Forage and Grazing Opportunities - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Forage and Grazing Opportunities
1 / 29

  • Updated On :
  • Presentation posted in: Pets / Animals

Forage and Grazing Opportunities. Craig Saxe UW – Extension, Juneau Co. What Grazing Management and Golf have in common. It’s something you do outdoors Doing it well is more difficult then it looks Many people “talk” a much better game than they play

Related searches for Forage and Grazing Opportunities

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentationdownload

Forage and Grazing Opportunities

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Slide1 l.jpg

Forage and Grazing Opportunities

Craig Saxe

UW – Extension, Juneau Co.

What grazing management and golf have in common l.jpg

What Grazing Management and Golf have in common

  • It’s something you do outdoors

  • Doing it well is more difficult then it looks

  • Many people “talk” a much better game than they play

  • Studying about how to do it can be helpful, but real success requires practice and experience

What grazing management and golf have in common3 l.jpg

What Grazing Management and Golf have in common

  • Weather can have a huge influence on the results obtained

  • There are many products you can buy to better your game, but a real expert only needs a few basics

  • No matter how good you are, there is always room for improvement

Livestock enterprise comparison l.jpg

Livestock Enterprise Comparison

Livestock enterprise comparison5 l.jpg

Livestock Enterprise Comparison

Grazing formula l.jpg

Grazing Formula

Sunlight + Rain + Green Plants = Plant Growth

Plant Growth + Grazing Animals = $$$

  • The Grazing formula involves:

  • What’s best for the grass

  • What’s best for the livestock

  • What moves you toward your goals!!!

Traditional pastures are often continuously grazed l.jpg

Traditional Pastures are often “Continuously Grazed”

This usually means:

  • Lower yields

  • Serious weed pressure

  • Erosion problems

  • General “poor” management

In rotational grazing l.jpg

In Rotational Grazing...

  • Pastures are subdivided into smaller areas (or paddocks)

  • A portion of the pasture is grazed while the remainder “Rests”

  • Paddocks are allowed to:

    • Renew energy reserves

    • Rebuild plant vigor

    • Improve long-term production

Intensive rotational grazing l.jpg

Intensive Rotational Grazing...

Involves a higher level of management

  • Greater paddock numbers

  • Shorter grazing periods

  • Longer rest periods

Traditional pasture l.jpg



Traditional Pasture

Rotational grazed paddocks l.jpg

Rotational Grazed Paddocks


Intensive rotational grazing12 l.jpg


Intensive Rotational Grazing

Exercise paddock l.jpg



Exercise Paddock

Monthly forage production in 2 acre grass and grass legume pastures l.jpg

Monthly forage productionin 2-acre grass and grass-legume pastures

animal need

Grass Pasture

Grass-Legume Pasture

Forage growth curve l.jpg



ForageGrowth Curve

Best time to graze

Seasonal growth patterns in forages l.jpg

Seasonal growth patterns in forages

The rest period l.jpg

The Rest Period

  • Should vary according to plant growth

  • In general, must increase as growth rate slows

  • Relates closely to seasonal forage growth

  • Need to rotate between paddocks every 3-6 days

Relationship of rest period to pasture mass during periods of rapid vs slow growth l.jpg

Relationship of rest period to pasture mass during periods of rapid vs. slow growth


DM / acre




0 5 10 15 20 25

Period of fast plant growth (days)

0 10 20 30 40 50

Period of slow plant growth (days)

Stocking rate animals acre l.jpg

Stocking Rate (animals/acre)

  • Can use formulas for actual numbers

  • Thumb rule; 1000 pounds of animal per 2-4 acres

  • Intensive Rotational Grazing = 1000 pounds of animal to 1-1.5 acres

  • Traditional “Under-managed” pastures = 1000 pounds of animal to 5-10 acres

Consider the new fencing technology l.jpg

Consider the New Fencing Technology

Useful life of fencing materials l.jpg

Useful Life of Fencing Materials

Sheep pasture l.jpg

Sheep & Pasture

  • Weaned lambs should get the best pasture

  • Weaned ewes can tolerate lower quality forage

  • In drought or overstocking conditions wean lambs early and put them on drylot

  • Utilize stockpiled forage

Sheep pasture23 l.jpg

Sheep & Pasture

  • Manage parasites

  • Manage predators

  • Desired lamb weights in the US are difficult to obtain by pasture alone

  • Wean early

Consider grazing other livestock with sheep l.jpg

Consider Grazing Other Livestock with Sheep


  • It reduces parasitic infestation

  • Each will eat around the others’ droppings

  • It assures more uniform use of the pasture

Diet selection of livestock l.jpg

Diet Selection of Livestock

a A mixture of grass and legumes

b Woody material

Grazing trial on non lactating ewes continuous vs restricted grazing l.jpg

Grazing Trial on Non-Lactating EwesContinuous vs. Restricted Grazing

* U of Minn.

Grazing management tips l.jpg

Grazing Management Tips

  • Learn To Manage Your Pastures

  • Avoid over or under grazing

  • Apply fertilizer as needed (take a soil test)

  • Re-seed pastures if necessary

Grazing management tips28 l.jpg

Grazing Management Tips

  • Commit Yourself Totally To Making It Work

  • Make The Transition Gradually

  • Solicit A Lot Of Advice, But Make Your Own Decisions

  • Stay Flexible And Keep Investments Low

  • Plan, Plan, & Re-plan

  • Login