Chlamydia belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Cause Chlamydia Trachomatis (Bacteria)

How transmitted Direct contact with infected sexual

fluids during genital, oral or anal sex.

Symptoms Many males and most females have no

symptoms. May have burning on urination, discharge,

abdominal pain, pain during sex, or females may bleed

during or after sex. Symptoms begin 1-3 weeks or

longer after contact

Diagnostic tests Swab of urethra in males or cervix in

females, urine test, or swab of anus or throat

Treatment Antibiotics

Complications Can cause Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

(PID) in females, which is a serious infection of the

reproductive organs that can lead to sterility. It can also

cause eye infections or pneumonia in infant during

birth.


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Gonorrhea belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Cause Neisseria Gonorrhea (Bacteria)

How transmitted Direct contact with infected sexual

fluids during genital, oral or anal sex.

Symptoms May have no symptoms - especially

females. May have burning while urinating, and thick

yellowish discharge.

Diagnostic tests Swab of urethra in male and cervix in

female, urine test, and throat swab.

Treatment Antibiotics

Complications Can cause PID in females, which can

lead to sterility. Can cause heart and brain infection.

Can cause blindness in infants if infected during birth.


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Syphilis belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Cause Treponema Pallidum (Bacteria)

How transmitted Direct contact with sores of infected

person. Case remains infectious for up to 2 years after

infected.

Symptoms A painless open sore (chancre) appears

between 10 days and 3 months after exposure. May

also cause skin rash on hands and feet. All symptoms

go away without treatment.

Diagnostic tests Blood test. Swab of chancre.

Treatment Antibiotics

Complications Can cause heart, brain, spinal cord,

bone and joint damage. Can cause death if

untreated.


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Genital Herpes belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Cause Herpes Simplex Virus

How transmitted Direct skin-to-skin contact with the

site of infection to the site of contact during genital,

oral or anal sex.

Symptoms Painful sores appear on the genital, rectum,

or other parts of the body. Symptoms usually disappear

causing victims to mistakenly think they are cured.

Repeated outbreaks are common.

Diagnostic tests Swab of the sores or blisters. A blood

test is not a good indicator of infection.

Treatment Antiviral creams or pills. There is no cure.

Complications Can pass to other sites if not careful

with hand washing after touching sores. Infants can be

infected at birth causing serious medical problems

including death.


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Genital Warts belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Cause Human Papilloma Virus

How transmitted Direct skin-to-skin contact with an infected person or previously infected person. Warts may show up anywhere from 1 1/2 to 8 months after exposure.

Symptoms Causes a wart usually on genitals. May cause itching or burning. Usually found on the penis, vulva

(vagina), but also may be found on the mouth, throat,

cervix and anus.

Diagnostic tests Direct visual exam. Pap tests in females.

Treatment Warts may be removed with either liquid,

freezing or laser. Surgery may be required if severe.


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Hepatitis B belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.(Also known as HBV)

Cause and Transmission: The virus can be spread by percutaneous routes (e.g. needle sharing, acupuncture, ear piercing, tattooing, transfusions, receiving blood products) and through very close personal contact involving the exchange of blood or secretions (e.g. sex, child birth, breast feeding, anal rimming, etc.). The most common means of transmission of HBV in the U.S. is via the sexual route.

Symptoms

• Fatigue

• Anorexia; recovery follows regaining appetite.

• Nausea pain and fullness in the upper right

quadrant

• Fever

• Arthritis and rash

• Liver shrinkage

• Severe liver damage and bleeding; can be fatal.


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Hepatitis B belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.(Also known as HBV) cont.

At high risk for HBV infection:

• Intravenous drug users

• Patients undergoing blood transfusions or

hemodialysis lab

• Personnel in contact with blood and blood products

• Individuals with multiple sexual contacts

(heterosexual and homosexual)

• Immunosuppressed individuals

(e.g. people who are HIV +)

• Infants born to mothers with chronic HBV

• Residents and staff members of institutions for the

mentally handicapped.


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Crabs belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Cause Phthirus Pubis (Pubic Lice)

How transmitted Close physical contact with an infected person (especially sexual contact) Also possible through sharing bedding, clothes, towels and possibly toilet seat.

Symptoms persistent itch in pubic hair - usually worse at night. May see live crab or brown specks in underwear.

Diagnostic tests Visual examination

Treatment Medicated lotion applied to pubic hair.

Complications Secondary infections from scratching.


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Community Acquired Methicillin-Resistant Staph Aureus belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.


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Clinical Aspects belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • Aggressive skin involvement with rapid progression of large, painful abscesses

  • Cellulitis, impetigo, folliculitis, furunculosis, and infected lacerations also seen

  • Incision and drainage = first line of therapy

  • Cultures and sensitivities to determine treatment agents


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Modes of Transmission belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

- Skin to skin contact with another person infected or colonized with MRSA

- Contact with a surface contaminated with the organism


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Possible Risk Factors belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • Exposure to health care settings, jails or prisons

  • Occupations or recreational activities with regular skin to skin contact

  • Exposure to antibiotics

  • Advanced age

  • Immune suppression


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Prevention Messages for Patients belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • Avoid sharing personal items such as towels, soap, clothes, razors etc.

  • Benches in saunas, hot tubs, and athletic equipment may harbor the organism thus efforts should be made not to contact these surfaces directly

  • Wash clothes with hot water and bleach


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Overview of Crystal Meth belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.


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Overview of Crystal Meth belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Crystal methamphetamine goes by lots of different street names:

Crissy

Meth

Crank

Shards

Crystal

Ice

Speed

Crystal Meth

Tina

Glass

Tweak

The 2nd Mrs. Carrington

and lots more.

But whatever it goes by, crystal is a stimulant – an ‘upper.’


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Brief History of Meth belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Amphetamines were first synthesized in 1887. The related compound, methamphetamine was first synthesized in Japan in 1919.


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Brief History of Meth belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • In 1927, when flapper girls were the rage, a British chemist discovered the stimulating effects of meth. He quickly realized their potential for increasing alertness, alleviating fatigue and creating euphoria. Excited over the new prospects of the drug, he studied their ability to mimic an adrenaline rush in the body and the well-known ‘fight or flight’ response.

  • During WWII, amphetamines were sanctioned by a number of governments including Germany, Japan and the United States for their energizing and antidepressant properties. It is estimated that millions of Japanese soldiers, defense workers and civilians used amphetamines and that by the end of the war at least 2 percent of the adult Japanese population were dependent on thedrug.


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Brief History of Meth belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

In the United States, post-war studies of American military prisoners revealed that a notable number of these guys reported abusing amphetamine inhalers. In 1959, the first use in the United States of intravenous injection of the contents of a Benzedrine inhaler was reported; in 1971, the last non-prescription inhaler was removed from the U.S. market pursuant to the passage of the Controlled Substances Act of 1970.

In the United States, there have been three distinct methamphetamine epidemics: one in the 1950s, a second in the late 1960s, and the third and current one that began in the mid-1990s. What makes the current epidemic so concerning is its relationship to the HIV epidemic because men on speed are taking increased risks that they would not ordinarily take.


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Tweaker Vocabulary belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • Amped: High on speed, in the way that is desired and sought by users; see also: Over-amped.

  • Bag Whore: Cruising for drugs more than the hook-up, a bag whore is the person who is always happy to use your stash but never has or buys speed of their own; a person who replies to “has favors” and “can host” profiles but never provides the speed.


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Tweaker Vocabulary belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • Bump: A small amount of speed, usually less than a line, most often snorted.

  • Cook: Someone who manufactures meth.

  • Crank: A variety of speed commonly seen as “dirty” or “dishwater”; cheap, crappy speed; see also: Dick Dope, Raw.

  • Crash: Coming down from high. Symptoms include physical exhaustion, sleepiness, depression and mental confusion.


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Tweaker Vocabulary belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • Crystal: The kind of speed we seek out, in its “pure” crystalline form, looking like bits of glass or ice; see also: Shards.

  • Dick Dope: Also called Dirty Dope, this term refers to cheap, less-than-pure (though very little of what we get is truly pure, right?) speed.

  • Hit: The amount usually ingested via whatever means of administration one has chosen; this can be a Bump or a Line or whatever other amount one uses.

  • Line: Think the 1970s and cocaine; a literal line of powdered speed ready for snorting.


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Tweaker Vocabulary belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • Over-Amped: Higher than you want to be, too much of a good thing way too soon.

  • Point: A syringe; also called Rigs, Sets, Fits, Pencils… check at your local needle exchange and ask what they call them.

  • Quarter (gram): Minimum purchase amount.

  • Ramping: Using incrementally larger amounts over an accustomed, usually short period of time in a an attempt to reach the desired effect; this is something that comes with practice.

  • Raw: As in Crank and Dick Dope above, this is crappy, dishwater dope akin to old-school biker speed.


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CRYSTAL OR SPEED: belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • Speed (amphetamine or methamphetamine) is a stimulant drug.

  • It produces alertness, confidence and raises levels of sexual energy and stamina.

  • It reduces appetite and lessens the desire and ability to sleep.

  • Regular use can produce a need to increase the dose to get the same effect, and can lead to physical dependence on the drug. Speed can produce a powerful craving for more of the drug. Long-term use can result in serious mental and physical problems.


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Ways to Produce Meth belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

The most common way to produce meth is a quick cook process that only requires a few hours. The main ingredients are ephedrine and pseudoephedrine. But because our government so tightly controls these substances, they are very hard to get.

The main effects of tightening federal control have been that:While speed can be and is locally made, it’s often produced by large drug cartels in countries where access to ephedrine is legal.

Increased regulation of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine has meant that cheap substitutes or more toxic substances are often used as replacements.


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Ways to Produce Meth belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

There are a variety of ways to cook speed – and they’ve changed over the years. The biggest reason for the changes is that the government keeps cracking down on access to the raw ingredients and home cooks have to improvise.


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Ways to Produce Meth belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Cooking speed is a toxic process, involving dangerous liquids, solids and gases that are pretty gruesome to name. And the mess that’s left over after production is incredibly toxic. Did you know that the number one use of Superfund dollars in California is cleaning up after meth labs? When they go in to clean up, those guys are wearing haz-mat space suits!!Then, there is the important question of what the speed is ‘cut’ with, meaning what other substances have been added to the meth to stretch out how much is produced. These substances can include: talcum powder, salt, sugar, Prozac, protease inhibitors, Ritalin, laxatives and Epsom salts.


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Ways to Do Meth belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

There are a few ways to do speed. For the most part, the methods depend on which orifice you put the drug in and whether it’s a solid, liquid or gas when it goes in.Each way of doing the drug involves a different ritual. It also takes a different time to kick in – some methods deliver the drug to your brain faster. Remember, faster isn’t necessarily better – faster can also mean more addictive and it can involve more potential harms.


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Swallowing belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

How it’s done:

Can be taken in pill form by putting it into empty gelatin capsules. Other people mix it into water, juice, soda or add it to coffee to make ‘biker coffee.’Time for high to occur:About 20-30 minutes – slow and ‘gentler’ than other methods.This method involves the fewest risks. However, it’s not without risk, especially if there are contaminants in the speed or if stomach troubles, like ulcers are present.


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Snorting belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

How it’s done:

This is the most common method of use. The crystals are chopped up into a powder using a razor blade or Exacto-Knife. The powder is inhaled directly into the nasal passages through a straw or rolled up bill. Once inside the nose and sinuses, the drug is absorbed by the blood vessels. Time for high to occur:About 3-5 minutes. Snorting drugs tends to destroy the tissue in the nose. The lining of the nasal passages is fairly delicate and can be injured leading to nose bleeds, sinus trouble, and in some cases permanent damage to the nasal structure. Sharing straws or bills can transmit all types of germs from the common cold and flu to possibly Hepatitis C (and theoretically HIV).


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Smoking belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

How it’s done:

The drug is heated in a glass pipe until it becomes gaseous (smoke); then, it’s inhaled into the lungs, finally entering the blood stream via the lungs.

Time for high to occur:Time to get off about 7-10 seconds – very quick.Smoke irritates the lungs, which can lead to breathing difficulties and coughing. It’s also most likely carcinogenic. People with asthma, emphysema, and other lung problems are particularly at risk. If you are smoking speed, you are most likely going to consume larger quantities of the drug much faster than if you are snorting or swallowing. Keep in mind, the time to for the high to occur is much quicker and the high is more intense, therefore the tendency to develop addictions to speed using this method is much greater.


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Booty Bumping belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

How it’s done:

The speed is dissolved in water, then a syringe or too without a needle is used to “bump” this liquid solution of crystal into your ass. The drug is absorbed by the blood vessels in the lining of the rectum.Time for high to occur:3-5 minutes.

For a anal receptive bottom after booty bumping, there will be something else in your rectum besides absorbent blood vessels. Also present will be a somewhat abrasive powder which can increase chances for internal abrasion and condom breakage. If there a condom is not used, the risk for abrasions both in the rectum and the penis increase the chance for exchange of blood. Possible damage to the mucous membranes, burning or tearing of the tissue of the rectum which will put you at high risk of transmitting HIV and other STDs.


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Hot Rail belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

How it’s done:

The tip of a short glass stem, or the middle of longer stem, is heated until it’s red-hot. The end of the stem is placed over a bump or line. The heat vaporizes the speed and the vapor is inhaled, usually through the nose.Time for high to occur:Similar to smoking, about 7-10 seconds. As with smoking, the vapor may be carcinogenic and can definitely irritate your lungs. Since you rail through your nose, so there’s also irritation of the nasal passages to consider. The stem will be very very hot, and burns can occur.


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Shooting Up belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

How it’s done:

Crystal is injected directly into the veins with a needle and syringe, commonly known as "works". Other known ways of injecting crystal are "muscling" - injection of the drug into muscle and "skin popping"- injecting the drug under the skin. Muscling and skin popping are not recommended because you won’t get high and it’s almost a guarantee for an abscess.Time to get off: About 15-30 seconds.Injecting directly into the veins is the most dangerous of all forms of administration, as this bypasses all the defenses the body has to protect its blood supply. Abscesses – If the skin through which you inject has bacteria on it, you can develop an abscess at the injection site. Sharing works can transmit numerous diseases such as Hep B, Hep C and HIV. If there is a bubble of air in the mixture, it can travel through the veins to the heart and cause the heart to stop. Any contaminants in the crystal will be injected directly into the bloodstream.


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WHAT ARE THE RISKS OF INJECTING? belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

· The dose reaches the brain almost immediately, increasing the possibility of overdose.

· Impurities are introduced directly into the bloodstream and can cause infections.

· Repeated injections damage the veins, leading to abscesses.

· Sharing syringes can cause hepatitis and HIV, the virus that can cause AIDS.


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SIDE EFFECTS TO LOOK FOR: belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • Hyperactivity

    · The 'comedown' off speed can make your patron tired, lethargic and depressed. This may tempt users to take more.

    ·  Paranoia. Extended use of speed can cause psychosis. The user may think that everybody is out to get them, or that they are being followed or watched.

    ·  Mixing speed with other drugs, particularly other stimulants, can increase the risk of adverse reactions.

    ·  Speed users are at higher HIV and hepatitis risk through unsafe sex and needle sharing.

    ·  Although rare, speed can cause seizures, heart attacks, strokes, and death from overdose.


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HOW TO TELL IF SOMEONE IS USING CRYSTAL belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • grinding teeth

  • obsessive picking of the face or body

  • hallucinations, (auditory or visual), euphoria

  • extreme energy

  • no sleep for 2-3 days

  • dramatic weight loss

  • paranoia and aggressive behavior

  • watery eye’s

  • runny nose


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HIV DRUG INTERACTIONS belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • Taking recreational or illicit drugs with HIV antiviral drugs can be dangerous. The effects are unpredictable, but are influenced by a few variables, including

  • the level of anti-HIV drugs in your bloodstream (the time at which you took the last dose);

  • how well your liver breaks down certain drugs (there is no way of measuring this);

  • the potency, purity and amount of other drugs you take.


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HIV DRUG INTERACTIONS belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • Ecstasy and amphetamines (speed and E) and protease inhibitorsHIV protease inhibitors, particularly ritonavir (Norvir) can interact dangerously with speed or with ecstasy. The interaction between ritonavir and ecstasy has been linked to a death in the UK. Using E and ritonavir together could possibly push up the level of ecstasy in the bloodstream, causing an E overdose. Don’t take E and ritonavir (or another protease inhibitor) at exactly the same time.


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HIV DRUG INTERACTIONS belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Combining other amphetamines – like speed – with protease inhibitors could cause potentially fatal interactions.


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Weights and Measures belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

We get asked all the time to translate dealer lingo (and seasoned user lingo) into plain English – How much is in a teenager? What’s an 8-ball?

A common reason people bone up on their weights and measures is to make sure their dealer isn’t ripping them off. It’s equally important to always know how much you’re consuming, especially if you’re buying in bulk.Eating a pint of ice cream isn’t the same thing as downing a half gallon.


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Weights and Measures belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

The most common quantity that speed is sold in is a quarter. Usually a quarter fills up half of a small plastic baggie (1” x 1”) and it weighs a quarter gram – hence the name. A half is just twice the amount of a quarter. People also buy it in grams or in multiple quarters or grams (for instance, three quarters).

To remember what a teenager is, think ‘sweet 16’– because a teenager is 1/16th of an ounce. And the way to remember how much is in an 8-ball is to think 8 cause an 8-ball is 1/8th of an ounce.


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Crystal Meth and Mood belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.


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Crystal Meth and Mood: Introduction belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • Crystal has complicated effects on the chemistry of the brain. And there’s a lot that science hasn’t figured out yet — especially when it comes to the long-term effects of using crystal. In this section, we are trying to present what is known in a simple, understandable way. It’s definitely more of an introduction to the subject rather than an advanced course in the science behind brain chemistry and mood.


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Crystal Meth and Mood belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Building Blocks of Mood

  • There are two primary chemicals in the brain that influence mood: serotonin and dopamine. Serotonin can be thought of as your ‘happy mood chemical’ and dopamine as your 'pleasure chemical'.

  • Our bodies naturally produce these chemicals and release a certain amount each day. Let’s call that the 'baseline' level. It’s important to know that two people’s baseline levels can be wildly different. Some people have naturally high baseline levels while others have lower ones.

  • When dopamine and serotonin are present in the brain in sufficient quantities, they contribute to a feeling of general well being, emotional stability and the feeling that life’s challenges are tolerable. When the levels are low, there can be a loss of interest in daily life, sluggishness or even depression.


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Crystal Meth and Mood belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Natural HighsOur bodies also store these chemicals and can release larger than normal amounts in response to a specific life event (stimulus). For instance, having a hot guy cruise you or finding a 50-dollar bill on the street could be enough of a stimulus for the brain to release a little extra. When this happens, you feel a surge of happiness or pleasure.

  • At every step in this discussion, it’s important to remember that people’s brain chemistries can be very different. Just like some people’s brains normally have high baseline levels of these chemicals and others not, some people’s serotonin and dopamine levels will rise considerably in response to stimuli and other people’s just won’t. Some people get lots of natural highs in life. At the opposite extreme, some people’s levels of these chemicals seem to rarely spike high. We all know people who are this way — nothing ever seems to make them smile or give them a rush of pleasure.

    Natural Limits on Pleasure

  • While our bodies do store these chemicals, we don’t have an unlimited supply. It’s a lot like the way our body produces and stores sperm and seminal fluid. There’s only so much cum that can come out in any one period. And if you jerk off too many times in one day (or over a couple days), you’ll wind up shooting very small wads. As we all know, too much activity can deplete the body of its natural reserves. This holds true for the brain as well.

  • On the other hand, if you can manage not to touch yourself for 10 days, some guys can shoot like a porn star. So, while you can deplete your reserves, you just have to wait for the body to produce some more. This also holds true for brain chemistry as well.


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Crystal Meth and Mood belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

The Rush of Speed

  • What speed basically does is cause a huge release of serotonin and dopamine. The brain gets flooded which causes the rush and the sustained good feeling that most guys feel when they do it.

  • While speed affects lots of different areas of the brain, it really has an impact on the most primitive part of our animal brains — the amygdale, which is the part that kicks in with a 'flight or fight' response. When this part of us gets stimulated, the body dumps a ton of adrenalin into our systems. Adrenalin is a chemical that can put us on hyper-alert and gives us the feeling like we could leap small buildings in a single bound.


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Crystal Meth and Mood belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

The Crash

After a few hours at this elevated state, the levels of these feel-good chemicals start to plunge. That’s when people say they’re 'coming down'.There are lots of factors that go into a crash, like lack of sleep, nutrition and exhaustion from a state of heightened awareness and activity. But in terms of brain chemistry, the crash also has to do with how the levels of dopamine and serotonin begin to fall well below normal baseline levels — what goes up must come down.


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Crystal Meth and Mood belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

After the high, the body needs some time to replenish its stores of dopamine and serotonin. Usually, this period lasts 7-to-10 days and for that time period after using, you’ve got lower than normal levels of these vital chemicals; that’s why people often feel drained, life-less or have difficulty concentrating or focusing for days after using speed. Stimulant withdrawal induces depression— it can’t happen any other way.When most people talk about the crash from speed, they usually describe the initial comedown and the first day or two of rebounding. What people don’t usually factor in is the period of time (7 to 10 days) that it takes for the body to return to baseline levels of dopamine and serotonin in the brain. Given this perspective, if a first-time user does a small amount of speed, the high will last for approximately one day and the crash can last for 10 days.


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Crystal Meth and Mood belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

When most people talk about the crash from speed, they usually describe the initial comedown and the first day or two of rebounding. What people don’t usually factor in is the period of time (7 to 10 days) that it takes for the body to return to baseline levels of dopamine and serotonin in the brain. Given this perspective, if a first-time user does a small amount of speed, the high will last for approximately one day and the crash can last for 10 days.


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Crystal Meth and Mood belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Longer-term UseLooking at the above description, it takes 10 days for this person to return to baseline. Where things get complicated is if they use speed again before the brain gets back to baseline levels of dopamine and serotonin. What happens in this scenario is that the person shoots back up again and can then deplete their back-up supply even more. So, in the lowest part of the crash, they could go even lower and it can take even longer to get back to baseline.One of the big concerns about frequent, repeated use of methamphetamine is that the brain can remain depleted of serotonin and dopamine for long periods of time. This can have lots of effects: people can literally forget what life is like at baseline and just get used to being hung-over all the time. When this happens, people usually lose their toehold on life and begin to see it all in terms of black (the crash) and white (the high).


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Crystal Meth and Mood belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Let’s say someone uses speed twice per month, spaced two weeks apart. If being high is day one, then the crash begins on day two and lasts until day twelve. Then they get three days at baseline before the whole cycle starts up again. For more frequent users, months or years can go by without ever returning to baseline. And without access to who we are when we’re at baseline, people can get very confused about who they really are— and take their crashing selves to be their real self. Another major concern is that just like Pavlov’s dogs, the brain can learn to only release pleasure chemicals when speed is used. So things that normally get people off just don’t get them off anymore — like seeing a great movie, riding roller coasters or finding the man of their dreams. Pleasure becomes synonymous with speed and everything else, more-or-less, pales in comparison.


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Crystal Meth and Mood belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Another major concern is that the part of the brain that regulates the release and absorption of these chemicals can get temporarily or permanently damaged. Most heavy users of speed who stop notice that it can take a long time before things return to normal again.


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Crystal Meth and Mood belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Review

To change the way a person thinks, feels, and sees, crystal meth must first pass through the blood-brain barrier (BBB). When crystal crosses the BBB, several brain chemicals called neurotransmitters are released into the bloodstream.

Neurotransmitters send “emergency alert” messages to the heart, the digestive system, the kidneys, the lungs and the glands that make the body’s hormones.


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Crystal Meth and Mood belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

The job of the nervous system is to carry messages from your brain to the rest of your body. When you use crystal, your nervous system shifts into high gear. The brain floods your body with "danger" messages. Your body responds immediately to what it thinks is a threat. It prepares to fight or run away.


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Common body reponses to perceived danger include: belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

  • Pupils dilate to let in more light.

  • Hair stands on end ("getting goose bumps"). 

  • Blood vessels just under the skin constrict.

  • Body temperature goes up. 


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Concerns of regular, long-term crystal use  belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

*Stores of neurotransmitters get depleted.

*Paranoia and anxiety become more frequent and last longer.

*Psychosis develops from too much dopamine, norepinephrine and lack of sleep.

*Blocked blood vessels within the brain can lead to increased chances of stroke. 

!!News Flash!!

Recent research has shown that long-term meth use destroys nerve cells in the brain that regulate dopamine, muscle movement, memory, and decision-making. This damage can be widespread and permanent.


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How does all this work? belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Don't be confused. The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is not a concrete roadblock. Actually, the BBB is a sleeve-like filter of tightly packed fat cells. This “sleeve” lines the inside wall of the tiny blood vessels (capillaries) that carry fresh blood to the brain. 

What does the BBB do?

Two of its most important functions are (1) to protect the brain from germs; and (2) to act as the gateway to the central nervous system. All PSYCHOACTIVE drugs (those that change the way we think, feel and see) cross the BBB. 


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HOW DOES CRYSTAL WORK? belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.

Crystal looks and acts like a neurotransmitter. That's why neurons absorb the drug. When nerve cells soak up crystal, the natural neurotransmitters are pushed out and replaced. When these chemicals get pushed out of the nerve cells, they are released into the bloodstream. Once released, neurotransmitters start “talking” to the rest of the body. We might say that crystal ups the volume of the conversation from a whisper to a scream.


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  • What's on the other side of the BBB? belief system, cultural mores and values in order to examine the culture of another.Millions of neurons (nerve cells.) Neurons produce, store up, and release neurotransmitters. 

  • What's a neurotransmitter?Neurotransmitters are chemicals that allow nerves in the brain and body to "talk" to each other. Neurotransmitters carry messages from the brain out to the tissues, glands and organs of the body. They also carry messages back from the body to the brain.

  • For example: You have an itch on your knee. Your knee sends a message to your brain. The brain sends a message to your hand telling it to scratch the itch. Neurotransmitters carry these messages. In a way, they unite the brain and the rest of the body into one functioning unit.


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Three neurotransmitters play a big part in how crystal affects the mind and body:

Dopamine gives us a sense of reward and pleasure. It is also associated with body movement. Too little dopamine causes paralysis or Parkinson's-like tremors and rigidity: you get locked in your body. Too much dopamine and a person can become paranoid, hear voices and get twisted thoughts. Sound familiar?

Serotonin is involved in sleep and sensory perception. It plays a role in depression, sex, and the regulating. Serotonin is involved with many emotional disorders like schizophrenia, phobias, super-aggressive state adn obsessive-compulsive behavior. Too much serotonin can make it difficult (or impossible) to have an orgasm.

Norepinephrine increases alertness and concentration. It helps kill pain and regulates blood pressure. Basic instincts like hunger, thirst and sex can be triggered by release of norepinephrine. Too much norepinephrine contribultes to crystal dick.


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METH AND THE BODY affects the mind and body:


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METH AND THE BODY affects the mind and body:

Dental Health

Teeth and gums need blood to stay healthy. Crystal causes the vessels that supply blood to oral tissues to shrink up.

CONCERNS:

  • Tooth decay

  • Gum problems

  • Bone loss

  • Tooth loss


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METH AND THE BODY affects the mind and body:

Reduced blood supply causes tissues to break down.

With repeated shrinking, the blood vessels don't recover and tissues die.

Crystal also causes dry mouth.  Saliva neutralizes acids in the mouth.  Less saliva means more acid.  Acids eat away at the minerals in tooth enamel and cause holes or weak spots that turn into cavities.  


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METH AND THE BODY affects the mind and body:

ORAL HEALTH TIPS

Brush and floss your teeth on a regular basis.Brushing and flossing get rid of bacteria that feed on sugars in the mouth.  When bacteria eat sugars, they secrete acid.  More acid means more tooth and gum decay.

Oral sex is more risky when gums or teeth are not healthy. HIV and other micro-organisms from your partner's penis can mix with your blood and cause infection.  If you have bad oral health, it's best to use a condom when you give head.  


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METH AND THE BODY affects the mind and body:

Respiratory System: Lungs

Lungs transfer oxygen from the outside air to the bloodstream.  Blood carries oxygen to every cell and tissue in the body.  Cells need a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients to make energy. 


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METH AND THE BODY affects the mind and body:

Crystal relaxes air passages and opens them up.   This increases the intake of oxygen so that the body can fight harder or run faster.  

CONCERNS 

*Materials used to cut crystal can block blood vessels in the lungs

*Long term use can permanently reduce the amount of air the lungs can take in 


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METH AND THE BODY affects the mind and body:

HEART, BLOOD, VEINS and ARTERIES

Arteries pump fresh blood, oxygen, nutrients and drugs out from the heart to the brain and body.  After the fresh blood nourishes the muscles and organs of the body, veins collect the "tired" blood and carry it back to the heart.


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METH AND THE BODY affects the mind and body:

  • The heart pumps the blood (and drugs) to other parts of the body through the system of arteries. 

  • The "rush" and "high" begin when the drug reaches the brain.  This takes 15-30 seconds. 

  • The heart beats faster and harder

  • Veins and arteries constrict (get skinnier)

  • The blood clots more easily to stop bleeding. (Your body thinks it might be hurt.)  

  • CONCERNS *Heart beat gets out of rhythm. *High blood pressure can lead to increased risk of heart attack.*Germs (from injecting) can infect the lining of the heart (endocarditis).      


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METH AND THE BODY affects the mind and body:

LIVER

The liver is the body's largest internal organ.  Along with the kidneys, the liver clears the blood of drugs and poisons that might otherwise build up in the body. 

The liver breaks crystal down into simpler chemicals so they can be excreted.  Each time blood circulates through the liver, it breaks down more of the drug.


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METH AND THE BODY affects the mind and body:

Healthy Liver Tip

Injectors who share needles or works can also get HEPATITIS C, a serious and chronic inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis C can cause liver cancer and cirrhosis.

Never share needles, cookers, water or cottons.


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METH AND THE BODY affects the mind and body:

CONCERNS

*Crystal competes with other drugs to get broken down in the liver. 

*The liver cannot break down the overload of toxic substances in the bloodstream. This leads to dangerous drug interactions and stimulant overdose. Overdose can mean sudden and dangerous increase in blood pressure causing a severe lack of oxygen and blood to the brain. 

* Body temperature can go up to dangerous levels.  Sweating (which cools the body down) sometimes does not happen in stimulant overdose. 

* User could see spots (due to pressure on the nerves in the eye) or pass out.  Chances of heart attack, stroke, or coma go up.


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METH AND THE BODY affects the mind and body:

 THE KIDNEYS

The kidneys filter the blood and get rid of fluid wastes through urine.  Crystal is filtered by, then excreted through the kidneys.  Kidneys also balance the acid level in your body's fluids.


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METH AND THE BODY affects the mind and body:

CONCERNS

*Crystal constricts blood vessels in the kidneys.

*With less blood flow, the kidneys produce less urine. Toxic wastes get recycled back into the bloodstream. When toxic blood reaches the brain, you can get headaches and suffer confusion.

*Urine becomes very concentrated and sits in the bladder. This can result in bladder infections.  Kidneys can get inflamed. 


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METH AND THE BODY affects the mind and body:

THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

The digestive system breaks down nutrients into simpler chemicals.  The body uses these chemicals for energy and to build and repair cells and tissues.

Crystal slows down or stops the movement of the digestive tract.This slows the breakdown of food and nutrients. Appetite and thirst decrease. 


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METH AND THE BODY affects the mind and body:

CONCERNS

*Constipation

*Diarrhea

*Malnutrition, anorexia, weight loss

*Cramping

*Dehydration, dry mouth


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METH AND THE BODY affects the mind and body:

CRYSTAL AND SEX

When it comes to sex, crystal is a drug of contradictions. Some men use crystal to boost their sex drive, prolong sex play and delay orgasm. But many men also experience “crystal dick” (can’t keep a hard-on). For guys who do keep hard, the delay of orgasm can last too long and become painful. The sexual effects of crystal are probably related to the way hormones and neurotransmitters – two types of body chemicals – interact with each other.


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METH AND THE BODY affects the mind and body:

Generally speaking, sexually charged images, thoughts and places cause the body to produce sex hormones – chemicals that increase sexual arousal and excitement. Crystal, on the other hand, causes the release of neurotransmitters – nervous system chemicals that boost energy and concentration. If a person uses crystal in a sexually charged environment, neurotransmitters combine with sex hormones to boost sexual arousal and performance. But over the course of a high, levels of these chemicals shift and change.


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METH AND THE BODY affects the mind and body:

The result is not always ideal.

High levels of certain neurotransmitters actually impede arousal and performance. The result is crystal dick and delayed orgasm.


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METH AND THE BODY affects the mind and body:

CONCERNS

  • Almost half (47%) of gay or bisexual men who inject crystal have HIV or AIDS.

  • Crystal dick makes it more likely that a man will take the role of “bottom” (receptive anal partner). The bottom is at higher risk for HIV, other viral infections, bacterial infections and tissue damage. That's why condoms are recommended for anal sex.

  • Through prolonged sexual activity, tissues of the penis, anus and throat can get damaged. If damaged tissue is exposed to blood or semen, it's much easier for HIV or other harmful organisms to enter the body.

  • Some men become dependent on crystal and can no longer have sex without it.

  • In spite of having “hot sex” while using crystal, many men end up feeling socially isolated, disconnected, distrustful and empty.    


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