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Expanding SPoRT Collaborations with WFOs in other Regions PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Expanding SPoRT Collaborations with WFOs in other Regions Opportunities for NASA and the NWS Why Extend SPoRT to Other Regions Benefits to NOAA / NWS: Provide tools / capabilities to improve short-term weather forecasts to a broader spectrum of WFOs – save lives and property

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Expanding SPoRT Collaborations with WFOs in other Regions

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Expanding SPoRT Collaborations with WFOs in other Regions

Opportunities for NASA and the NWS

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Why Extend SPoRT to Other Regions

  • Benefits to NOAA / NWS:

  • Provide tools / capabilities to improve short-term weather forecasts to a broader spectrum of WFOs – save lives and property

  • Demonstrate how the unique data can be used to address forecast problems of other regions – different forecast problems

  • Prepare forecasters for data and products from new operational NOAA instruments

  • Benefits to NASA:

  • Demonstrate the utility of NASA observations for operational applications – societal benefits

  • Help NOAA better prepare for the use of measurements from new systems

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Mission: Apply unique NASA Earth science research and observations to improve the accuracy of short-term (0-24 hr) weather prediction at the regional and local scale

Real-time NASA data and research capabilities

Stick with SPoRT Mission / Paradigm

  • Apply SPoRT Paradigm

  • Focused research – match forecast problem to data / capabilities

  • Evaluate solutions in “testbed” mode

  • Transition to WFOs and end users in their decision support system (AWIPS / AWIPS2)

    • training

    • feedback

    • assessment

  • End user (forecaster) involvement in entire process

  • http://weather.msfc.nasa.gov/sporthttp://weather.msfc.nasa.gov/sportblog

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  • Work with Regions / SSDs and WFOs

  • Explore unique / challenging forecast problems in region

  • Match NASA solutions to problems

  • Identify collaborative WFOs

    • group by common interests / problems

    • must be willing to actively participate – use data, feedback, interaction with SPoRT

    • Initially 2 groups of 3-4 WFOs in each region (1 in AK, HI)

  • Need Regions to be / provide a focal point and endorsement of expansion effort


MODIS False Color

Don’t Just Throw Data over the Fence

Total Lightning

AMSR-E Rain Rate



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Forecast Problems / Solutions

  • SPoRT does not presume we know the issues forecasters deal with on a daily basis!

  • Expansion in Southern Region –coastal WFOs

    • talk with coastal WFOs about problems and what data / tools they thought we had that might help – SSTs, off-shore systems, local modeling (made some visits to these WFOs)

  • Some Southern Region forecast problems

    • timing, location, intensity of severe weather and precipitation

    • diagnostic analysis of current conditions, cloud cover, visibility, fog, etc. (esp. at night), morning minimum temperatures (and its local variations)

    • wildfire locations and visibility restrictions

    • snow cover

    • coastal weather processes (sea breeze convection / temperatures), off-shore precipitation processes

    • weather in data void regions (storms, moisture sources – atmospheric rivers)

  • Identify regional forecast problems in other regions

    • Input through Regions – SPoRT will make Region/WFO visits

    • Alaska and Hawaii will have significantly different forecast issues – SPoRT to visit to learn first hand

transitioning unique NASA data and research technologies to operations

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  • SPoRT ingests real-time MODIS and AIRS data from several direct broadcast systems, AMSR-E products from near real-time sources, other products from NESDIS, etc.

    • highest resolution possible (down to 250m for MODIS)

    • some dbs also produce products which are useful in our applications

    • SPoRT generates need products when not available for other sources

    • data / products reformatted and sectorized for AWIPS

  • Work with WFOs on product display in AWIPS

    • develop appropriate localizations for display

    • consistent with similar products from GOES, enhancement tables, units, etc.

  • Suite of some 30 SPoRT products delivered to Regions via LDM

    • Region delivers selected products to targeted WFOs

      Disseminate existing data / products to other Regions / WFOs - straight-forward – simpler with AWIPS2 (no need to sectorize the data)

    • obtain access to data / products from additional dbs for AK and HI

    • pass on localization instructions, naming conventions, etc.

    • can use existing product training modules, etc.

      New products follow same approach – just require slight localization modifications

Data Dissemination to WFOs

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  • Training is key to the transition of products to operations

    • Provide technical information on products to be used

    • Communicate to other partners the lessons learned from initial testing

    • Demonstrate utility and application to a forecast issue

      Adult professionals who want to know how to apply the product in the workplace

      SPoRT utilizes a variety of training methods

    • Distance learning and site visits

    • Regular monthly coordination calls

    • PowerPoint and Articulate Presenter modules

      Modules will be updated and re-used for forecasters in other Regions. New modules easily developed.

      5 product modules developed in last year – transitioning to LMS


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Collaborative Feedback / Assessments

  • SPoRT expects active participation from forecasters at participating and collaborating WFOs

  • Regular view products and use them to address forecast issues

  • Provide SPoRT liaisons feedback on product use, strengths, weaknesses, limitations, and suggested improvements

  • Participate in regular collaboration calls and collaboration workshops

  • Jointly (with SPoRT) develop and publish assessment on the utility of NASA observations and research capabilities to improve short-term weather forecasts

    • internal reports

    • conference papers

    • journal articles


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  • Short-term

  • Establish focal points within SPoRT and each Region

    • SSD Chief endorsement of collaboration – coordinate collaboration calls

    • identify NWS focal point for each region – could be at SSD level or an active WFO

  • Transition existing products to collaborating WFOs - existing forecast problems

    • regional LDMs, AWIPS, localizations, etc.

  • Form collaboration teams in other Regions

    • two groups of 3-4 WFOs in each

    • product / problem orientated

    • Identify forecast problems to be addressed with existing data

  • Add full time SPoRT liaison to assist with this collaboration

    • SPoRT liaison assigned to each region or by common forecast problem

  • Secure a real-time direct broadcast data stream for Alaska and Hawaii regions

Phasing of Expansion

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Phasing of Expansion

  • Short-term (continued)

  • Use collaboration teams to identify new forecast problems

    • match data / products to problem

    • develop transition plan (including schedule) for each (solution, testbed, transition, training, and assessment)

  • Integrate other non-SPoRT value-added products into dissemination process

    • e.g., unique UW/CIMSS products, CIRA, etc.

    • other NESDIS products

    • allows external collaborators to concentrate on new product development rather than transition

    • involve external collaborators in training, feedback, and assessment process

    • SPoRT remains single focal point for non-standard data into AWIPS/AWIPS2 (eases coordination burden on WFOS/ Regions)

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Phasing of Expansion

  • Mid-term

  • Transition SPoRT suite of products to AWIPS2

    • streamlines data dissemination

    • creates many new product / display opportunities

  • Transition data from NPP / NPOESS satellites (follow-on to NASA satellites)

  • Implement transition of new products to address forecast problems

    • test with interested WFO

    • develop training, conduct impact assessment

  • Add NWS Application Integration Meteorologists to each region – shared funding

    • new position in Huntsville WFO / Southern Region

    • help with liaison / transition activities within regions

    • could be at Region or active WFO

    • help in non- SPoRT transitions as well (GOES-R or “Satellite” Proving Ground)

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Expansion Questions

  • What if AWIPS2 is delayed? -- AWIPS still works

  • What if NASA satellite sensors fail? -- NPP / NPOESS

  • What if all WFOs really want and can use SPoRT data? How do we handle that? -- can provide, NWS take lead on interaction

  • What is the relationship between SPoRT and others who are providing unique data to WFOs? -- collaboration

  • How do we interact with River Forecast Centers? National Centers (NHC, TPC, etc.) -- like WFOs in AWIPS2

  • SPoRT needs additional financial resources to expand. What if those are not available? -- concentrate on focused transitions

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