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Kolbi Amon & Tia Belisle. Developing Reliable Water Systems for Extreme Drought Areas of Ethiopia. Population: 67.7 mil. Life Expectancy: Men 43, Women 44 Infant Mortality: 98/1000 live births 1300 Each Day Poverty: 64% 1 of 5 poorest countries Labor Force:

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Kolbi Amon &

Tia Belisle

Developing Reliable Water Systems

for Extreme Drought Areas of Ethiopia


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Population: 67.7 mil.

Life Expectancy: Men 43, Women 44

Infant Mortality: 98/1000 live births

1300 Each Day

Poverty: 64%

1 of 5 poorest countries

Labor Force:

80% Agriculture

12% Government Services

8% Industry

Language: Amharic Somali, Tigrinya, Oromo

Religion: ~50% Muslim

Located Eastern Africa (twice the size of Texas

Varying climate between elevation and landscape changes. RICH IN GROUND WATER!!!

Available Rain:

Short Periods

Heavy- ‘wall-like’

Ethiopia Statistics (Background)


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20% - access water

Safe drinking water

Irrigation/Livestock

Health Consequences:

Exposure to Elements

Weak Immune Systems

60-80% preventable diseases

Government

Lack Attention/Support Agriculture

No Technology Support

Lack of Funding

Order of Priorities

2001 Food Surplus

Current Issues


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Main Problem

  • Extreme Drought: Somali, Afar, Gode, Denan, Imi (S, SE, E and N areas of Ethiopia)

  • 3 years No Rain Season (April-May)

    • Harvest Season: June-Sept.  90% Staple Diet

  • Effects:

    • Virtually Producing No Crop

    • Ten’s of Thousands Animal Deaths  No Milk/Meat

      • 80-90% Cattle

      • 30-40% Goats/Sheep


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Current Projects/Agencies

  • World Vision

    • Provided Food

  • UNICEF

    • Several (Food-Health-Agriculture)

  • USAID

  • CIDA (Canadian International Development Agency

    • Emergency/Non-Emergency


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Project Proposal

  • Ground Water Use

    • Drilled Wells with Hand Pumps

    • Providing 500-1000 people

  • Rain Water Collection

    • Reservoir- catching system to funnel short, sporadic rain fall.


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Ethiopia Needs

  • Ability to Survive

    • Crop Production

    • Livestock

    • Improve Health

  • Have No Government Support


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Project Support

  • Ethiopian People

  • Other Agencies and Countries


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Obstacles/Resistance

  • No Government Support/Funding

  • Full Usage of Developed Wells


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Benefit:

People of Ethiopia

Agriculture Production

Livestock

Health

Government Stability

Unaffected

Villages without Proposed Development Project

Negative Affects/Hurt

Possible Jealousy between villages and other countries


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Compatibility/Flexibility

  • Project applies to Needs

  • Ability for Development Project to be placed in various villages


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Measurement of Success

  • Increased Agriculture Production

  • Lowered Dependency on Food Projects

  • Lower Rate of Domestic Animals

  • Increased Health Over Time

  • Interviews

    • Changed Lives

    • Usage (If/How?)


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